How Can CBD Be Beneficial for Dogs?

  • The endocannabinoid system (ECS), which regulates the functions of cannabinoids, works in the same way among all mammals, like humans and dogs(1). Thus, results may be similar when CBD is given to dogs.
  • CBD (cannabidiol) is used in dogs because of its anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, anti-anxiety impact, and possible anti-cancer benefits, says the American Kennel Club (AKC)’s Chief Veterinary Officer(2).
  • The first scientific research conducted on CBD oil use in pets is the 2017 Cornell University study, where CBD oil was given to dogs with osteoarthritis(3).
  • In the said 2017 study, some of the health issues thought to be relieved by the consumption of hemp-based CBD dog treats and products were: joint pain, inflammation, anxiety and phobia, digestive system issue, and pruritus (itching)(4).
  • Given that CBD shares metabolic pathways with anti-inflammatory drugs, it may also help with certain inflammatory conditions in dogs(5). However, there is still no definitive scientific data on using CBD to treat dogs(6).

Best CBD Oils For Dogs

Best Immunity Support for Dogs

Honest Paws Wellness Oil for Dogs

Helps calm nervous pets, relieve occasional aches and discomfort, and provide great comfort in life with virtually zero side effects.
  • Overall Clinical Score
    99%
    Best Immunity Support for Dogs
  • Score breakdown
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  • Summary

    A calming full-spectrum hemp oil that combines naturally occurring CBD with other ingredients for healthy immunity, calm moods, and a healthy brain.

    Pros
    Cons
    •  Product offering is extensive
    •  Products are made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp
    •  30-day money-back guarantee
    •  Free shipping for orders over $49.95
    •  Expedited delivery option is available
    •  Most products were not tested for solvents or mycotoxins
    •  Limited information on the company
    •  Available in the US only
  • Features
    Source
    Source of Hemp
    Colorado
    Form Oil Tincture
    Ingredients Organic full-spectrum hemp oil, ginger
    Type
    Type of CBD
    Full-spectrum
    Extraction
    Extraction Method
    CO2 extraction process
    How to take it 1 full dropper/day
    Potency
    Potency - CBD Per Bottle
    125mg per 30mL bottle - 1000mg per 30mL bottle
    Carrier Oil MCT Oil
    Concentration
    CBD Concentration Per Serving
    4.16mg - 33.33mg
    Drug Test The CBD concentrations of some Honest Paws products are higher than what is advertised
    Flavours None
    Price Range $39.95 - $99.95
    $/mg CBD
    Price ($/mg)
    $0.32 - $0.099
    Shipping
    Shipping/Time to delivery
    Shipping is available in the US only; free shipping for orders over $40
    Guarantee Items can be refunded within 30 days of order delivery
    Lab Tests
    Lab Testing Transparency
    Lab results available on the website
    Contaminants No microbial or heavy metal contaminants; not tested for solvents or mycotoxins
    Allergens Vegan, gluten-free, soy-free, corn-free
    Refund policy Items can be refunded within 30 days of order delivery
    Recommended for For Dogs Less Than 25 lbs.
    Countries served USA
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Best Overall

Spruce Dog CBD Oil 750mg

Dog-Friendly CBD Oil
Spruce Dog CBD Oil 750mg Bottle
  • Overall Clinical Score
    99%
    Best Overall
  • Score breakdown
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  • Summary

    Spruce’s dog-friendly CBD has been specially formulated for dogs. Instead of hemp seed oil for the carrier oil, the product contains coconut oil, which is generally easier on the digestion for dogs. The taste is also milder with no flavorings, making it more likely that dogs will eat it with their food.

    Using Spruce CBD for dogs is simple. All owners have to do is sprinkle the desired dose on the dog’s food at mealtime once or twice a day. Each dose should consist of about two to three drops per 20 pounds of dog weight.

    Pros
    Cons
    •  Same as human lab grade, full spectrum CBD oil
    •  Easier on Dog's digestion
    •  Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
    •  No other flavors
  • Features
    Discount pricing available? 20% Off Coupon Code: CBDCLINICALS
    Source
    Source of Hemp
    Kentucky, USA & North Carolina, USA
    Form Oil
    Ingredients Full Spectrum Organic CBD Oil, Organic Coconut MCT Oil
    Type
    Type of CBD
    Full Spectrum
    Extraction
    Extraction Method
    Moonshine extraction method
    How to take it Squirt 2 to 3 drops per 20lbs. of dog weight on the dog food one to two times per day. Picky eaters may need it stirred in, or covered with some food Up to 25lbs./11kg – 2 drops one to two times per day on the dog food 25-50lbs./11-23kg – 4 drops one to two times per day on the dog food 50-75lbs./23-34kg – 6 drops one to two times per day on the dog food Over 75lbs./34kg – 8+ drops one to two times per day on the dog food
    Potency
    Potency - CBD Per Bottle
    750 mg per bottle
    Carrier Oil Organic Coconut MCT Oil
    Concentration
    CBD Concentration Per Serving
    25mg of CBD per dropper full (1ml)
    Drug Test Not applicable
    Flavours Natural
    Price Range $89 ($75.65 for subscriptions, 15% discount from regular price)
    $/mg CBD
    Price ($/mg)
    $0.11 ($0.10/mg with subscription)
    Shipping
    Shipping/Time to delivery
    2-4 business days (first class USPS)
    Lab Tests
    Lab Testing Transparency
    Third Party Lab Tested post formulation for safety and potency, available on website
    Contaminants Organic, Non-GMO, no pesticides, no herbicides, no solvents or chemical fertilizers, No preservatives or sweeteners
    Allergens Contains tree nuts (Coconut)
    Refund policy Within 30 days
    Recommended for All dog breeds
    Countries served USA only (all 50 states)
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Most Natural

HolistaPet Full Spectrum CBD Oil for Dogs & Cats

We believe that all pets also deserve only the best and the highest quality in healthy ingredients.
  • Overall Clinical Score
    99%
    Most Natural
  • Score breakdown
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    HolistaPet CBD Oil only use all-natural, non-GMO organic & vegan ingredients and never put any wheat, animal by-products, cornmeal, artificial flavors or colors in any of the products.

    Pros
    Cons
    •  100% natural
    •  Formulated specifically for Pets
    •  Organic Superfoods +CBD
    •  A little bit pricey compared to other brands
  • Features
    Discount pricing available? 20% Off Coupon Code: CBDCLINICALS
    Source
    Source of Hemp
    Colorado, USA
    Form Oil Tincture
    Ingredients Hempseed Oil and CBD Oil (Cannabidiol)
    Type
    Type of CBD
    Full Spectrum
    Extraction
    Extraction Method
    CO2 Extraction
    How to take it Easily drop directly into mouth or in water/food
    Potency
    Potency - CBD Per Bottle
    150mg - 3000mg
    Carrier Oil Hempseed Oil
    Concentration
    CBD Concentration Per Serving
    5mg - 50mg
    Drug Test Not Applicable
    Flavours None
    Price Range $25.95 – $144.95
    $/mg CBD
    Price ($/mg)
    $0.04 - $0.17
    Shipping
    Shipping/Time to delivery
    Free Economy Shipping - 1 to 5 days; Priority Mail Shipping - 2 to 3 days
    Lab Tests
    Lab Testing Transparency
    Third Party Lab Tested post formulation for safety and potency, available on website
    Contaminants Pesticide-free
    Allergens Non-dairy, Non GMO and gluten free
    Refund policy Within 30 days
    Recommended for All cats/dogs sizes and breeds
    Countries served USA only (all 50 states)
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Best Organic

NuLeaf Naturals Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Pet Oil

Perfectly formulated CBD for Dogs, Cats, and other four-legged animals
NuLeaf Naturals Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Pet Oil
  • Overall Clinical Score
    99%
    Best Organic
  • Score breakdown
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  • Summary

    CBD for dogs, cats and other four-legged friends! Our product is concentrated to approximately 60mg cannabinoids per milliliter of oil. While this product is designed for pets, it’s great for humans, too.

    Pros
    Cons
    •  Pure CBD hemp
    •  All natural
    •  No other flavors
  • Features
    Discount pricing available? CBDCLINICALS20
    Source
    Source of Hemp
    Colorado, USA
    Form Oil Tincture
    Ingredients USDA Certified Organic Hemp Oil, Full Spectrum Hemp Extract
    Type
    Type of CBD
    Full Spectrum CBD
    Extraction
    Extraction Method
    CO2 Method
    How to take it 2-3 drops per 20lbs
    Potency
    Potency - CBD Per Bottle
    300mg - 900mg
    Carrier Oil Organic Hemp Oil
    Concentration
    CBD Concentration Per Serving
    60ml per dropper full (1ml)
    Drug Test Not applicable
    Flavours Natural
    Price Range $38.50 - $179.50
    $/mg CBD
    Price ($/mg)
    $0.12 - $0.19
    Shipping
    Shipping/Time to delivery
    2-3 Days via USPS
    Lab Tests
    Lab Testing Transparency
    Third Party Lab Tested post formulation for safety and potency, available on website
    Contaminants No additives or preservatives, Non-GMO, NO herbicides, pesticides, or chemical fertilizers
    Allergens Not specified
    Refund policy Within 30 days
    Recommended for All four-legged animals of any size and breed
    Countries served USA (all 50 states) and over 40 countries including Australia, Azerbaijan, Beliza, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Hong Kong, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macao, Malaysia, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Oman, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, and many more.
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Best Range

cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Tincture for Dogs

Powerful CBD oil for your canine friends
cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Tincture for Dogs
  • Overall Clinical Score
    99%
    Best Range
  • Score breakdown
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  • Summary

    With nothing but MCT oil combined with CBD oil sourced from U.S. hemp that is grown using organic farming methods, these CBD Oil Tinctures for Dogs can be added to their favorite foods while still providing the same effects that you enjoy. We have two flavors to choose from: Natural and Peanut Butter.

    Pros
    Cons
    •  Same CBD Oil benefits as for humans
    •  No THC Animal-specific products (dogs, cats, horses)
    •  Made from premium CBD from non-GMO USA hemp
    •  Low terpene and cannabinoid profile
  • Features
    Discount pricing available? 15% Off Coupon Code: cbdMD15
    Source
    Source of Hemp
    Kentucky, USA
    Form Oil Tincture
    Ingredients Cannabidiol (CBD) and MCT Oil (from palm kernel oil)
    Type
    Type of CBD
    Broad Spectrum
    Extraction
    Extraction Method
    CO2 extraction method
    How to take it Every dog is unique, so you need to experiment a bit to work out the optimum measurement. Start by giving your pet a small amount every day and watch for improvement. If need be, gradually increase.
    Potency
    Potency - CBD Per Bottle
    150 mg - 3000 mg
    Carrier Oil MCT Oil (from palm kernel oil)
    Concentration
    CBD Concentration Per Serving
    150 mg - 5 mg per dropper (1ml), 300 mg - 10 mg per dropper (1ml), 750 mg - 25 mg per dropper (1ml), 1500 mg - 50 mg per dropper (1ml), 3000 mg - 100 mg per dropper (1ml)
    Drug Test Not applicable
    Flavours Natural and Peanut Butter
    Price Range $19.99 - $149.99
    $/mg CBD
    Price ($/mg)
    $0.05 - $0.13
    Shipping
    Shipping/Time to delivery
    2-5 Business days (via Fedex)
    Lab Tests
    Lab Testing Transparency
    Third Party Lab Tested post formulation for safety and potency, available on website
    Contaminants 100% organic, non-GMO, and vegan-certified
    Allergens Vegan, Gluten free
    Refund policy Within 30 days
    Recommended for All dog breeds and sizes
    Countries served USA only (all 50 states)
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Best Value For Full Spectrum CBD

CBDistillery CBD Pet Tincture

Pets can enjoy the same full CBD benefits as humans.
CBDistillery CBD Pet Tincture
  • Overall Clinical Score
    99%
    Best Value For Full Spectrum CBD
  • Score breakdown
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  • Summary

    CBDistillery’s Full Spectrum CBD Oil Pet Tinctures were made with your pets in mind. Formulated with cold-pressed hemp seed oil, your pets can now enjoy all of the same benefits of CBD that you do.

    Pros
    Cons
    •  60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee
    •  Hemp seed oil is safe for pets and aids in easy digestion
    •  Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
    •  Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
    •  Dropper is a bit shaky
  • Features
    Discount pricing available? Save an extra 15% sitewide with code CBDCLINICALS15
    Source
    Source of Hemp
    Colorado, USA
    Form Oil Tincture
    Ingredients Hemp Seed Oil, CO2 Hemp Extract (Aerial Parts)
    Type
    Type of CBD
    Oil Tincture
    Extraction
    Extraction Method
    CO2 extraction
    How to take it Shake well. Give suggested dose at each meal at least twice per day. Suggested serving by weight: Under 25 lbs: 0.5 mL (10mg), 25-75 lbs: 0.5 – 1mL (10-20mg), Over 75 lbs: 1 – 2mL (20-40mg)
    Potency
    Potency - CBD Per Bottle
    150mg - 600mg
    Carrier Oil Hemp Seed Oil
    Concentration
    CBD Concentration Per Serving
    5mg - 20mg per full serving (1ml)
    Drug Test Not applicable
    Flavours None
    Price Range $20 - $38
    $/mg CBD
    Price ($/mg)
    $0.06 - $0.13
    Shipping
    Shipping/Time to delivery
    Standard UPS Shipping ships up to 5 business days
    Lab Tests
    Lab Testing Transparency
    Third Party Lab Tested post formulation for safety and potency, available on website
    Contaminants Contaminant-free
    Allergens Allergen-free
    Refund policy Within 60 days
    Recommended for All dogs and cats breeds and sizes
    Countries served USA only (all 50 states)
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Why Dog Owners Are Turning to CBD Oil for Dogs

CBD is used in dogs because of its anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, anti-anxiety impact, said Dr. Jerry Klein, the Chief Veterinary Officer of American Kennel Club (AKC)(7).

Klein also said that CBD is used for possible anti-cancer benefits, although there is no conclusive data on this use.

There is also anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggesting CBD can treat pain, especially neuropathic pain, and help control seizures, Klein added.

However, there is still no definitive scientific data on using CBD to treat dogs(8).

Meanwhile, there have been studies done on humans and animals, like rats and mice, that show the health benefits of CBD oil. 

CBD for Arthritis and Inflammation in Dogs

It is interesting to note that the first scientific research conducted on CBD oil use in pets is the 2017 Cornell University study, where CBD oil was given to dogs with osteoarthritis(9).

In the said study, some of the health issues thought to be relieved by the consumption of hemp-based CBD dog treats and products were: joint pain, inflammation, anxiety and phobia, digestive system issue, and pruritus (itching)(10). 

Results concluded that CBD oil helped increase the dogs’ relief and activeness, which seemed to support anecdotal reports of CBD oil benefits for pain management and anxiety. 

Given that CBD shares metabolic pathways with anti-inflammatory drugs, it may also help with certain inflammatory conditions in dogs(11). 

A 2015 study published by the Veterinary Science Development noted that one in every four dogs in the USA is diagnosed with some form of arthritis(12).  

The study also said that among all domestic and pet animal species, dogs suffer from arthritis more often because of excessive running or exercise, injury, or genetic predisposition. 

The 2017 Cornell research showed that CBD might help provide substantial pain relief to dogs with arthritis when given in appropriate doses twice a day(13). 

Because CBD can address both pain and inflammation, CBD oil may also help improve an older dog’s mobility.

CBD for Dog Anxiety

One common problem that dogs experience is anxiety. Dogs, like humans, experience anxiety from time to time. 

Meanwhile, studies have shown that CBD may be useful in reducing stress and anxiety level.

Research published in the Neurochemical Research Journal indicated that CBD could inhibit the reuptake of serotonin in the brain, making serotonin more available for the body(14). 

Serotonin, also called the “feel good” chemical, impacts a variety of body and psychological functions and influences levels of anxiety, mood, and happiness. 

The researchers believe that with better regulation of serotonin, CBD could help stabilize mood and reduce anxiety.

In the Translational PsychiatryJournal, a 2012 study demonstrated CBD’s ability to trigger the ECS to produce more of its natural cannabinoids, like anandamide, which regulates emotions(15). Results showed that anandamide levels increased in those who were given CBD.

Increased anandamide in the brain guards against the effects of stress and reduces behavioral signs of anxiety and fear, according to a 2019 study on rats that was published in the Journal of Neuroscience(16).

In dogs, anxiety may be caused by high-stress situations, such as long trips or car rides and being in a noisy place, like dog shows. An underlying medical condition that causes pain may also cause dog anxiety. 

Meanwhile, a study done on rats and mice found that cannabinoids, particularly CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), are useful in the management of difficult to treat pain(17).  

Given how the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which regulates the functions of cannabinoids, works in the same way among all mammals, CBD’s anti-anxiety and pain-relieving properties may also be beneficial to dogs.

The calming, soothing effects may help a dog maintain good behavior, become successful in its potty training, or settle its nerves before an important event, like a dog show.  

CBD for Dog Aggression

Studies have shown that CBD may help curb fear and anxiety, which may reduce the occurrence of dog aggression.

Dogs that are anxious about an uncertain or unpleasant outcome may exhibit anxiety-related aggression.

A study on rodents published in the journal Frontiers in Pharmacology examined the effects of CBD on learned fear in anxiety-related disorders, including phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)(18).

Results indicated that CBD, a primary non-psychoactive component in Cannabis sativa, was useful in regulating fear.

Although the study was conducted on rodents, the results are still encouraging that CBD may be useful in helping curb fear- or anxiety-related aggression in dogs. 

CBD for Cancer in Dogs

By interacting with the dog’s ECS, CBD can help effectively manage cancer symptoms, making it an alternative tool to improve the quality of life in dogs with cancer.

Studies have established the efficacy of cannabinoid agonists in reducing tumor growth and proliferation, according to a 2016 research that examined cannabinoids as anti-cancer agents(19).

Cannabinoid agonists are substances that initiate a physiological response when combined with a receptor.

In a study published in the Journal of Neuroinflammation in 2017, it was shown that CB2 receptors contribute to the slowing down of chronic inflammatory processes and modulate chronic pain(20).

Data from a research article published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics suggested that CBD could induce apoptosis in cancer cells partially via direct or indirect activation of the CB2 receptor(21). Results showed that CBD could be a potent inhibitor of cancer cell growth. 

The studies on CBD’s efficacy that were mentioned above were conducted on humans and animal models, like rats and mice, not dogs. 

However, the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which regulates the functions of cannabinoids, works in the same way among all mammals(22). Thus, the results may be similar when CBD is given to dogs.

Still, it is essential to always consult with a veterinarian experienced in the use of cannabis plants before administering any CBD product, regardless of form or dose, to dogs.

Meanwhile, the AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) is sponsoring a study through the Colorado State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, to evaluate the use of CBD in treatment-resistant epileptic dogs. 

In a 2019 article, the CHF expressed hope the study would be the first to gain scientific data on the use of CBD in dogs with this condition.

How CBD Oil Works to Help Dogs

CBD’s potential benefits in dogs may be attributed to how the endocannabinoid system (ECS) functions similarly in the bodies of both humans and dogs.

According to the authors of a 2017 study published in the PLOS One Journal, many conditions in dogs share striking similarities with their human counterparts(23). 

The said study examined the spatial distribution of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) in the central and peripheral nervous systems of healthy canines and compared them with that of humans and other animals.

The similarities were also shown in a review published in the Animals (Basel) Journal(24). Based on the author’s research, it is clear that the endocannabinoid system is present in nearly all animals. 

The ECS also plays an integral role in maintaining homeostasis (natural balance) for a number of organ systems.

The Pros and Cons of CBD Oil for Dogs

Pros

  • CBD’s potential benefits in dogs may be attributed to how the endocannabinoid system (ECS) functions similarly in the bodies of both humans and dogs.
  • Human and animal studies have shown that CBD possesses characteristics that may be beneficial to dogs in treating certain illnesses or their symptoms. 
  • Epidiolex, a drug derived from cannabis, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in people with seizures related to particular syndromes. 

That drug can be used in an extra-label manner by veterinarians in accord with the Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act (AMDUCA), says the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)(25). 

  • Generally, cannabis oil and CBD products are easy to use on dogs when following the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • There are many manufacturers from where one can get CBD oil for dogs. Hemp-derived CBD oil is legal in many countries as well.
  • As of March 2020, the FDA has not received reports of adverse events associated with animals given cannabis products(26). However, adverse events from accidental ingestion are well-documented in the scientific literature.

Cons

  • CBD has not been extensively tested for use in dogs with specific diseases or disorders, and no longitudinal studies on its effects have been done.
  • The FDA has not approved cannabis for any use in animals. The agency cautions pet owners against the use of CBD products and recommends consultation with a veterinarian about appropriate treatment options for pets(27).
  • CBD, which may come from marijuana or hemp, is still categorized by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as a Schedule 1 controlled substance, like heroin(28). 

The AVMA stated that “under current federal and state law, veterinarians may not administer, dispense, prescribe or recommend cannabis or its products for animals.”(29).

  • Only California has passed legislation that authorizes veterinarians to discuss cannabis with their clients. 

As a result, vets lag behind other physicians in working with cannabis and researching its use in pets(30).

  • CBD may interact with medications, including those prescribed by veterinarians. Also, there is less testing of products marketed for pets. There have been reports of animals adversely affected by contaminated or spoiled CBD products(31).
  • Potential side effects of CBD use in dogs include dry mouth, low blood pressure, and drowsiness(32).

How CBD Oil Compares to Alternative Treatments for Dogs

As dogs age, they develop bone and joint problems and can overwork their muscles. As humans benefit from massages, so can dogs. 

Massaging a dog helps promote flexibility, stretches, and relaxes its body. Massaging also reinforces the human-animal bond. 

The hands-on contact of massage may be useful in reducing stress during a thunderstorm, fireworks display, long travels, and going to crowded and noisy places, like dog shows, that can make dogs nervous and restless.

Massages can also help with arthritis in dogs. The act of gentle rubbing and kneading can increase circulation to a dog’s sore muscles and joints. 

CBD has been used in massage therapies as well to provide pain relief and reduce stress.

CBD oil shares a similar texture to standard massage oils formulated to moisturize the skin without leaving an oily or greasy residue. 

Most CBD massage oils include other natural ingredients, like coconut oil, almond oil, or jojoba oil. Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids are also present in high concentrations in full-spectrum CBD oil. 

A study in the journal Clinics in Dermatology showed that Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids help promote firm, healthy skin by helping wounds recover fast(33).

However, note that the studies were done on mice and rats, not dogs. Pet owners are advised to first consult with a veterinarian should they decide to try CBD massage oil for its Omega-3 and Omega-6 content as an alternative treatment for dogs.

How to Choose the Best CBD Oil for Dogs

The primary types of CBD are CBD isolate, broad-spectrum CBD oil, and full-spectrum CBD oil. 

The full-spectrum variety contains a complete range of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other compounds naturally present in cannabis, including other compounds and minerals, such as Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids and beneficial fiber. 

Terpenes are the compounds in cannabis that give it distinctive aromas and flavors, while flavonoids are responsible for the vivid colors in most plants.

The combination of all these components creates a synergy known as “entourage effect,” where all of the constituents working together are more efficient than their isolated elements(34).

Broad-spectrum CBD oils are like full-spectrum oils that are THC-free or contain trace amounts (less than 0.3%) of THC. CBD isolates carry only isolated cannabidiol that is substantially pure CBD oil.

Not all oils are the same. Dog owners must only insist only on the highest quality of pet CBD oil to have a better chance of it working.

The following factors are essential to ensure the safety and reliability of the CBD oil pet products purchased:

  • Purchase only GMO-free, organic hemp-derived CBD oil products from legitimate and reliable CBD brands known for their high-quality products. 

Most CBD companies grow their hemp from their own farms, or they purchase hemp from licensed producers. 

Reputable brands also have a state-of-the-art facility where they manufacture their products.

For example, King Kalm CBD products for dogs are manufactured in a GMP-certified, ISO-9001 FDA-registered facility.

GMP regulations require a quality approach to the manufacturing of products, enabling companies to minimize or eliminate instances of contamination, mixups, and errors(35).

King Kalm is also known for its wide selection of CBD dog products specially formulated for different breeds, from small dogs to large dogs.

  • Choose CBD pet products that contain only organic CBD oil and other natural ingredients. While CBD oil is a natural compound, some CBD dog treats may have additional ingredients like essential oils, vitamins, herbs, and other elements.

One company that understands the benefits of a full-spectrum CBD oil for dogs is Honest Paws

Honest Paws Wellness Bites contain organic full-spectrum CBD oil, organic barley, organic oats, and organic peanut butter. 

With those powerhouse ingredients, Honest Paws is confident that from just giving dogs a biscuit or two a day, pet owners can expect to notice a significant improvement in their dog’s immunity, calmness, and general alertness.

If not happy with the product, consumers can avail of the company’s 30-day money-back guarantee.

  • Look for CBD pet products that used the CO2 extraction technology. This method utilizes pressurized carbon dioxide to extract all of the essential cannabinoids, terpene oils, and waxes out of the hemp plant safely and cleanly.

NuLeaf Naturals is only one of several companies that use the supercritical CO2 extraction method to extract CBD oil for their pet tinctures.

The most natural carrier oils used in CBD pet tinctures include MCT oil (medium-chain triglycerides from coconut oil), hemp seed oil, and extra-virgin olive oil.

NuLeaf uses organic hemp oil as its carrier oil for CBD, for the most natural connection to the body’s endocannabinoid system and the most compatible oil for CBD.

  • Look for lab results or the certificate of analysis (COA) of each product. Compare company claims about their products’ potency with that of the third-party lab test results. 

The COA lists the other active cannabinoids contained in the CBD product. The COA also indicates whether or not the products are non-GMO or if they contain other additives, preservatives, or contaminants, such as heavy metals, fungicides, and herbicides.

Several certification authorities approve certain products only after some thorough screening tests and third-party lab tests. 

  • Buy CBD as a liquid. This way, the dog’s dose can be adjusted drop by drop. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on dosing, and administer CBD only upon the advice of a veterinarian.
  • Always consult with a trusted medical professional experienced in CBD use is ideal before using any CBD products.

CBD Dosage for Dogs

In an article posted by Veterinary Cannabis Education and Consulting, pet parents are given guidelines and tips on how much CBD oil should be given for a particular health concern(36).

However, note that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved CBD and has not issued a dosing chart for dogs(37). 

Given these limitations, one does not know what size dosage would be toxic. Also, CBD may interact with other pharmaceuticals and bring about unwanted side effects.

There are many factors involved in finding the most therapeutic dose of CBD for one’s dog. The dose can also depend on the dog’s weight, diet, and health condition. 

It is always advisable, when giving a dog something new, to start with small amounts, and then carefully monitor the effects. 

CBD is remarkably safe. However, every dog responds differently to CBD oil. Thus, it is encouraged that dog owners follow the instructions on dosing as per the manufacturer’s recommendation and upon the advice of a veterinarian experienced in cannabis use.

It is the pet parent’s primary responsibility to inform the veterinarian about a plan to include CBD in the dog’s regimen if the dog is taking other medications.

How Dogs Can Take CBD Oil 

CBD oil for pets, like dogs, may come in the form of CBD pet tincture that may be given orally, combined with pet food or treats, or used in massages. 

There are also CBD hemp oil, creams, salve, or balms that may be applied on dog skin topically. 

These topicals are excellent for dog owners who want to manage their dog’s seasonal allergies, rashes, or muscle aches because they allow for targeting of a specific area of the body and are only used when needed.

When giving CBD oil tincture to a dog for the first time, always start with a low dose and slowly work up to a target dose(38). 

A syringe, marked dropper, or easily-calculated number of drops is recommended for consistent and accurate dosing. 

Gradually introduce any change in brand, CBD to THC ratio, or concentration. Then, re-evaluate the dosing whenever the dog’s health condition changes.

It is essential to know how many milligrams of CBD is in each drop or milliliter of CBD tincture, for example. 

Note that high concentrations allow easier administration in big animals. Low concentrations are safe for small animals due to their low body weight.

Arranging the home environment in such a way that the dog feels safe, secure, and comfortable at all times is an excellent idea. An animal that receives cannabis therapy is usually overly sensitive to loud sounds and bright lights.

Also, consider keeping a journal or a log of the dog’s CBD dosing, reactions, and behavior. Remember to share this information with the veterinarian in charge of the dog’s therapy.

Note that the amount of CBD that could help a dog would vary, depending on the dog’s diagnosis, size, age, and other medical conditions. 

Conclusion

As many different CBD pet products become available, veterinarians witness an increasing interest among pet owners in using these products for their pets. 

Dog owners understandably are curious whether or not dog CBD oil is legal, safe, and useful for treating specific health conditions or their related symptoms(39).

However, there have only been a few studies published on CBD for animals, which limits accurate scientific data. Most of the studies were conducted on humans and other animals, like mice and rats, not dogs. Also, most of the available information is anecdotal. 

Studies on CBD oil for dogs, like the research being funded by AKC Canine Health Foundation, can perhaps provide more scientific data needed to gain legal approval of CBD use in dogs(40). 

More longitudinal studies on CBD use in dogs are going to be helpful in determining appropriate medical use and dosage(41).

Dog owners should also note that CBD’s calming effect can also cause slight drowsiness, mainly when used in high doses, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC). The other potential side effects of CBD use include dry mouth and lowered blood pressure.

A consultation with a veterinarian experienced in cannabis use is an essential step for dog owners before giving CBD hemp products, like CBD pet tincture and CBD treats, combining CBD to a dog’s food, or supplementing a dog’s therapy with CBD.


  1. McPartland JM, Matias I, Di Marzo V, Glass M. Evolutionary origins of the endocannabinoid system. Gene. 2006;370:64-74.DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2005.11.004.
  2. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). The American Kennel Club. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/.
  3. Gamble LJ, Boesch JM, Frye CW, et al. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Front Vet Sci. 2018;5:165. Published 2018 Jul 23. DOI:10.3389/fvets.2018.00165.
  4. Kogan LR, Hellyer PW, Robinson NG. Consumers’ perceptions of hemp products for animals. J Am Holist Vet Med Assoc. (2016) 42:40–8.
  5. MedlinePlus. (2020, Jan 21).Cannabidiol (CBD). Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1439.html.
  6. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). op.cit.
  7. ibid.
  8. ibid.
  9. Gamble LJ, Boesch JM, Frye CW, et al. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Front Vet Sci. 2018;5:165. Published 2018 Jul 23. DOI:10.3389/fvets.2018.00165.
  10. Kogan LR, Hellyer PW, Robinson NG. Consumers’ perceptions of hemp products for animals. J Am Holist Vet Med Assoc. (2016) 42:40–8.
  11. MedlinePlus. (2020, Jan 21).Cannabidiol (CBD). Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1439.html.
  12. Clark, Stephanie. (2015). Canine Osteoarthritis and Treatments: A Review. Veterinary Science Development. 5. 10.4081/vsd.2015.5931.
  13. Gamble LJ, Boesch JM, Frye CW, et al. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Front Vet Sci. 2018;5:165. Published 2018 Jul 23. DOI:10.3389/fvets.2018.00165.
  14. Russo, E.B., Burnett, A., Hall, B. et al. Agonistic Properties of Cannabidiol at 5-HT1a Receptors. Neurochem Res 30, 1037–1043 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-005-6978-1.
  15. Leweke FM, Piomelli D, Pahlisch F, et al. Cannabidiol enhances anandamide signaling and alleviates psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia. Transl Psychiatry. 2012;2(3):e94. Published 2012 Mar 20. DOI:10.1038/tp.2012.15.
  16. Morena M., Aukema, R., […], and Hill M. Upregulation of Anandamide Hydrolysis in the Basolateral Complex of Amygdala Reduces Fear Memory Expression and Indices of Stress and Anxiety. Journal of Neuroscience 13 February 2019, 39 (7) 1275-1292; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2251-18.2018.
  17. Russo EB. Cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2008;4(1):245–259. DOI:10.2147/tcrm.s1928. 
  18. Jurkus R, Day HL, Guimarães FS, Lee JL, Bertoglio LJ, Stevenson CW. Cannabidiol Regulation of Learned Fear: Implications for Treating Anxiety-Related Disorders. Front Pharmacol. 2016;7:454. Published 2016 Nov 24. DOI:10.3389/fphar.2016.00454. 
  19. Ladin DA, Soliman E, Griffin L, Van Dross R. Preclinical and Clinical Assessment of Cannabinoids as Anti-Cancer Agents. Front Pharmacol. 2016;7:361. Published 2016 Oct 7. DOI:10.3389/fphar.2016.00361.
  20. Niu J, Huang D, Zhou R, et al. Activation of dorsal horn cannabinoid CB2 receptor suppresses the expression of P2Y12 and P2Y13 receptors in neuropathic pain rats. J Neuroinflammation. 2017;14(1):185. Published 2017 Sep 12. DOI:10.1186/s12974-017-0960-0.
  21. Alessia Ligresti, Aniello Schiano Moriello, Katarzyna Starowicz, Isabel Matias, Simona Pisanti, Luciano De Petrocellis, Chiara Laezza, Giuseppe Portella, Maurizio Bifulco and Vincenzo Di Marzo. Antitumor Activity of Plant Cannabinoids with Emphasis on the Effect of Cannabidiol on Human Breast Carcinoma. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics September 1, 2006, 318 (3) 1375-1387; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1124/jpet.106.105247.
  22. McPartland JM, Matias I, Di Marzo V, Glass M. Evolutionary origins of the endocannabinoid system. Gene. 2006;370:64-74. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2005.11.004.
  23. Freundt-Revilla J, Kegler K, Baumgärtner W, Tipold A (2017) Spatial distribution of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) in normal canine central and peripheral nervous system. PLoS ONE 12(7): e0181064.
  24. Silver RJ. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals. Animals (Basel). 2019;9(9):686. Published 2019 Sep 16. DOI:10.3390/ani9090686.
  25. AVMA. Cannabis use and pets. Retrieved from https://www.avma.org/resources-tools/veterinarians-and-public-health/cannabis-use-and-pets.
  26. US FDA. (2020, March 11). FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD). Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd.
  27. ibid.
  28. ibid. 
  29. Burke, A. (2018, Oct 17). How to Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/talk-veterinarian-cbd-oil/
  30. Peachman, RR. (2019, April 11). Should You Try CBD for Your Pet? Retrieved from https://www.consumerreports.org/cbd/should-you-try-cbd-for-your-pet/.
  31. ibid.
  32. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). op. cit.
  33. McCusker MM, Grant-Kels JM. Healing fats of the skin: the structural and immunologic roles of the omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Clin Dermatol. 2010;28(4):440–451. doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2010.03.020.
  34. Russo EB. The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No “Strain,” No Gain. Front Plant Sci. 2019;9:1969. Published 2019 Jan 9. doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.01969.
  35. ISPE.What is GMP? Retrieved from https://ispe.org/initiatives/regulatory-resources/gmp/what-is-gmp
  36. Veterinary Cannabis Education and Consulting. Cannabis Guidelines for Pet Parents. Retrieved from https://www.veterinarycannabis.org/guidelines-for-pet-parents.html.
  37. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). The American Kennel Club. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  38. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). op. cit.
  39. AVMA. Cannabis use and pets. Retrieved from https://www.avma.org/resources-tools/veterinarians-and-public-health/cannabis-use-and-pets.
  40. Burke A. (2018, Aug 27). Can CBD Oil Help Dogs With Epilepsy? The AKC Canine Health Foundation Investigates. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-for-dog-seizures/
  41. Burke, A. (2018, Oct 17). How to Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/talk-veterinarian-cbd-oil/

More Info

Less Info

Just as CBD oil provides numerous benefits for humans, it can also help dogs experience relief from a range of conditions. 

Pet owners may consider using CBD for dogs if their furry friend is suffering or in pain. Knowing how to select the best and safest CBD treats for pets, including CBD oil for dogs is essential for acquiring the most beneficial results. 

This article will serve as a guide in choosing the right CBD oil and will mention the well-received ones.

The Best CBD Products for Dogs

Once pet owners have all of the above information in mind, it is time to start looking for the best CBD oil for dogs. The following are the well-received ones, in alphabetical order.

Understanding CBD Oil

People must understand what CBD oil is and why it helps before giving it to their dogs. CBD stands for cannabinoid, and CBD oil comes from the cannabis plant. 

There are multiple extraction methods, and some CBD products indicate which extraction method they use. The trichomes in the marijuana flower are glands with essential oils. 

Producers of CBD oil separate the trichome glands from the rest of the plant, then formulate them to get the perfect ratio of cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids

 

There are more than 80 different cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. CBD or cannabidiol is the cannabinoid that is found in the best CBD oil options for dogs. This is also the cannabinoid associated with the full range of benefits for both pets and humans.

THC

THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is another cannabinoid, and it is present in some CBD oils. THC is the cannabinoid responsible for marijuana’s psychoactive or mind-altering effects.

Inclusion of Cannabinoids in CBD Oil

 

At first glance, it would make sense to choose a CBD oil that does not include THC to avoid psychoactive effects while still taking advantage of the other benefits. 

However, there is a complication that pet owners should be aware of: the entourage effect. This means that it is more effective to use cannabinoids together. 

Therefore, the best CBD oils for dogs will have small quantities of THC.

For example, hemp products alone have THC concentrations of less than 0.3 percent, which is enough to get the benefits of the entourage effect. 

As long as the CBD oil is dosed accurately, the dog will not experience any psychoactive effects. For this to be the case, choose a product with very minimal or no THC.

How CBD Oil Helps Dogs

 

As mentioned, CBD oil has numerous benefits for dogs. It can be part of a treatment for anxiety, stress, seizures, nausea, arthritis, gastrointestinal issues, back pain, and cancer symptoms. 

CBD can also help with chronic inflammation, sleep problems, any moderate to severe pain, and more.

The cannabinoids in the CBD oil interact with the dog’s endocannabinoid system, just as it would in humans. 

That system is a system of receptors throughout the body. By interacting with these endocannabinoid receptors, CBD oil’s cannabinoids can regulate nausea, pain, and anxiety.

No Side Effects with Proper Dosing

 

One of the most exciting things about CBD oil for dogs is that there are no life-threatening side effects, assuming they received the proper dosage. 

This is in sharp contrast with the pain medications that are traditionally prescribed for dogs that could potentially damage things like the GI tract, liver, or kidneys.

Instead, dogs will not feel sedated or high when taking the best CBD oil for dogs. They will not experience any long-term damage to organs either. 

If proper dosing is administered, it is rare for a dog to experience any life-threatening risk. The key here is to ensure the proper dose. Remember that dogs are smaller than humans and require less CBD oil than people. 

Pet owners should also ensure that they choose cannabis oil from a reputable source. Otherwise, it may contain ingredients that could be harmful to their pets.

How Pet Owners Should Choose CBD Oil for Dogs

As a pet owner, the priority is determining which CBD oils are safe to use. Always ensure to select an oil from a well-known, reputable company to avoid the ones with unnecessary or potentially harmful ingredients. 

Avoid CBD oils that make claims that seem too good to be true; if they lie about those claims, they may lie about the ingredients or something else.

Pet owners should also consider the same factors that they would as if they were going to consume the CBD oil themselves. This means considering the:

  • Flavoring or lack of flavoring
  • Cannabinoids present in addition to CBD
  • THC levels
  • Presence of third-party laboratory analysis
  • Dosage
  • Cost per mg of CBD

If the dog is currently on any other medication, make sure to consult with a vet before giving them CBD oil.

Choosing a Dose

 

Unfortunately, experts are still working to figure out the ideal dose of CBD oil for dogs. This means that most pet owners will need to do a bit of trial and error. 

Start with a smaller dose and increase it slowly if your dog does not experience relief. This will dramatically minimize the risk of overdosing and potential problems.

Pet owners can also consult their vet about CBD oil for dogs to see if they have experience with dosing. Some brands of CBD oil that market to pet owners may also have general guidelines to follow.

When in doubt, start with an incredibly low dose of around 0.25 mg each day, then increase it. Make sure to monitor how the dog responds and consider factors like the canine’s activity level, size, and weight.

How to Administer CBD to Dogs: Dog Treats, Oil, and More

 

There are several methods of giving your dog CBD, from treats infused with it to CBD oil. Using one of the best CBD oil options for dogs tend to be the easiest choice as they are highly versatile. Even so, there are other options available.

Topical Treatments

 

There are some topical treatments infused with CBD that you can apply to dogs. Pet owners apply these to the area to be treated. 

These are great for pet owners who want to manage their dog’s allergies, rashes, or specific muscle aches because they allow for targeting.

Dog Treats

 

The most straightforward method of giving a dog CBD would be to buy dog treats infused with CBD. This method does not require any effort from the pet owner, as they do not need to measure anything. 

The problem is that the treats rely on a one-size-fits-all dose, without any ability for dose adjustment. 

There is also no way to confirm that the CBD treats contain the advertised dose. This makes it hard to ensure the dog gets enough CBD to help their problems without giving them too much.

Capsules

 

You can also find capsules with CBD oil. These will be pre-dosed like the dog treats, so there is less flexibility in terms of dosing. However, they are easy to give to dogs when hidden in food or a treat.

CBD Oil

 

For the most versatility and value, pet owners should avoid CBD dog treats or topical treatments and opt for one of the best CBD oils for dogs to be in complete control of the dose and to know exactly how much to give the canine.

If the dog is cooperative, place the CBD oil right in their mouth. If they are less cooperative, it is easy to mix the oil into some wet food or another treat, so they do not even know they are consuming it.

Choosing one of the best CBD oils for dogs will give them a simple way to ingest cannabinoids that can help with a range of conditions, from arthritis to seizures. 

Any of the above products are excellent choices that should inspire confidence and make it easy in giving the canine the proper dose.

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