• Based on federal laws, the 2018 Farm Bill specifically, consumers over the age of 18 can legally buy CBD oil (cannabidiol)(1). Like most states, West Virginia adheres to federal policy.
  • The state has no mention of CBD prescription specifically. However, patients under the age of 18 and with serious medical conditions may apply for a medical cannabis patient card through a caregiver. These patients need to obtain a physician’s certification(2).
  • Hemp laws in West Virginia existed as early as 2002(3). Such laws granted legal protection for the growth and licensing of industrial hemp within the state.
  • By 2018, the state established the West Virginia Industrial Hemp Development Act to grant citizens licenses(4).
  • Based on federal laws, products must contain less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on a dry weight basis(5).

Hemp-based CBD products in West Virginia have been legal since 2002(6).

Historically, the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act considered all cannabis varieties, including hemp and marijuana, as Schedule I drugs(7).

This law defined Schedule I drugs as substances or potentially addictive chemicals without any accepted health benefits.

Congress legalized the cultivation of hemp through the Hemp Farming Act of 2018(8). This law declassified industrial hemp as Schedule I drugs by redefining hemp plants as cannabis plants with less than 0.3% THC concentration on a dry weight basis.

Additionally, the 2018 Farm Bill’s passage allowed the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate CBD’s distribution in the market.

Although the FDA continuously reevaluates its stance on CBD products, companies cannot market CBD products as dietary supplements(9).

West Virginia CBD Laws

Before the Farm Bill of 2018 was implemented, Senate Bill 447 granted industrial hemp rights, including licensure and defenses, to West Virginia citizens in February 2002(10).

This law initially defined industrial hemp as all parts of Cannabis sativa L. plants with less than 1% THC.

The following state laws resulted in the legality of cannabis in the state of West Virginia:

West Virginia Medical Cannabis Act (Senate Bill 386)

The West Virginia Legislature passed SB 386 in May 2017 to authorize medicinal cannabis use within West Virginia. The law also created the WV Medical Cannabis Act(11).

Additionally, SB 386 established a medical cannabis program for patients who suffer from any of the following severe medical conditions(12):

  • Cancer
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Injury to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with an objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity (disrupted muscles)
  • Epilepsy
  • Neuropathies
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Intractable seizures
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Severe chronic or intractable pain, neuropathic or otherwise
  • Terminal illness

Through this law, doctors can prescribe CBD oil to qualified patients.

Industrial Hemp Development Act (Senate Bill 475)

In June 2018, the West Virginia legislature passed SB 475 to authorize the Commissioner of Agriculture to establish and manage an industrial hemp seed certification program(13).

This program allowed industrial hemp licensees to develop industrial hemp varieties for certification.

House Bill 2694

In April 2019, the West Virginia legislature passed HB 2694, which clarifies that growers and individuals need an industrial hemp license from the Department of Agriculture to farm, cultivate, possess, or process the agricultural commodity(14).

The bill further states the following:

  • Hemp with up to 0.3% THC is classified as an agricultural commodity.
  • Hemp-derived cannabinoids, including CBD, are not controlled substances or adulterants (degrading substances).
  • Hemp and hemp products may be legally transported across state lines and exported to foreign nations, granted that these items adhere to the US federal law and to the respective foreign nations’ laws.

Licensing Requirements

Per HB 2694 guidelines, a person growing industrial hemp must apply to the commissioner of agriculture for a license(15).

The license applicant must provide their name and address with the legal description and global positioning coordinates of the land area intended for industrial hemp production.

Application fees start at $100 and increase depending on the number of noncontiguous locations.

Applicants must mail their application documents to:

West Virginia Department of Agriculture
1900 Kanawha Blvd.
East Charleston, WV 25305-0170

Industrial hemp license application forms are available for download at the West Virginia Department of Agriculture website.

Labeling Requirements

Per the West Virginia Department of Agriculture guidelines, hemp product labels must meet the following requirements:

  • CBD products for consumption must meet labeling requirements for food or dietary supplements per FDA regulations.
  • Topical CBD products must meet the FDA’s guidelines for cosmetic products’ warning statements.
  • Product lots must be traceable to the plant’s origin.
  • Product labels must be legible, clear, and printed in English.
  • Product labels must contain the generic or common name.
  • Product labels must clearly state whether the product contains CBD or THC.

The complete West Virginia Hemp Products Guide is available at the West Virginia Department of Agriculture website.

Buying CBD Legally

How to Choose CBD Products to Purchase

Consumers must confirm if a CBD brand provides its products’ comprehensive third-party lab results on its official website.

A product’s certificate of analysis (COA) contains third-party lab results that confirm the CBD product’s potency.

The COA is a document that third-party laboratories issue to a CBD company to ensure that its products meet quality standards.

The COA results usually include terpene and cannabinoid profiles for consumers to verify the exact amount of CBD present and compare the results with what is on the package.

Most lab results include contaminant profiles that detail whether a brand’s CBD product is free from harmful contaminants, such as pesticides, residual solvents, or heavy metals.

How to Read CBD Product Labels

Consumers must carefully read a product’s label to see if the company provided the following information:

  • Manufacturer’s name
  • Amount of CBD per serving
  • Net weight
  • Suggested usage
  • Batch number or code
  • List of ingredients
  • Type of CBD

Customers should look for these industry-standard details in CBD product labels. CBD brands that comply with these labeling requirements show that they are credible.

Some CBD brands include QR codes on their product’s packaging for the customers’ convenience. These scannable tags allow customers to compare a product’s lab results with the CBD contents on product labels.

Where to Legally Buy CBD Products

Usually, customers can purchase high-quality CBD products from health and wellness retailers.

Consumers may also buy CBD from a specific brand’s online shop.

Only one CBD oil store in West Virginia is listed in the Better Business Bureau(16):

  • A&T CBD Oil & Health Store Investments
    Parkersburg, WV
    Phone: (304) 615-9662

The BBB collects consumer reports and reviews on various businesses of a particular state(17).

Based on Google user reviews, some of the best CBD oil shops within the state include:

  • KALI Wellness
    Huntington, WV
    Phone: +1 304-710-4300
  • Cap City CBD plus
    Charleston, WV
    Phone: +1 304-345-7090
  • Glass Gone Wow
    Morgantown, WV
    Phone: +1 304-241-1528

CBD Possession Limits

The legal status of CBD products in West Virginia only allows local customers to possess CBD or hemp oil products with less than 0.3% THC. Currently, West Virginia laws do not specify any limitations.

Meanwhile, based on the Medical Cannabis Program of West Virginia, patients with qualifying medical conditions may possess a 30-day supply, at most, of individual doses of medical marijuana(18).

Individuals who are not enrolled in a medical marijuana program yet possess any amount of medical marijuana may face penalties for misdemeanors, including prison sentences between 90 days and six months and fines of up to $1,000.

Through the Farm Bill of 2018, the federal government legalized hemp cultivation in all 50 states. This law redefined hemp plants as cannabis with less than 0.3% THC content.

Individual states have their interpretation of the bill through their local laws. States keep their interpretations within FDA standards.

Retailers cannot sell CBD as dietary supplements or medication, per FDA regulation.

CBD state laws may have varying degrees of restrictions on the possession and manufacture of CBD. Failure to abide by local medical cannabis laws may result in appropriate fines.

Understanding CBD

What Is CBD?

CBD is a non-psychoactive component or cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. It is the second most abundant cannabis content besides THC.

Most CBD products found in licensed dispensaries are derived from industrial hemp plants instead of marijuana plants. Hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, while marijuana exceeds that limit.

Companies manufacture hemp extracts into different product forms. CBD products are available as tincture oils, topicals, gummies, pills, and vape juices.

Are There Differences Between Hemp and Marijuana?

Hemp plants and marijuana plants are varieties of Cannabis sativa plants. Their differences lie in their cannabinoid content.

Hemp has less than 0.3% THC and contains more CBD than marijuana. CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, while THC is a psychoactive substance. THC is the cannabinoid that makes consumers feel “high” upon using products rich in such compounds.

Compared to hemp plants, marijuana plants have more than 0.3% THC. Thus, marijuana-based products are federally illegal to possess and process.

Medical marijuana is only legal to qualified patients with medical marijuana cards, per 2018 Farm Bill guidelines.

What Are the Different Types of CBD?

Full-spectrum CBD includes all of the hemp plant’s naturally occurring cannabinoids, including trace amounts of THC, flavonoids, terpenes, and fatty acids.

Broad-spectrum CBD contains almost the same components as full-spectrum CBD, except THC.

CBD isolate only has CBD after the hemp plant undergoes extraction methods to strip the plant of most of its components and naturally occurring cannabinoids.

What Are the Benefits of CBD Oil?

Several types of studies have looked at the purported benefits of CBD oil.

Researchers noted that CBD has potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-anxiety(19), anti-inflammatory(20), and analgesic properties(21).

Epidiolex remains the only FDA-approved CBD treatment for epilepsy and tuberous sclerosis complex with significant scientific backing(22).

Does CBD Oil Have Side Effects?

Although the World Health Organization gives CBD a good safety profile(23), CBD may have potential adverse effects, including(24):

  • Loss of appetite and gastrointestinal problems
  • Changes in alertness
  • Liver damage
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Drowsiness
  • Mood changes
  • Potential drug interactions

Conclusion

Similar to all 50 United States, West Virginia allows consumers to legally purchase CBD products that comply with the conditions described in the 2018 Farm Bill.

Federally legal CBD should only have trace amounts of THC, specifically less than 0.3% THC content on a dry weight basis.

Consumers must remember that CBD products are not medicines and have no FDA-approved medical benefits.

*The information in this article was based on findings retrieved on November 17, 2020. The legality and regulations for CBD may change without notice.


  1. Farm Bill. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved from https://www.usda.gov/farmbill
  2. FAQ – Patients/Caregivers. West Virginia Department of Health & Human Resources – Bureau for Public Health – Office of Medical Cannabis. Retrieved from https://dhhr.wv.gov/bph/Documents/MedicalCannabis/FAQ%20-%20Patients%20Caregivers.pdf 
  3. Senate Bill No. 447. West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved from https://www.wvlegislature.gov/Bill_Text_HTML/2002_SESSIONS/RS/Bills/SB447%20SUB1%20eng.htm
  4. Senate Bill 475. West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved from https://www.wvlegislature.gov/Bill_Status/bills_text.cfm?billdoc=SB475%20SUB1%20ENR.htm&yr=2018&sesstype=RS&i=475
  5. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD). U.S. Food & Drug Association. 2020 Oct 1. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  6. Senate Bill No. 447. Op cit
  7. Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. FindLaw. 2019 February 4. Retrieved from https://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-charges/comprehensive-drug-abuse-prevention-and-control-act-of-1970.html 
  8. H.R.5485 – Hemp Farming Act of 2018. Congress.gov. Retrieved from https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/5485
  9. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD). Op cit
  10. Senate Bill No. 447. Op cit
  11. West Virginia Senate Bill 386. LegiScan. Retrieved from https://legiscan.com/WV/bill/SB386/2017
  12. Medical Cannabis Act. West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved from https://www.wvlegislature.gov/wvcode/code.cfm?chap=16A&art=2#01
  13. Senate Bill 475. Op cit
  14. Medical Cannabis Act. West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved from https://www.wvlegislature.gov/wvcode/code.cfm?chap=16A&art=4#01
  15. House Bill 2694. West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved from https://www.wvlegislature.gov/Bill_Status/bills_text.cfm?billdoc=HB2694%20SUB%20ENR.htm&yr=2019&sesstype=RS&i=2694
  16. Category: CBD Oil near WV, USA. Better Business Bureau. Retrieved from https://www.bbb.org/search?filter_ratings=B&filter_state=WV&find_country=USA&find_entity=81000-800&find_id=81000-800&find_text=CBD%20Oil&find_type=Category&page=1&sort=Distance&touched=3
  17. Mission and Vision. Better Business Bureau. Retrieved from https://www.bbb.org/mission-and-vision
  18. House Bill 2694. Op cit
  19. R de Mello Schier, A., P de Oliveira Ribeiro, N., S Coutinho, D., Machado, S., Arias-Carrión, O., A Crippa, J., … & C Silva, A. (2014). Antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects of cannabidiol: a chemical compound of Cannabis sativa. CNS & Neurological Disorders-Drug Targets (Formerly Current Drug Targets-CNS & Neurological Disorders), 13(6), 953-960.
  20. Leizer, C., Ribnicky, D., Poulev, A., Dushenkov, S., & Raskin, I. (2000). The composition of hemp seed oil and its potential as an important source of nutrition. Journal of Nutraceuticals, functional & medical foods, 2(4), 35-53.
  21. Maayah, Z. H., Takahara, S., Ferdaoussi, M., & Dyck, J. R. (2020). The anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of formulated full-spectrum cannabis extract in the treatment of neuropathic pain associated with multiple sclerosis. Inflammation Research, 1-10.
  22. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2017). The health effects of cannabis and cannabinoids: the current state of evidence and recommendations for research. National Academies Press.
  23. World Health Organization (WHO). (2018). Cannabidiol (CBD) Critical Review Report. https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf
  24. Machado Bergamaschi, M., Helena Costa Queiroz, R., Waldo Zuardi, A., & Crippa, A. S. (2011). Safety and side effects of cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent. Current drug safety, 6(4), 237-249.
CBD Clinicals is reader-supported. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Learn more

Featured Posts


Spruce CBD Review

Spruce is a family-owned business based out of Raleigh, North Carolina. The company was founded in 2018 in the belief that modern medicine is broken and that there is a need for alternatives to dangerous pharmaceuticals. Spruce’s lab-grade CBD oil is 100% natural and tested by a third-party lab in...

Read more

Best CBD for Neuropathy (Nerve Pain)

As medical cannabis products have become more popular, people are turning to them to treat everything from anxiety to depression to chronic pain. Individuals who are suffering from neuropathy may show interest in trying CBD oil. What Is CBD? CBD comes from a plant that is part of the Cannabaceae...

Read more

NuLeaf Naturals Review

NuLeaf Naturals claims to specially breed the therapeutic hemp grown on licensed Colorado farms for its wellness products. 

Read more

Best CBD Oil for High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Why People Are Taking CBD for High Blood Pressure? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), high blood pressure can harden the arteries, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart, leading to heart disease(5). In a 2015 study conducted by researchers from the...

Read more

Healthworx CBD Review

Healthworx CBD offers isolates, broad-spectrum, and full-spectrum CBD products that use non-GMO, pesticide-free hemp, according to the lab reports on most of the products.

Read more

Top 4 Best CBD Oil for Dogs With Cancer

Why Some People are Using CBD for Dogs with Cancer? An article posted by the American Kennel Club (AKC) says that there is no conclusive scientific data on using cannabidiol (CBD) to treat dogs specifically. However, there is anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggesting that CBD can help with neuropathic...

Read more

CBDistillery Review 2021

CBDistillery is a U.S. Hemp Authority-, GMP-, GRAS-, and ISO-certified CBD brand in Colorado. It was created with the belief that everyone should have access to quality products and information on CBD.

Read more

The Best CBD Oil for Dogs with Arthritis

Data from a 2016 study in The European Journal of Pain indicated that the topical application of CBD had the potential to relieve arthritis pain-related behaviors and inflammation in animal subjects without evident side-effects.

Read more