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Best CBD Treats for Dogs

Interested in giving your dog CBD to help improve its health yet clueless on which products to try? Check out our list of recommended CBD dog treats and review the pros and the cons of CBD to help you find the best CBD dog treats for your fur baby.

Best Organic Dog Treats For Stress and Anxiety

HolistaPet CBD Dog Treats Stress and Anxiety Relief

Best CBD Purity

King Kanine King Kalm Crunch CBD Pet Treats

Best for Dog Mobility

Honest Paws Mobility - Soft Chews

Best Bow Chow

cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Treats for Dogs

Best Organic Treats

Honest Paws Calm - Soft Chews

Rating
4.1 out of 5

3.9 out of 5

3.7 out of 5

3.4 out of 5

3.7 out of 5
Highlights
  1. Has L-Theanine and Chamomile that decreases the tension in your pets
  2. Contains calming herbs and other superfoods
  3. Ideal for uneasy, stressed and fearful dogs
  1. Comes in different flavours
  2. Contains 3-4 mg CBD in every treat
  3. Perfect treats for your fur babies
  1. Improves your pet’s well-being
  2. Increases your pet’s versatility
  3. For maturing pets that are mobility-challenged
  1. Has no meat
  2. No additives used
  3. Uses hemp produced from organic farming
  1. Full Spectrum
  2. Combines CBD and other beneficial ingredients
  3. Promotes healthy brain and good behaviour in your pets

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Compare the Best CBD Treats for Dogs in 2021

Product Potency Purity Customer Service Type Extraction Transparency Absorption
HolistaPet CBD Dog Treats Stress and Anxiety Relief
4.1 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
King Kanine King Kalm Crunch CBD Pet Treats
3.9 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
Honest Paws Mobility - Soft Chews
3.7 out of 5

1.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5
cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Treats for Dogs
3.4 out of 5

1.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5
Honest Paws Calm - Soft Chews
3.7 out of 5

1.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

Best CBD Treats for Dogs

1. HolistaPet CBD Dog Treats Stress and Anxiety Relief
cbdc overall score
4.1
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pro's Con's
 Enhanced with other beneficial ingredients  A little bit pricey compared to other brands
 Contains Superfoods
 Has 30-day money back guarantee
Pro's
 Enhanced with other beneficial ingredients
 Contains Superfoods
 Has 30-day money back guarantee
Con's
 A little bit pricey compared to other brands
Overview

Enhanced with L-Theanine and Chamomile to expand alpha wave age and lower your pet’s tension. These extraordinary flavors and calming herbs are joined with other key superfoods like Hemp Seed Powder and Pure CBD Oil to enable your canine to keep up quiet energy and a tranquil loosened up state in any unpleasant or frightening circumstance. This equation is ideal for pets who experience the ill effects of uneasiness, stress and fears.

2. King Kanine King Kalm Crunch CBD Pet Treats
cbdc overall score
3.9
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pro's Con's
 Free shipping on orders $100 and up  Incomplete information on their website
 Free of gluten, pesticides, and solvents
Pro's
 Free shipping on orders $100 and up
 Free of gluten, pesticides, and solvents
Con's
 Incomplete information on their website
Overview

King Kanine’s King Kalm Crunch are the perfect treats for your fur-babies because aside from providing health and wellness, it also comes in different flavors for different palates. Each 80z bag has approximately 40 treats and each treat has 3-4mg of CBD.

3. Honest Paws Mobility – Soft Chews
cbdc overall score
3.7
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pro's Con's
 Product offering is extensive  Most products were not tested for solvents or mycotoxins
 Products are made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp  Limited information on the company
 30-day money-back guarantee  Available in the US only
 Free shipping for orders over $49.95
 Expedited delivery option is available
Pro's
 Product offering is extensive
 Products are made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp
 30-day money-back guarantee
 Free shipping for orders over $49.95
 Expedited delivery option is available
Con's
 Most products were not tested for solvents or mycotoxins
 Limited information on the company
 Available in the US only
Overview

The Honest Paws Mobility line, as the name proposes, upholds your pet’s versatility. All the more explicitly, it upgrades your pet’s joint wellbeing so they can move about more openly. This line is extraordinary for maturing pets that are having a harder time getting around.

4. cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Treats for Dogs
cbdc overall score
3.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pro's Con's
 One of the few companies that offer CBD Oil for horses  Low terpene and cannabinoid profile
 Same CBD Oil benefits as for humans
 No THC Animal-specific products (dogs, cats, horses)
 Made from premium CBD from non-GMO USA hemp
Pro's
 One of the few companies that offer CBD Oil for horses
 Same CBD Oil benefits as for humans
 No THC Animal-specific products (dogs, cats, horses)
 Made from premium CBD from non-GMO USA hemp
Con's
 Low terpene and cannabinoid profile
Overview

These treats are made with no meat or unnecessary additives, combined with the powerful properties of CBD derived from U.S. hemp that has been grown with organic farming methods.

5. Honest Paws Calm – Soft Chews
cbdc overall score
3.7
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pro's Con's
 Made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp  Available in the US only
 30-day money-back guarantee  Limited information on the company
 Free shipping for orders over $49.95
 Expedited delivery option is available
Pro's
 Made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp
 30-day money-back guarantee
 Free shipping for orders over $49.95
 Expedited delivery option is available
Con's
 Available in the US only
 Limited information on the company
Overview

Full-spectrum hemp oil soft chew that combines naturally occurring CBD with a variety of ingredients to promote better behavior and healthy brain function in pets.

How Does CBD Help Dogs?

Cannabidiol (CBD) works by interacting with the dogs’ endocannabinoid system (ECS) to help provide therapeutic relief for osteoarthritis and chronic pain(1). Almost all animals, except insects, have an ECS(2).

The ECS maintains homeostasis or balance within the body and regulates humans and animals’ daily bodily functions. The ECS also modulates the body’s active immune system response, pain management, motor function, and metabolism(3).

Cannabinoid receptors are found throughout the ECS and body. These receptors may be stimulated by endocannabinoids (cannabinoids produced by the body)(4)

CBD, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and other phytocannabinoids (plant-based cannabinoids) found in cannabis also interact with the receptors in the ECS.

THC is the primary psychoactive phytocannabinoid in cannabis plants. xUnlike CBD, THC causes psychological or mind-altering effects. It is the compound that causes marijuana users to feel high.

The two main ECS receptors are the CB1 and CB2 receptors.

CB1 receptors are most abundant in the brain and central nervous system(5). These receptors influence pain sensation, memory processing, sleep patterns, motor regulation, and appetite(6).

Additionally, CB1 receptors are the ECS receptors that interact with THC and induce a euphoric high among marijuana or cannabis users(7).

A 2019 review published in the journal Animals noted a difference in the location of CB1 receptors in a dog’s body compared to humans(8).

According to the review, studies showed that dogs have more CB1 receptors in their hindbrain structures or lower parts of the brain, such as the cerebellum and brain stem(9)

Meanwhile, CB2 receptors are primarily concentrated in the immune system. When activated, these receptors trigger an anti-inflammatory response that may help treat arthritis, inflammatory bowel syndrome, and other inflammation-related health issues(10).

A 2018 study in PLOS One showed that stimulating CB2 receptors may help treat inflammatory central nervous system diseases in dogs, particularly steroid-responsive meningitis-arteritis(SRMA)(11)

SRMA is a common inflammatory neurological condition in dogs, especially among the golden retriever and wirehaired pointing griffon breeds(12)

Although CBD shows promising therapeutic effects, findings regarding its benefits remain inconclusive, with researchers calling for more studies on the substance to be conducted.

Moreover, CBD is not an approved medication by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)(13).

Pet owners interested in using CBD oil for dogs or CBD dog treats are advised to always get advice from a veterinarian before giving their dogs CBD.

Benefits of CBD Treats for Dogs

There has yet to be any definitive scientific data on the medical health benefits of CBD for dogs. 

However, available studies and anecdotal accounts show that CBD oil for dogs may help provide therapeutic relief for different conditions and promote overall wellness in these animals.

Arthritis and Chronic Pain

Osteoarthritis is a common progressive disease among older dogs and larger canine breeds(14). The condition is characterized by joint pain and decreased range of motion.

There is no known cure for osteoarthritis, though glucosamine and chondroitin are commonly prescribed for dogs to help lessen inflammation and improve joint health(15). However, taking glucosamine may result in some side effects, like fatigue, insomnia, and excessive thirst(16).

According to a 2018 study published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science, CBD may help decrease pain in dogs with osteoarthritis(17). The researchers did not note any adverse effects. 

The researchers administered 2 mg of CBD oil for dogs per kilogram of the dog’s body weight. The pet CBD oil was given twice a day for four weeks before the dogs’ feeding.

Findings showed that the use of CBD helped lower pain during the treatment(18). A veterinarian evaluated the dogs before and after the CBD treatments to check the dogs’ pain levels.

The veterinary pain evaluations were favorable towards the CBD oil treatments, with the veterinarian noting a decrease in pain scores upon CBD administration to the dogs(19).

Moreover, the researchers did not see any negative effects on any of the dogs’ health during the month of taking pet CBD oil(20). The researchers also reported that CBD oil for dogs helped boost comfort and increase movement in dogs with osteoarthritis(21).

Epilepsy and Seizures

Meanwhile, the results of a study published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association indicated that oral CBD intake may help dogs with idiopathic epilepsy(22).

Idiopathic epilepsy is a neurological condition that affects up to 5.7% of pet dogs worldwide(23). The cause of idiopathic epilepsy is still unknown, though it may be inherited or genetic(24).

The dogs involved in the study received 2.5mg of CBD oil per kilogram of body weight each day for 12 weeks.

The researchers noted more than or equal to a 50% reduction in seizure activity among the dogs that took CBD oil(25). Additionally, according to the dog owners, the dogs did not display any adverse side effects(26).

Anxiety and Fear

A separate study observed that dogs with idiopathic epilepsy may be more likely to develop or have a higher degree of anxiety and fear(27).

Dogs may also develop anxiety from fear caused by loud noises, like thunderstorms or fireworks(28). Separation anxiety is also fairly prevalent, affecting almost 14% of dogs(29).

Administering CBD may also help address anxiety-related behaviors and improve a dog’s health.

Animal studies suggest that CBD may offer therapeutic benefits for treating generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder(30). In particular, giving low CBD doses of 10mg/kg of the user’s body weight resulted in greater anxiety relief than high doses(31).

Cardiovascular Disorders

Animal studies also showed limited evidence of CBD’s therapeutic potential for heart & immune care.

A review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology examined CBD’s effects on cardiovascular disorders, including diabetes, stroke, and myocardial infarction or heart attack(32).

Dogs get from heart diseases, similar to humans. Heart failure due to valvular disease or heart valve complications is a common cause of death among small dogs(33).

Dogs may also suffer from stroke, although it is less frequent than stroke in humans(34)

The findings indicated that CBD may play a protective role in reducing ischaemic or restricted blood flow damage in stroke(35).

The review also noted that CBD treatments helped decrease cardiac dysfunction or heart failure in diabetic animal test subjects(36).

Diabetes is a common human disease that may occur in dogs, particularly middle-aged and senior canines(37). Certain dog breeds, like pugs and beagles, may have a higher risk of developing diabetes.

CBD also has therapeutic potential for diabetes complications, according to a separate study. The researchers noted that the ECS may influence diabetes-induced oxidative stress and inflammation.

These conditions, in turn, may lead to tissue and internal organ injury and diabetic complications. CBD’s interaction with ECS receptors and its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects may help address these issues.

Despite all these promising therapeutic benefits, pet owners should remember that studies on CBD’s effects are not yet conclusive, nor is CBD an approved medical drug(38).

The FDA has not approved any use of CBD for animals(39). The FDA also prohibits the sale of any food products, including animal feed, that contain CBD(40).

Additionally, the American Kennel Club highly recommends pet owners to always consult a veterinarian before giving CBD dog treats or CBD oil to help with their pet’s health.

Side Effects of CBD Treats for Dogs 

Existing studies observed minimal to no side effects when dogs were given CBD soft chews or CBD oil.

A 2019 study in the journal Animals noted that ingesting 2mg of CBD per kilogram of the dog’s body weight did not result in any major side effects(41).

However, the researchers observed occasional loose stool or diarrhea and vomiting among the dogs who were given CBD(42). The dogs’ weight, appetite, and food consumption were consistent for the duration of the study.

However, dog owners are cautioned from giving their pets too much CBD treats. These CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC, leading to mild THC toxicity(43).

Canines have more CB1 receptors in their hindbrain region than humans(44). CB1 receptors are the ECS receptors that mainly interact with THC, the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis plants.

The abundance of CB1 receptors in dogs’ brains may explain their susceptibility to static ataxia (inability to maintain balance when in a fixed position) in response to THC(45).

THC intoxication may also cause mild sedation and urinary incontinence (involuntary urination)(46).

Pet owners may lower the chances of their pet getting mild THC intoxication by choosing THC-free CBD treats.

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) also warns pet owners that when taken in large amounts, soft chews may have an osmotic effect or pull fluids from the body into the gastrointestinal tract(47).

The large intake of soft pet chews may cause diarrhea, dehydration, and, in severe cases, hyperglycemia or high blood sugar levels(48).

Moreover, pet owners are advised to carefully check the ingredients of the CBD treats or chews they buy to avoid ingredients that may be dangerous or fatal for dogs.

Flavored formulations of pet CBD treats and CBD oils may encourage dogs to take CBD, though certain flavors may not be advisable for canines, like pumpkin spice.

Pumpkin is not toxic for dogs and may sometimes help with dog diarrhea(49). However, other ingredients in pumpkin spice, like cinnamon and nutmeg, may not be suitable for dogs.

Cinnamon may cause mild stomach upset or throat irritation(50). Nutmeg is also linked to vomiting and agitation among pets(51).

Can a Dog Overdose on CBD Treats?  

The American Kennel Club has stated that high doses of CBD may cause low blood pressure and drowsiness in dogs(52).

Moreover, mild THC toxicity in dogs may result from eating too many dog biscuits or pet chews made with full-spectrum CBD oil, as warned by the ASPCA(53).

Full-spectrum CBD may contain up to 0.3% THC. The trace amounts of THC in CBD products may accumulate and potentially cause toxicity if dogs ingest a large amount of CBD treats or oil.

Symptoms of THC intoxication may occur within one to three hours of ingesting too much CBD treats that contain THC(54). Symptoms may also take up to 12 hours to manifest(55).

A study suggested that dogs may be more susceptible to THC intoxication and balance issues compared to humans due to the abundance of CB1 receptors in their brains(56). Small and young dogs may also be more sensitive to THC due to their size.

CBD Dosage Recommendation for Dogs

Research on the safety of oral CBD supplementation for pets showed that taking 2mg of CBD per kilogram of a dog’s body weight is well-tolerated(57).

The dogs that participated in the study received pet CBD soft chews twice a day (4mg/kg of body weight per day) on an empty stomach(58).

A different study on CBD’s potential therapeutic benefits for dog osteoarthritis also reported no observable side effects after giving the dog participants 2mg of CBD oil per kg of body weight twice daily(59).

Pet owners may give the CBD treats directly to their pets or mix these treats with other dog-friendly snacks, such as peanut butter or green apples. Mixing CBD with the dogs’ preferred snacks may help ensure that they take the CBD treats or tinctures.

CBD is mostly unregulated and is not FDA-approved as a health medication(60). Thus, there is no standard dosing recommendation issued by any recognized veterinary or federal authority.

Experienced CBD users, other pet owners, and various pet care blogs and businesses recommend starting with a low CBD dosage and adjusting the amount of CBD given based on its effectiveness and the pet’s health needs.

Dog owners may approach their veterinarian and ask about the appropriate CBD dosage for their pets.

However, take note that according to the American Veterinary Medical Association, “under current federal and state law, veterinarians may not administer, dispense, prescribe or recommend cannabis or its products for animals(61).”

How Soon Can CBD’s Effects Be Felt?

The speed at which dogs feel the effects of pet CBD and how long CBD’s effects last depend on the method of delivery or administration, the potency of the product, and the dog’s health condition.

Research on CBD for dogs is still lacking, and most studies and accounts on how soon CBD’s effects have been conducted on humans. Although dogs have an ECS similar to humans, canine size and biology are different.

Orally taken CBD products may have a delayed onset or start of effect of one to two hours in humans(62).

The effects of CBD may start sooner for dogs due to their smaller size. Some anecdotal pet owner stories stated that CBD worked within 30 to 60 minutes for their dogs. 

A study that sought to assess hemp-based CBD products’ safety suggested that CBD may last up to eight hours in a dog’s body(63)

It may also take longer to see any positive therapeutic effects of CBD for dogs with serious medical conditions. Researchers noted that dogs given CBD to help with osteoarthritis symptoms showed improvements in activity and pain scores after two weeks of treatment(64).

How to Buy the Best CBD Products

There is no “one size fits all” answer when looking for the highest-quality CBD product for your dog. The best CBD product for one dog may not work the same way for another dog, more so if the dogs are of different breeds.

Here are some tips for choosing the best CBD oil and treats for dogs:

  • Check the ingredients used.

      • Choose high-quality CBD pet products made from non-genetically modified (non-GMO) and organic hemp. 
      • Look for CBD treats that use organic ingredients. Organically grown hemp and other organic ingredients are free from harmful pesticides and chemical fertilizers.
      • Choose products made with natural ingredients and contain no preservatives.
      • Buy gluten-free CBD products to avoid possible grain allergy reactions.
      • Choose CBD edibles and oils specially formulated for dogs, rather than CBD products for humans, for optimal pet health and safety.
      • For instance, xylitol (an artificial sweetener) and grapeseed oil are potentially toxic for dogs, though these may be used in human CBD products(65).
      • Look for additional ingredients and minerals that offer therapeutic benefits, such as chamomile, l-theanine, and passionflower for separation anxiety issues(66). Turmeric or curcumin may also help with osteoarthritic pain and inflammation(67).
  • Choose THC-free CBD for dogs.

      • Dogs may be more susceptible to THC toxicity, according to a study(68). Buy treats or tinctures made with broad-spectrum CBD to ensure that the product does not contain any THC.
      • Broad-spectrum products contain a wide range of cannabinoids and terpenes (aromatic compounds). A study hypothesized that combining cannabinoids and terpenes may still cause the entourage effect, even without THC(69).
      • The entourage effect occurs when the different cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds enhance each other’s effects for greater therapeutic relief.
      • You may also buy CBD treats made with pure CBD isolates as an alternative.
  • Look at the overall brand transparency.

    • Trustworthy CBD brands and products are transparent towards their customers, especially regarding their hemp sourcing, the extraction process, and product testing.
    • Always look for third-party lab test results or certificates of analysis. As CBD is still mostly unregulated, lab test results can help you verify the brand’s claims about their product’s potency and safety.
    • Choose CBD brands that do not make any unsubstantiated health claims. CBD is not an approved FDA drug, nor is it a proven medical treatment for any condition. 
    • Ensure the products pass tests for contaminants, such as heavy metals, solvents, microbials, and toxins.
    • Research and check the online brand and product reviews. If possible, buy from CBD brands with good reputations, such as Honest Paws, Holistapet, Joy Organics, and Fab CBD.

Legality of CBD

CBD products derived from hemp plants are legal at the federal level(70).

CBD was federally legalized in the United States through the 2018 Farm Bill or the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018(71)

This law differentiated the two varieties of Cannabis sativa plants. According to the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp plants are Cannabis sativa plants, and any part or derivative of it, that contain less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis(72).

Meanwhile, marijuana is defined as any cannabis plant, derivative, or product whose THC content exceeds the established 0.3% limit. 

The 2018 Farm Bill also removed industrial hemp from the federal list of banned substances(73).

Before the 2018 Farm Bill, marijuana plants were classified as Schedule I substances under the 1970 Controlled Substances Act(74). Back then, both cannabis plant varieties were considered illegal across the USA.

Now, only marijuana remains a restricted substance, while industrial hemp plants may be cultivated, processed, manufactured, handled, and sold(75). The law also states that hemp derivatives, like CBD oil and hemp seed powder, may be legally manufactured and sold(76).

However, CBD still lacks regulatory approval as a medical product from the FDA. Additionally, the FDA does not allow companies and retailers to market CBD products using unproven medical claims that may place consumers at risk(77).

As of December 2020, the FDA has only approved one CBD-based drug, Epidiolex, as a treatment for seizures related to rare forms of epilepsy(78).

The FDA also retains the authority to regulate cannabis and cannabis-derived compounds, including CBD(79). The agency prohibits the sale of human and animal food products that contain CBD as a food additive(80).

This rule may cause issues for consumers looking to buy CBD pet treats and chews. 

Moreover, the FDA has not issued any approval for CBD use in animals(81). The agency advises pet owners to consult a veterinarian regarding the treatment options for their pets.

Laws regarding CBD use and sale continue to evolve quickly, so pet owners interested in CBD treats are also advised to read up on their state laws concerning CBD use in food to avoid potential legal problems.

Despite its legality at the federal level, CBD use still faces stricter rules and regulations in some states.

For instance, South Carolina abides by the FDA’s restrictions and does not permit the sale of food and beverages that contain pure CBD isolates(82).

However, the state allows full-spectrum hemp extracts and products marketed as hemp oil (rather than CBD oil) to be used as additives in human and animal food or drink(83).

Washington is another state that does not permit the sale of CBD-infused food and beverages(84). New York also does not allow CBD in foods and drinks, though the state recently proposed regulations to change that(85).

Meanwhile, Colorado allows the manufacture and retail of CBD-infused food and drinks(86). Colorado also does not have any age restrictions regarding the purchase of hemp-derived CBD products, unless the product is added to a controlled substance, like alcohol(87).

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How does CBD help dogs?

    Similar to humans, dogs have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that helps regulate daily body functions, including pain sensation, anti-inflammatory response, and motor control(88).

    CBD interacts with the dogs’ ECS to offer therapeutic relief for multiple health issues, particularly for chronic pain and inflammation(89).

  • Is CBD safe for dogs?

    CBD is generally safe for dogs. Dogs can safely ingest 2mg of CBD per kilogram of body weight up to two times per day without any major adverse effects(90).

    Moreover, researchers noted that dogs may safely take CBD dog treats or chews even on an empty stomach and up to eight hours before the dogs’ next meal(91).

  • What evidence or research exists to say that CBD helps dogs?

    A study published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science noted that twice-daily CBD oil treatments helped decrease pain and boost overall comfort and activity in dogs with osteoarthritis(92).

    Another study conducted in 2019 reported that CBD showed promise in reducing seizure frequency among dogs with intractable seizure epilepsy (treatment-resistant seizures)(93).

  • Is there any evidence that CBD can worsen dog conditions?

    Research and clinical trials on CBD for dogs have yet to offer conclusive evidence. However, the available findings suggested no significant adverse effects from moderate CBD intake in dogs(94).

    Dog owners are encouraged to consult a veterinarian and exercise caution before giving CBD treats to their furry friends.

  • Do CBD dog treats have any potential side effects?

    Some studies noted that CBD may potentially cause minimal side effects in dogs, such as loose stool or diarrhea and vomiting(95).

    Excessive CBD dog treats containing trace amounts of THC may also cause mild THC toxicity(96). Low blood pressure and drowsiness may also result from ingesting too much CBD(97).

  • Will CBD interact with any current medication for dogs?

    The ASPCA warns that CBD inhibits cytochrome P450, an enzyme vital in metabolizing other medications(98). Taking CBD may warrant adjusting the dosage of anticonvulsants.

    Additionally, research has shown that CBD may interact with anticoagulants or blood thinners, such as warfarin(99).

  • Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help dogs?

    Superfoods or nutrient-rich foods may help boost dogs’ overall health and wellness. Examples of superfoods safe for dogs are blueberries and coconut oil(100). Flaxseed may also help improve dogs’ hair coat and skin(101).

    You may also give dietary supplements to dogs, such as l-theanine, to calm them down, especially during thunderstorms(102). Just like humans, your doggy may also benefit from taking glucosamine for better joint health(103)

  • What is the recommended CBD dosage for dogs?

    Two separate studies noted that giving 2 mg of CBD per kilogram of a dog’s body weight is safely tolerated and may help improve comfort and activity in dogs with chronic pain(104).

    Using this as a guide, you may give a small 10kg dog up to two 5mg CBD pet treats or 10 pet treats with 2mg of CBD.

    Note that there are no official recommendations to direct pet owners on how much CBD dogs can be safely given as CBD is still not an FDA-approved drug(105).

    The FDA cautions pet owners that CBD is not approved for pet use and advises owners to speak with their veterinarian regarding other treatment options for their pets(106).

  • Can a dog overdose on CBD pet treats?

    The American Kennel Club notes that high doses of CBD may lead to a drop in blood pressure and cause light-headedness or drowsiness(107).

    Additionally, ingesting too much full-spectrum CBD oil and pet treats, which may have up to 0.3% THC, can potentially cause mild THC toxicity in pets, according to ASPCA(108).


  1. Gamble, L. J., Boesch, J. M., Frye, C. W., Schwark, W. S., Mann, S., Wolfe, L., Brown, H., Berthelsen, E. S., & Wakshlag, J. J. (2018). Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Frontiers in veterinary science, 5, 165. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00165 
  2. Silver, R. J. (2019). The Endocannabinoid System of Animals. Animals : an open access journal from MDPI, 9(9), 686. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9090686
  3. ECHO. (2017, April 18). A Look at the Endocannabinoid System’s CB1 and CB2 Receptors. Retrieved from https://echoconnection.org/look-endocannabinoid-systems-cb1-cb2-receptors/ 
  4. Ibid.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Silver, R. J. (2019). Op. cit.
  9. Ibid.
  10. ECHO. (2017, April 18). Op. cit.
  11. Freundt-Revilla, J., Heinrich, F., Zoerner, A., Gesell, F., Beyerbach, M., Shamir, M., Oevermann, A., Baumgärtner, W., & Tipold, A. (2018). The endocannabinoid system in canine Steroid-Responsive Meningitis-Arteritis and Intraspinal Spirocercosis. PloS one, 13(2), e0187197. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187197
  12. Lau, J., Nettifee, J. A., Early, P. J., Mariani, C. L., Olby, N. J., & Muñana, K. R. (2019). Clinical characteristics, breed differences, and quality of life in North American dogs with acute steroid-responsive meningitis-arteritis. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 33(4), 1719–1727. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15543
  13. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, Oct. 1). FDA regulation of cannabis and cannabis-derived products, including cannabidiol (CBD). https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd 
  14. Racine, E. (2019, July 22). Osteoarthritis in Dogs – Signs and Treatment. American Kennel Club. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/osteoarthritis-signs-treatment/
  15. Ibid.
  16. American Kennel Club. (2019, Sept. 27). Can Glucosamine Help Treat Arthritis and Joint Pain in Dogs? Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/glucosamine-for-dogs-to-treat-arthritis-joint-pain/
  17. Gamble, L. J., Boesch, J. M., Frye, et. al. (2018). Op. cit.
  18. Ibid.
  19. Ibid.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Ibid.
  22. McGrath, S., Bartner, L. R., Rao, S., Packer, R. A., & Gustafson, D. L. (2019). Randomized blinded controlled clinical trial to assess the effect of oral cannabidiol administration in addition to conventional antiepileptic treatment on seizure frequency in dogs with intractable idiopathic epilepsy. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 254(11), 1301–1308. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.254.11.1301 
  23. Colorado State University. (2019, May 21). CBD clinical trial results on seizure frequency in dogs ‘encouraging’. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 17, 2020 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190521101450.htm 
  24. American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation. Understanding Canine Epilepsy. Retrieved from https://www.akcchf.org/canine-health/top-health-concerns/epilepsy/understanding-canine-epilepsy.html 
  25. McGrath, S., Bartner, L. R., Rao, S., Packer, R. A., & Gustafson, D. L. (2019). Op. cit.
  26. McGrath, S., Bartner, L. R., Rao, S., Packer, R. A., & Gustafson, D. L. (2019). Op. cit.
  27. Levitin, H., Hague, D. W., Ballantyne, K. C., & Selmic, L. E. (2019). Behavioral Changes in Dogs With Idiopathic Epilepsy Compared to Other Medical Populations. Frontiers in veterinary science, 6, 396. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2019.00396 
  28. Kriss, R. (2019, May 14). Understanding, Preventing, and Treating Dog Anxiety. American Kennel Club. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/treating-dog-anxiety/
  29. Ibid.
  30. Blessing, E. M., Steenkamp, M. M., Manzanares, J., & Marmar, C. R. (2015). Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, 12(4), 825–836. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1
  31. Ibid.
  32. Stanley, C. P., Hind, W. H., & O’Sullivan, S. E. (2013). Is the cardiovascular system a therapeutic target for cannabidiol?. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 75(2), 313–322. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04351.x
  33. Traverse, T. (2020, Jan. 23). Valvular Disease in Small Breed Dogs. American Kennel Club. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/valvular-disease-in-small-breed-dogs/ 
  34. American Animal Hospital Association. How Can I Tell If My Pet Has Had a Stroke?. Retrieved from https://www.aaha.org/your-pet/pet-owner-education/ask-aaha/strokes-in-dogs/ 
  35. Stanley, C. P., Hind, W. H., & O’Sullivan, S. E. (2013). Op. cit.
  36. Ibid.
  37. American Kennel Club. (2016, Feb. 8). Diabetes in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/diabetes-in-dogs/ 
  38. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, Oct. 1). Op. cit.
  39. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, March 5). What You Need to Know (And What We’re Working to Find Out) About Products Containing Cannabis or Cannabis-derived Compounds, Including CBD. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/what-you-need-know-and-what-were-working-find-out-about-products-containing-cannabis-or-cannabis 
  40. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, Oct. 1). Op. cit.
  41. Deabold, K. A., Schwark, W. S., Wolf, L., & Wakshlag, J. J. (2019). Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats. Animals : an open access journal from MDPI, 9(10), 832. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9100832
  42. Ibid.
  43. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. FAQs about CBD Use in Pets. Retrieved from https://www.aspcapro.org/resource/faqs-about-cbd-use-pets 
  44. Silver, R. J. (2019). Op. cit.
  45. Ibid.
  46. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. FAQs about CBD Use in Pets. Op. cit.
  47. Ibid.
  48. Ibid.
  49. Burke, A. (2017, April 12). Can Pumpkin Help With Dog Diarrhea?. American Kennel Club. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/can-pumpkin-help-with-dog-diarrhea/ 
  50. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. (2020, Nov. 13). When Pumpkin Spice is Not Sot Nice. Retrieved from https://www.aspca.org/news/when-pumpkin-spice-not-so-nice
  51. Ibid.
  52. American Kennel Club. (2020, Oct. 29). CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/ 
  53. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. FAQs about CBD Use in Pets. Op. cit.
  54. Arford, K. (2020, Oct. 12). What to Know About Canine CBD in 2020. American Kennel Club. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/know-canine-cbd-2020/
  55. Ibid.
  56. Silver, R. J. (2019). Op. cit.
  57. Deabold, K. A., Schwark, W. S., Wolf, L., & Wakshlag, J. J. (2019). Op. cit.
  58. Ibid.
  59. Gamble, L. J., Boesch, J. M., Frye, et. al. (2018). Op. cit.
  60. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, Oct. 1). Op. cit.
  61. Burke, A. (2018, Oct. 17). How to Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil. American Kennel Club. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/talk-veterinarian-cbd-oil/ 
  62. Devitt-Lee, A. What is the best way to take CBD? Project CBD. Retrieved from https://www.projectcbd.org/how-to/use-cbd-and-cannabis 
  63. Deabold, K. A., Schwark, W. S., Wolf, L., & Wakshlag, J. J. (2019). Op. cit.
  64. Gamble, L. J., Boesch, J. M., Frye, et. al. (2018). Op. cit.
  65. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. People Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Pets. Retrieved from https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/people-foods-avoid-feeding-your-pets
  66. American Kennel Club. (2015, March 23). The Comings and Goings of Separation Anxiety. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/training/the-comings-and-goings-of-separation-anxiety/ 
  67. Comblain, F., Barthélémy, N., Lefèbvre, M., Schwartz, C., Lesponne, I., Serisier, S., Feugier, A., Balligand, M., & Henrotin, Y. (2017). A randomized, double-blind, prospective, placebo-controlled study of the efficacy of a diet supplemented with curcuminoids extract, hydrolyzed collagen and green tea extract in owner’s dogs with osteoarthritis. BMC veterinary research, 13(1), 395. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-017-1317-8 
  68. Silver, R. J. (2019). Op. cit.
  69. Ferber, S.G., Namdar, D., Hen-Shoval, D., Eger, G., Koltai, H., Shoval, G., Shbiro, L., Weller, A. (2020). The “Entourage Effect”: Terpenes Coupled with Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Mood Disorders and Anxiety Disorders. PubMed Central (PMC). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324885/ 
  70. Hudak, J. (2018, Dec. 14). The Farm Bill, hemp legalization and the status of CBD: An explainer. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2018/12/14/the-farm-bill-hemp-and-cbd-explainer/ 
  71. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, Oct. 1). Op. cit.
  72. Ibid.
  73. Hudak, J. (2018, Dec. 14). Op. cit.
  74. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, Oct. 1). Op. cit.
  75. Hudak, J. (2018, Dec. 14). Op. cit.
  76. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, Oct. 1). Op. cit.
  77. Ibid.
  78. Ibid.
  79. Ibid.
  80. Ibid.
  81. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, March 5). Op. cit.
  82. South Carolina Department of Agriculture. (18 July 2019). Hemp products in human food quick guide. https://agriculture.sc.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/HempCBDFoodGuide2019_V2.pdf
  83. Ibid.
  84. Washington State Department of Agriculture. Restrictions on the Use of Hemp CBD as a Food Ingredient. https://agr.wa.gov/departments/food-safety/food-safety/hemp-cbd-in-food
  85. New York State Governor. (2020, Oct. 28). Governor Cuomo Announces Proposed Regulations for Cannabinoid Hemp Products. https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/governor-cuomo-announces-proposed-regulations-cannabinoid-hemp-products
  86. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Hemp in food. Retrieved from https://cdphe.colorado.gov/hemp-food
  87. Ibid.
  88. ECHO. (2017, April 18). Op. cit.
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  90. Gamble, L. J., Boesch, J. M., Frye, et. al. (2018). Op. cit.
  91. Deabold, K. A., Schwark, W. S., Wolf, L., & Wakshlag, J. J. (2019). Op. cit.
  92. Gamble, L. J., Boesch, J. M., Frye, et. al. (2018). Op. cit.
  93. McGrath, S., Bartner, L. R., Rao, S., Packer, R. A., & Gustafson, D. L. (2019). Op. cit.
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  96. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Op. cit.
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  101. Rees, C. A., Bauer, J. E., Burkholder, W. J., Kennis, R. A., Dunbar, B. L., & Bigley, K. E. (2001). Effects of dietary flax seed and sunflower seed supplementation on normal canine serum polyunsaturated fatty acids and skin and hair coat condition scores. Veterinary dermatology, 12(2), 111–117. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3164.2001.00234.x 
  102. Pike, A. L., Horwitz, D. F., & Lopbrise, H. (2015, April 20). An open-label prospective study of the use of l-theanine (Anxitane) in storm-sensitive client-owned dogs. Journal of veterinary behavior, 10(4), 324-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2015.04.001 
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  105. Deabold, K. A., Schwark, W. S., Wolf, L., & Wakshlag, J. J. (2019). Op. cit.
  106. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2020, March 5). Op. cit.
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  108. American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Op. cit.

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