CBD Dog Treats for Anxiety

Is your dog showing symptoms of anxiety? Find out how to choose the best CBD dog treats to improve your dog’s overall health and help with canine anxiety.

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

HolistaPet CBD Dog Treats Stress and Anxiety Relief

4.1 out of 5
  1. Enhanced with L-Theanine and Chamomile
  2. Contains other key superfoods like Hemp Seed Powder
  3. Ideal for pets who experience the ill effects of uneasiness, stress and fears.

Best CBD Purity

King Kanine King Kalm Crunch CBD Pet Treats

3.9 out of 5
  1. Comes in different flavors
  2. Free of gluten, pesticides, and solvents
  3. Free shipping on orders $100 and up

Best Review

Honest Paws Mobility - Soft Chews

3.7 out of 5
  1. Made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp
  2. Upgrades your pet’s joint wellbeing
  3. 30-day money-back guarantee

Best Flavor Range

cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Treats for Dogs

3.4 out of 5
  1. Made with no meat or unnecessary additives
  2. CBD used comes from U.S. hemp that has been grown with organic farming methods
  3. Made from premium CBD from non-GMO USA hemp

Best Transparency

Honest Paws Calm - Soft Chews

3.7 out of 5
  1. Full-spectrum
  2. Made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp
  3. 30-day money-back guarantee

CBD Dog Treats for Anxiety 2022

  1. HolistaPet CBD Dog Treats Stress and Anxiety Relief Best Organic Dog Treats For Stress and Anxiety
  2. King Kanine King Kalm Crunch CBD Pet Treats Best CBD Purity
  3. Honest Paws Mobility - Soft Chews Best for Dog Mobility
  4. cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Treats for Dogs Best Bow Chow
  5. Honest Paws Calm - Soft Chews Best Organic Treats


CBD Dog Treats for Anxiety in 2022

Product Potency Purity Customer Service Type Extraction Transparency Absorption
HolistaPet CBD Dog Treats Stress and Anxiety Relief
4.1 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
King Kanine King Kalm Crunch CBD Pet Treats
3.9 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
Honest Paws Mobility - Soft Chews
3.7 out of 5
1.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Treats for Dogs
3.4 out of 5
1.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
Honest Paws Calm - Soft Chews
3.7 out of 5
1.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5

CBD Dog Treats for Anxiety

1. HolistaPet CBD Dog Treats Stress and Anxiety Relief
cbdc overall score

4.1

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Enhanced with other beneficial ingredients

A little bit pricey compared to other brands

Contains Superfoods

Has 30-day money back guarantee

Overview

Enhanced with L-Theanine and Chamomile to expand alpha wave age and lower your pet’s tension. These extraordinary flavors and calming herbs are joined with other key superfoods like Hemp Seed Powder and Pure CBD Oil to enable your canine to keep up quiet energy and a tranquil loosened up state in any unpleasant or frightening circumstance. This equation is ideal for pets who experience the ill effects of uneasiness, stress and fears.

2. King Kanine King Kalm Crunch CBD Pet Treats
cbdc overall score

3.9

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Free shipping on orders $100 and up

Incomplete information on their website

Free of gluten, pesticides, and solvents

Overview

King Kanine’s King Kalm Crunch are the perfect treats for your fur-babies because aside from providing health and wellness, it also comes in different flavors for different palates. Each 80z bag has approximately 40 treats and each treat has 3-4mg of CBD.

3. Honest Paws Mobility – Soft Chews
cbdc overall score

3.7

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Product offering is extensive

Most products were not tested for solvents or mycotoxins

Products are made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp

Limited information on the company

30-day money-back guarantee

Available in the US only

Free shipping for orders over $49.95

Expedited delivery option is available

Overview

The Honest Paws Mobility line, as the name proposes, upholds your pet’s versatility. All the more explicitly, it upgrades your pet’s joint wellbeing so they can move about more openly. This line is extraordinary for maturing pets that are having a harder time getting around.

4. cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Treats for Dogs
cbdc overall score

3.4

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

One of the few companies that offer CBD Oil for horses

Low terpene and cannabinoid profile

Same CBD Oil benefits as for humans

No THC Animal-specific products (dogs, cats, horses)

Made from premium CBD from non-GMO USA hemp

Overview

These treats are made with no meat or unnecessary additives, combined with the powerful properties of CBD derived from U.S. hemp that has been grown with organic farming methods.

5. Honest Paws Calm – Soft Chews
cbdc overall score

3.7

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp

Available in the US only

30-day money-back guarantee

Limited information on the company

Free shipping for orders over $49.95

Expedited delivery option is available

Overview

Full-spectrum hemp oil soft chew that combines naturally occurring CBD with a variety of ingredients to promote better behavior and healthy brain function in pets.

How CBD Helps Dogs With Anxiety

Anxiety affects canines. According to Merck Veterinary Manual, the most common causes of anxiety are aging, separation, and fear(1)

Human and animal studies show that CBD may potentially help with anxiety and other anxiety-related disorders(2-3)

Furthermore, anecdotal reports from some dog owners suggest that CBD oil may help with dog anxiety(4)

Cannabidiol (CBD) is an active constituent of cannabis. While this compound is an essential element of medical marijuana, it is derived from cannabis plants, which include marijuana and hemp plants(5).

CBD is non-psychoactive, although it has structural similarities to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC, another cannabis plant compound, causes a euphoric high(6).  

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is prevalent in mammalian species. ECS can be seen everywhere in the body and functions by maintaining homeostasis in the immune system, nervous system, and other organ systems(7)

Homeostasis is a process by which biological systems maintain steadiness while adapting to changing external conditions(8)

Cannabidiol interacts with cannabinoid receptors, namely CB1 and CB2. These receptors participate in multiple biological processes, including the regulation of pain, inflammation, and anxiety(9)

 Compared to humans, dogs have large numbers of cannabinoid receptors in their brain stem, medulla oblongata, and cerebellum(10).   

Medulla oblongata is the lowest part of the brain. Cerebellum is the area at the back and bottom of the brain.

Due to the high concentration of cannabinoid receptors in their brains, canines are sensitive to the effects of cannabinoids, making them susceptible to THC toxicity. In addition, dogs are relatively smaller than humans(11)

However, a study from the journal Animals stated that cannabidiol may help counteract the adverse effects of THC when administered concurrently(12)

Although some pet parents have reported success in administering CBD oil to help their anxious dogs, there is still no scientific data on how using the compound affects canines with such a condition(13). 

Benefits of Using CBD for Dogs With Anxiety

Jerry Klein, the chief veterinary officer of the AKC (American Kennel Club), said that CBD is used in dogs for the following(14)

  • cardiac benefits
  • anti-inflammatory properties
  • appetite stimulation
  • anti-nausea effects
  • possible cancer benefits
  • antianxiety impact   

CBD’s calming effect is only one of the compound’s purported therapeutic properties. However, note that, when administered in higher doses, CBD may cause dogs to feel slight drowsiness(15).  

Still, CBD’s benefits should not be overlooked. The vice-chairman of the American Veterinary Medical Association’s Council on Biologic and Therapeutic Agents, Jeffrey Powers, shared that CBD has helped control his dog’s noise anxiety(16)

Dog anxiety and noise aversion are the most common reasons pet owners seek information about CBD and the various ways to administer it to their furry friends(17)

As the interest in and use of cannabidiol in companion animals increase, there is a critical need for research evaluating the effectiveness and safety of CBD when used for dog anxiety. 

One study from the University of Kentucky examined the impact of feeding CBD-containing treats on dogs’ response to a noise-induced fear response test(18).

The result showed that CBD did not have an anxiolytic (antianxiety) effect in dogs supplemented with 1.4 mg of CBD per kilogram of body weight. Results also suggest that the compound may attenuate the effects of trazodone on plasma cortisol(19)

Cortisol is a steroid hormone that helps the body respond to stress. Trazodone is an antidepressant medication for behavioral disorders in cats and dogs. 

The authors of the study suggested increasing CBD doses to determine and analyze any potential anxiolytic effect on canines.  

 How Long Does CBD Take to Help Dogs With Anxiety?

CBD’s onset of action varies depending on several factors, including the method of administration used. However, it is not clear how long it takes for CBD to help with canine anxiety.

The onset of CBD oil for humans usually takes 30 to 90 minutes(20). Still, dogs are not “small people,” so you cannot expect the same duration and result.    

If you want to try cannabidiol for your anxious dog, you can add CBD oil to your dog’s food or administer it directly to your pooch’s mouth. 

Most CBD oil and tincture products come with a calibrated dropper. You can use it to dispense the content for easier administration. 

Meanwhile, CBD dog treats like soft chews are available in various flavors, such as sweet potato, green apple, bacon flavor, and peanut butter flavor

You may initiate a conversation with your veterinarian regarding the use of CBD products(21). Note that veterinarians are not allowed to voluntarily discuss CBD use with their clients due to potential penalties and license suspension. 

How Long Will CBD Help Dogs With Anxiety?

No study has determined how long CBD takes to help with canine anxiety. However, reports indicate that the low bioavailability of cannabidiol via oral administration to dogs and humans is due to the first pass effect(22).  

The first pass effect happens when a substance gets metabolized at a particular location in the body, decreasing drug absorption. 

Bioavailability refers to the ingested drug portion that can be absorbed into the bloodstream. 

A 2020 animal study using a canine model mentioned that the oral administration of oral CBD products resulted in an elimination half-life between one to four hours. The CBD dose given was 1.4mg/kg (milligram of CBD for every kilogram of dog body weight)(23)

Half-life is the length of time for the concentration of a particular drug to decrease to 50% of its starting dose in the body. 

Is CBD Safe for Dogs?

In 2021, a study from the American Journal of Veterinary Research indicated that repeated daily oral CBD administration was well tolerated by 20 healthy adult beagles(24).  

Meanwhile, research from the journal Animals hypothesized that an oral CBD-rich hemp supplement administered to healthy dogs and cats every 12 hours was not detrimental, based on CBC (complete blood count) and biochemistry values(25)

Still, you should look for high-quality CBD pet products for your dog’s health and overall wellness. Many CBD brands in the market claim to have the best CBD dog treats and other CBD-infused products. 

Ensure that the products you are buying come with certificates of analysis (CoAs) and lab results provided by a third-party lab. This way, you can determine the cannabidiol content’s potency and concentration. 

Lab testing is also vital to check whether there are harmful contaminants, such as pesticides, residual solvents, and heavy metals, in the product.  

Risks and Side Effects of Using CBD for Dog With Anxiety

While there is no scientific data on the risks and side effects of CBD usage for dogs with anxiety, the compound is thought to have the same potential side effects experienced by humans. Potential side effects include(26).

  • Dry mouth
  • Drowsiness
  • Lowered blood pressure 

Research from the Journal of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association indicated that healthy dogs may be able to clinically tolerate cannabidiol. Still, side effects like diarrhea may be experienced(27).  

How to Safely Administer CBD to Dogs

The best way to safely administer CBD to dogs is through the mouth. Still, pet owners should consult with a veterinarian experienced in cannabis use before giving CBD products to dogs.

However, note that not all states in the U.S.A. permit the use of cannabis and its derivatives, including cannabidiol. In addition, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) does not recognize CBD as a medical treatment.

For these reasons, make sure to familiarize yourself with your state’s rules and regulations regarding the use of CBD oil for dogs to avoid possible legal consequences.

To learn more about CBD and how to administer the compound to your dog safely, you may want to join the Veterinary Cannabis Society. 

Their official website provides their members access to webinars, podcasts, and peer-reviewed articles to inform and educate people on the safe use of cannabis in veterinary medicine. 

Quality Factors You Should Look for in CBD Dog Treats

Most CBD companies, such as Holistapet and Honest Paws, aim to have the highest quality pet CBD products, including CBD calming treats and calming chews

Some brands even offer a money-back guarantee if their products do not deliver as promised. However, cannabis in any form is a highly pharmacologically active drug(28). Dog owners should be cautious when choosing the right product for your dog.

Below is some pertinent information to help you select the appropriate CBD dog treat for your furry friend

1. Go for CBD dog treats that are derived from organic hemp. If possible, always opt for non-GMO, gluten-free treats, or treats that contain natural ingredients (organic ingredients).

Most CBD brands claim that they grow hemp plants from their farms. Grown hemp must not contain more than 0.3% of THC. 

Hemp-based CBD treats have little to no THC, making them generally safe(29).

2. Know the different hemp extracts and choose the one that suits your dog’s needs. The AKC suggested going for broad-spectrum CBD oil over full-spectrum hemp oil(30).

The reason for it is that full-spectrum CBD oil has THC content.

3. Visit your chosen CBD company’s website and check if a third-party lab tests all their products. Their page must include the lab report as well as the certificates of analysis (CoAs).

Lab testing is essential to ensure that their products do not have preservatives, artificial flavors, or worse, harmful contaminants.

4. Compare the CoA with the CBD company’s claims. Ensure that the amount of CBD in their products is accurate so that your dog can get the full benefits of CBD

The Right CBD Dosage for Your Dog’s Anxiety

There is no available CBD dosage to provide anxiety relief for dogs. However, if you want to determine the dosing of cannabis for pets, accurate labeling is the primary necessity. Without this information, calculated doses mean nothing(31).  

Research showed that canines with anxiety-related disorders are more likely to be aggressive toward people and engage in phobic and compulsive behaviors(32).  

On February 2, 2021, a study on the effects of Cannabis sativa L on canine’s aggressive behavior utilized one drop of CBD oil per 2kg of body weight to each dog that participated(33)

You may want to consider the calculated dose used in that study. However, the results are inconclusive. 

In addition, larger dogs may require a higher CBD dose than smaller dogs. Thus, it is best to speak with a veterinarian before deciding to give CBD to your anxious pet

Veterinary professionals may be hesitant to talk about CBD and its purported health benefits. However, feel free to initiate a discussion with them(34)

CBD Dog Treats Ingredients

Most CBD products, including dog treats, may contain carrier oils that may contribute to the purported health benefits of CBD. MCT (medium-chain triglyceride) oil from coconut oil is a common carrier oil(35)

It is vital to assess the ingredients of CBD pet products to be aware of the possible allergens and additives that may have adverse effects on your anxious dog. 

If your dog is gluten or dairy intolerant, make sure to avoid CBD treats with these ingredients. 

In addition, be careful not to confuse hemp oil with hempseed oil. People use them interchangeably. However, they are different from each other.

Although hempseed oil does not contain cannabinoids, it is rich in nutrients and fatty acids that may benefit your dog(36)

Other Alternative Treatments for Canine Anxiety

Apart from CBD products like CBD treats for anxiety in dogs, these alternative options may also help calm anxious dogs. 

1. Chamomile is a herbal supplement used as a mild sedative to help with anxiety in dogs(37).  

2. Superfoods or nutrient-rich foods may help improve your dog’s overall health and wellness(38).

According to studies, separation anxiety is associated with severe canine skin problems(39). Flaxseed, a known superfood, may help your pooch achieve healthier skin and hair coat(40).

3. Glucosamine is a compound that may help alleviate joint pain in dogs(41). Anxiety is sometimes indicative of pain(42).

4. Chondroitin helps with the nourishment of the tissues that line the joint(43). Anxiety may result from chronic pain(44). 

5. Turmeric is a flowering plant that may help with pain and inflammation(45).

Animal behavioral scientists in the U.K. and Brazil suggested that canines with noise sensitivity should be regularly assessed for pain. They hypothesized that a dog’s fear or noise anxiety may be due to underlying pain(46).

Canines may be sensitive to loud noises, such as thunderstorms, fireworks, motorbikes, and gunshots.

6. Tryptophan is an essential amino acid. It is vital for the functions of the nervous system and immune system(47).

Tryptophan has been shown to influence behaviors related to stress, fear, aggression, and anxiety in numerous mammalian subjects(48).

7. L-theanine is found in tea leaves. It is a type of amino acid that has relaxing effects in humans and animals(49)

Legality of CBD

Colorado expanded their state law on marijuana in 2012. The state legalized the adult use of recreational cannabis after Amendment 64 was passed, modifying the Colorado constitution(50)

Still, it is not clear whether the Centennial State allows the use of CBD for dogs.

On the other hand, licensed veterinarians in Nevada can recommend and administer hemp and cannabidiol products, provided that the THC content is not more than 0.3%(51).    

Meanwhile, cannabis is still illegal in veterinary medicine in California, although the state legalized it for adults over 21 years old(52)

On September 27, 2018, the state government approved California Legislature Assembly 2215 concerning veterinary professionals, cannabis, and animals(53)

The bill permits veterinarians to discuss medicinal cannabis use with pet owners. Still, it is illegal for them to prescribe cannabis products for pets.

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How can CBD help dogs with anxiety?

    Human and animal studies hypothesized that CBD may help with anxiety and other anxiety-related disorders(54-55)

    CBD is known for its calming effects(56), making it potentially beneficial to anxious dogs.

  • What evidence or research exists to say that CBD helps dogs with anxiety?

    There are limited studies directed on CBD and canine anxiety. 

    Nonetheless, a study from the University of Kentucky suggested using higher doses of CBD (more than 1.4mg of CBD per kilogram of dog body weight) to further examine any potential antianxiety effect of the compound on dogs(57).

  • Is there any evidence that CBD can make dogs with anxiety worse?

    There is no specific study on how CBD can make canine anxiety worse.

    A study on CBD-infused dog treats did not provide strong support for the antianxiety effects of CBD in canines supplemented with 1.4mg of CBD per kilogram of dog body weight(58).   

  • Will CBD interact with any current medication I may be taking for dogs with anxiety?

    Experts do not recommend giving CBD alongside other medications due to possible drug interactions(59)

    Several studies indicate that CBD may be a potent inhibitor of the cytochrome P450 family of enzymes, responsible for the metabolism of trazodone (antidepressant substance) in the liver(60).

  • Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help with dogs with anxiety?

    Trazodone is an antidepressant substance used to treat canine behavioral disorders, including noise phobia and separation anxiety(61)

    However, a study showed that CBD appeared to attenuate the effects of trazodone on plasma cortisol(62).  

  • What is the dosage for dogs with anxiety?

    There is no specific dosage for dogs with anxiety. 

    However, a study from the University of Kentucky administered 1.4mg of CBD per kilogram of body weight to dogs and observed that the compound did not provide antianxiety effects. Hence, they suggested an increased dose of CBD for future studies(63)

  • What happens if I give my dog too much CBD?

    CBD products sold as “soft chews” can trigger an osmotic effect when your dog ingests large amounts of it(64)

    The osmotic effect is a phenomenon that causes water to flow from a weak solution to a robust solution. In mild cases, it can lead to dehydration or diarrhea(65)

  • How long does it take for CBD dog treats to take effect on anxiety?

    It is not clear how long it takes for CBD dog treats to help with dog anxiety.

    However, a 2020 research article mentioned that recent work with other oral CBD products with 1.4mg/kg for body weight demonstrated that the elimination half-life of CBD was between one to four hours(66)

  • Is CBD safe to give to your dog?

    CBD is safe to administer to healthy dogs. A 2021 study from the American Journal of Veterinary Research indicated that healthy dogs well-tolerated repeated daily oral CBD administration for one to three months at dosages ranging from 0.5 to 1.2mg/kg once daily(67).

  • Do CBD dog treats have any side effects on anxiety?

    CBD-infused products, including dog treats, are thought to have similar side effects experienced by humans, including(68):

    • Dry mouth
    • Drowsiness
    • Lowered blood pressure 
  • Do vets recommend CBD treats for dogs’ anxiety?

    Under the current federal and state law, veterinarians may not recommend, prescribe, or administer cannabis and its products like CBD treats to animals(69). However, regulations vary, depending on the state where veterinarians are licensed. 

    In Nevada, for example, veterinary professionals can recommend and administer hemp and cannabidiol products, provided that the THC content is not more than 0.3%(70).  

  • Can I give my dog CBD treats every day?

    Yes. A 2021 study hypothesized that healthy dogs tolerated daily oral CBD administration for one to three months at dosages ranging from 0.5 to 1.2mg/kg once daily(71)

    Still, make sure to talk with your veterinarian first to know how much CBD treats to give to your dog daily. 

  • Can you overdose a dog with CBD dog treats?

    Large amounts of dog treats like “soft chews” can lead to diarrhea or dehydration. In severe cases, your dog may have acidosis or have too much acid in the body(72).   

  • Is CBD dog treats psychoactive? Can my dog get high?

    No. CBD is non-psychoactive, so it will not cause a euphoric high(73)

  • Can CBD treats be addictive to dogs?

    No. Studies suggest that cannabidiol does not pose a risk of addiction(74)

  • What flavors of CBD treats are available?

    Typical flavors of dog treats include peanut butter, sweet potato, bacon, and green apple.


  1. Behavioral Problems of Dogs https://www.merckvetmanual.com/behavior/normal-social-behavior-and-behavioral-problems-of-domestic-animals/behavioral-problems-of-dogs
  2. Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/
  3. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2020.569565/full
  4. Understanding, Preventing, and Treating Dog Anxiety https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/treating-dog-anxiety/
  5. Ibid.
  6. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6770351/
  7. Ibid
  8. Homeostasis https://www.nzqa.govt.nz/assets/qualifications-and-standards/qualifications/ncea/NCEA-subject-resources/Biology/91604-A/91604-EXP-Student5-001.pdf
  9. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6770351/
  10. Ibid
  11. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis, pages 305, 308. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  12. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6770351/
  13. Understanding, Preventing, and Treating Dog Anxiety https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/treating-dog-anxiety/
  14. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  15. Ibid.
  16. Should You Try CBD for Your Pet? https://www.consumerreports.org/cbd/should-you-try-cbd-for-your-pet/
  17. US Veterinarians’ Knowledge, Experience, and Perception Regarding the Use of Cannabidiol for Canine Medical Conditions https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2018.00338/full
  18. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test https://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1032&context=animalsci_facpub
  19. Ibid
  20. Healing With CBD, page 191. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  21. How to Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil for Dogs https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/talk-veterinarian-cbd-oil/
  22. Pharmacokinetics of cannabidiol administered by 3 delivery methods at 2 different dosages to healthy dogs
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6038832/#b14-cjvr_07_178
  23. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test
    https://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1032&context=animalsci_facpub
  24. Randomized, placebo-controlled, 28-day safety and pharmacokinetics evaluation of repeated oral cannabidiol administration in healthy dogs https://avmajournals.avma.org/view/journals/ajvr/82/5/ajvr.82.5.405.xml
  25. Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/10/832
  26. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  27. A Report of Adverse Effects Associated With the Administration of Cannabidiol in Healthy Dogs https://downloads.tripawds.com/files/2020/01/AHVMA-2018-V52-CannabisAdverseEffects.pdf
  28. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis, page 308. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  29. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis, page 309. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  30. Does CBD Work for Dogs? https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/does-cbd-work-for-dogs/
  31. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis, page 317. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  32. Canine separation anxiety: strategies for treatment and management https://www.dovepress.com/canine-separation-anxiety-strategies-for-treatment-and-management-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-VMRR#ref29
  33. Cannabis sativa L. may reduce aggressive behaviour towards humans in shelter dogs https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-82439-2
  34. How to Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil for Dogs https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/talk-veterinarian-cbd-oil/
  35. Healing With CBD, page 205. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  36. Hemp Seed Oil Propertiesnhttps://extension.okstate.edu/fact-sheets/hemp-seed-oil-properties.html
  37. Chamomile https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/chamomile
  38. Can My Dog Eat These Human Superfoods?nhttps://www.akc.org/expert-advice/nutrition/can-my-dog-eat-these-human-superfoods/
  39. Canine separation anxiety: strategies for treatment and management https://www.dovepress.com/canine-separation-anxiety-strategies-for-treatment-and-management-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-VMRR#ref29
  40. Effects of dietary flaxseed and sunflower seed supplementation on normal canine serum polyunsaturated fatty acids and skin and hair coat condition scores https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-3164.2001.00234.x
  41. Can Glucosamine for Dogs Help Treat Arthritis and Joint Pain? https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/glucosamine-dogs-arthritis-joint-pain/
  42. Pain and Problem Behavior in Cats and Dogs https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/10/2/318/htm#B54-animals-10-00318
  43. Chondroitin https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/chondroiti
  44. Pain and Problem Behavior in Cats and Dogs https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/10/2/318/htm#B54-animals-10-00318
  45. A randomized, double-blind, prospective, placebo-controlled study of the efficacy of a diet supplemented with curcuminoids extract, hydrolyzed collagen and green tea extract in owner’s dogs with osteoarthritis https://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-017-1317-8
  46. Dogs with noise sensitivity should be routinely assessed for pain by vets https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180320100719.htm
  47. Tryptophan metabolism in animals: important roles in nutrition and health https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21196377/
  48. The effect of graded concentrations of dietary tryptophan on canine behavior in response to the approach of a familiar or unfamiliar individual https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6168022/
  49. Effect of l-theanine tablets in reducing stress-related emotional signs in cats: an open-label field study https://irishvetjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13620-018-0130-4
  50. Legal marijuana use in Colorado https://cannabis.colorado.gov/legal-marijuana-use-in-colorado
  51. Nevada veterinarians can treat patients with certain cannabis products https://www.avma.org/javma-news/2021-10-01/nevada-veterinarians-can-treat-patients-certain-cannabis-products
  52. Cannabis is still illegal for use in veterinary medicine in California. http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/vet/CannabisAndPets.htm
  53. Ibid
  54. Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/
  55. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2020.569565/full
  56. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  57. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test https://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1032&context=animalsci_facpub
  58. Ibid
  59. Ibid
  60. Ibid
  61. Trazodone https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/trazodone
  62. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test https://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1032&context=animalsci_facpub
  63. Ibid
  64. FAQs about CBD Use in Pets https://www.aspcapro.org/resource/faqs-about-cbd-use-pets
  65. Ibid
  66. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test https://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1032&context=animalsci_facpub
  67. Randomized, placebo-controlled, 28-day safety and pharmacokinetics evaluation of repeated oral cannabidiol administration in healthy dogs https://avmajournals.avma.org/view/journals/ajvr/82/5/ajvr.82.5.405.xml
  68. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  69. How to Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil for Dogs https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/talk-veterinarian-cbd-oil/
  70. Nevada veterinarians can treat patients with certain cannabis products https://www.avma.org/javma-news/2021-10-01/nevada-veterinarians-can-treat-patients-certain-cannabis-products
  71. Randomized, placebo-controlled, 28-day safety and pharmacokinetics evaluation of repeated oral cannabidiol administration in healthy dogs https://avmajournals.avma.org/view/journals/ajvr/82/5/ajvr.82.5.405.xml
  72. FAQs about CBD Use in Pets https://www.aspcapro.org/resource/faqs-about-cbd-use-pets
  73. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6770351/
  74. Should You Try CBD for Your Pet? https://www.consumerreports.org/cbd/should-you-try-cbd-for-your-pet/

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