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Best CBD Oil for Tourette Syndrome

Are you looking for natural alternatives to help with Tourette symptoms like uncontrollable movements and vocal sounds? CBD Clinicals shares various findings on how cannabidiol (CBD) may help individuals manage the symptoms of TS. 

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil


4.8 out of 5
  1. Peppermint flavor masks any unpleasant taste
  2. Contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full
  3. Bottle includes a graduated dropper for correct serving measurement

Best CBD Purity

NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil


5.0 out of 5
  1. Natural remedy for various illnesses
  2. Product is full-spectrum whole-plant extract
  3. Contains naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes

Best High Potency

Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil


5.0 out of 5
  1. Maximum possible potency
  2. Each dropper full contains 80mg of CBD
  3. Conveniently fits in a 30mL bottle

Best Value

Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg


4.6 out of 5
  1. Proprietary full-spectrum
  2. Developed using advanced AVIDA CORE Spectrum Technology
  3. Highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3)

Best Value

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg


4.7 out of 5
  1. Made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp
  2. Available in many flavours
  3. Safe for daily use

Best THC Free

CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures


4.4 out of 5
  1. Do not contain THC
  2. Available in different potencies and sizes
  3. Brand has special deals and offers

Best Customer Rated

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg


4.4 out of 5
  1. THC-free
  2. Has plenty of flavours to choose from
  3. Totally vegan

Best For Beginners

NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil


4.6 out of 5
  1. Lowest concentration for CBD beginners
  2. Fully organic and lab-tested
  3. Full-spectrum

Best Flavor Range

Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil


3.9 out of 5
  1. Has a wide range of flavours
  2. Safe to intake
  3. Get 20% off when you avail of their subscription

Best Allergy Friendly

Royal CBD Full Spectrum CBD Oil


3.5 out of 5
  1. Has three flavors to choose from – Berry, Natural and Vanilla
  2. Vegan and Gluten-Free
  3. Superb customer service

Compare The Best CBD Oil for Tourette Syndrome for 2022

Product Potency Purity Customer Service Type Extraction Transparency Absorption
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
4.8 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
4.6 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

3.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
4.7 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
4.4 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
4.4 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
4.6 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
3.9 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
Royal CBD Full Spectrum CBD Oil
3.5 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

1.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

Best CBD Oil for Tourette Syndrome

1. Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
4.8
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Mid-strength  No other flavors
 Natural peppermint flavor
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Pros
 Mid-strength
 Natural peppermint flavor
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Cons
 No other flavors
Overview

Each bottle of the 750mg CBD oil tincture contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full. The oil is peppermint flavor to mask any unpleasant tastes related to CBD.

2. NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
5.0
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Pure CBD hemp  No other flavors
 All natural
 Approximately 300 drops total
Pros
 Pure CBD hemp
 All natural
 Approximately 300 drops total
Cons
 No other flavors
Overview

Natural remedy for various illnesses. NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil is a whole-plant extract containing a full spectrum of naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes.

3. Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
5.0
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Extra Strength  Tastes bitter
 No artificial flavoring or colors  No THC-free option
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Pros
 Extra Strength
 No artificial flavoring or colors
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Cons
 Tastes bitter
 No THC-free option
Overview

The largest bottle of CBD oil that Spruce offers contains 2,400mg of CBD. This is full-spectrum CBD oil, which is the maximum possible potency. Each high potency dropper full contains 80mg of CBD. There are no flavorings in it, which allows for the most CBD to fit in the 30ml bottle.

4. Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
cbdc overall score
4.6
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Light Spearmint flavor  No other flavor
 Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test
Pros
 Light Spearmint flavor
 Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test
Cons
 No other flavor
Overview

Avida Extracts Full Spectrum CBD oil is the latest iteration of the brand’s advanced Avida CORE Spectrum technology. They use a proprietary full spectrum blend, resulting in the highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3) to support your health.

5. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
cbdc overall score
4.7
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Various delicious flavors to choose from  cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
 Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
 Free shipping for this particular product within USA
 World-class customer service team
Pros
 Various delicious flavors to choose from
 Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
 Free shipping for this particular product within USA
 World-class customer service team
Cons
 cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
Overview

cbdMD’s CBD oil tinctures are made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp and MCT oil as a carrier oil. Tinctures are offered in orange, mint, natural, and berry flavors. Safe for daily use, the oil tinctures are packaged with a built-in rubber dropper to adjust CBD dosage easily. The packaging is made to be easy to transport and discreet to use.

6. CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
cbdc overall score
4.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee  Dropper is a bit shaky
 Various strengths
 Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
 Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
Pros
 60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee
 Various strengths
 Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
 Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
Cons
 Dropper is a bit shaky
Overview

CBDistillery’s Isolate CBD Oil Tinctures harness the power of pure CBD. CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures include 0.0% THC. When you use CBDistillery CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures, you can be assured you’re using the highest quality CBD on the market.

7. NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
4.6
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Pure CBD hemp  No other flavors
 All natural  A bit pricey compared to competitors
 Approximately 100 drops total
Pros
 Pure CBD hemp
 All natural
 Approximately 100 drops total
Cons
 No other flavors
 A bit pricey compared to competitors
Overview

This is one of several concentrations from NuLeaf Naturals. As the lowest concentration, it is the company’s best option for those new to CBD oil. The product is lab-tested and fully organic. It is full-spectrum, so it contains THC in small quantities.

8. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
cbdc overall score
4.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Vegan and Gluten free  Does not ship internationally
 Has a third-party lab test
 Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes
Pros
 Vegan and Gluten free
 Has a third-party lab test
 Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes
Cons
 Does not ship internationally
Overview

A 750mg bottle of cbdMD’s Broad Spectrum Oil Tincture does not contain THC. It also has a fairly wide flavor range which is perfect for those who prefer other taste. Vegan consumers are considered since cbdMD offers Vegan products. Aside from all of that, another reason why people love cbdMD is because it’s free from harmful chemicals.

9. Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
3.9
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Wide variety of flavors  Incomplete information about the product
 Lab test results are complete  Does not ship to all international countries
 30-day money-back guarantee
Pros
 Wide variety of flavors
 Lab test results are complete
 30-day money-back guarantee
Cons
 Incomplete information about the product
 Does not ship to all international countries
Overview

Hemp Bombs offer CBD Oil Tinctures that come in a 30ml bottle containing 750mg of CBD. They provide a wide range of flavors perfect for those that have a knack for sweets. Consumers can safely intake this because it’s free of chemicals and pesticides. Hemp Bombs also offer a 20% off on products upon subscription.

10. Royal CBD Full Spectrum CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
3.5
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Rich in phytochemicals including CBD, CBC, CBG, and a variety of flavorful terpenes  Shipping not specified on website
 More flavors to choose from  3rd party lab result is currently not available on website
 Extracts contain a whole array of cannabinoids and terpenes from the hemp plant — rather than pure CBD isolate
Pros
 Rich in phytochemicals including CBD, CBC, CBG, and a variety of flavorful terpenes
 More flavors to choose from
 Extracts contain a whole array of cannabinoids and terpenes from the hemp plant — rather than pure CBD isolate
Cons
 Shipping not specified on website
 3rd party lab result is currently not available on website
Overview

Excellent products and superb customer service. Whenever you want to ask them about the dosage, recommended consumption methods, or which CBD oil will work best for you, just give them a call, send them a message, or get in touch with their social media channels. They won’t leave you with any unanswered questions.

How CBD May Help With Tourette Syndrome

Cannabidiol or CBD is a non-psychotropic compound in the cannabis plant that may have anticonvulsant(1), neuroprotective, and anti-inflammatory properties(2).  

Non-psychotropic or non-psychoactive substances do not affect a person’s mental state.  

CBD works in the body through the endocannabinoid system, which regulates many essential bodily functions(3).

Researchers noted a potential relationship between TS and the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Because the ECS controls and influences many essential neurotransmitter systems in the body, any ECS dysfunction may result in TS(4).

Since the 1980s, researchers have explored how CBD may address TS(5). Studies may explain how CBD may help with tic reduction, chronic pain relief, and other neuropsychiatric effects.

Two placebo-controlled trials conducted by Kirsten Müller-Vahl and his team examined the effect of cannabinoids on people with TS or tics(6).

Cannabinoids are natural compounds in the cannabis plant. A placebo is a substance with no therapeutic effect.

In the study, the researchers noted that cannabis-based medicines (CBM) may lessen the frequency of involuntary movements and tic disorders. CBMs such as nabiximols contain CBD(7).                   

In 2019, a study in Australia examined CBD’s potential in easing the symptoms of severe TS(8). The trial’s objective is to analyze the efficacy and safety of CBD and THC on tic frequency and psychiatric and cognitive symptoms linked to TS. 

The study opened therapeutic possibilities of cannabinoids in the treatment of Tourette syndrome.

Benefits and Uses of CBD for Tourette Syndrome

There is currently no evidence that CBD by itself may directly help with Tourette syndrome. However, when combined with THC, CBD may lessen the frequency of vocal and motor tics in people with TS(9).

Researchers in one study assessed the quality of life, depression, anxiety, and other behavioral symptoms of young people with TS(10).

The study also analyzed individuals with comorbid mental health disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Results showed that those with symptoms of Tourette syndrome reported lower perceived quality of life and depressive behavior.

ADHD is characterized by inattentiveness or impulsiveness and may cause anxiety(11). This emotion can increase the severity or frequency of tics in persons with TS.

Meanwhile, numerous testimonials have noted that CBD may effectively reduce anxiety(12). This information suggests CBD may help manage anxious behavior associated with TS.

Individuals with TS may also have a high risk of developing epilepsy(13). One study on CBD and Dravet syndrome showed that about 43% of epileptic patients who took CBD reported a 50% reduction in convulsive seizure frequency(14).

Dravet syndrome is epilepsy characterized by prolonged and frequent seizures that may affect infants, adolescents, and adults(15).  

How to Take CBD Oil for Tourette Syndrome

If you are considering using CBD oil or hemp oil for TS or its symptoms, note that this product may be administered in several ways, such as topically, sublingually, orally, or by inhalation.

CBD products according to administration method are the following(16):

  • Sublingual: CBD tinctures or sprays
  • Ingestion: edibles (gummies, chews, cookies), capsules
  • Topical: lotions, creams, balms, salves
  • Inhalation: CBD vapes and smokes

Sublingual use requires CBD oil to be applied under the tongue. This method lets you adjust the dosage, which may be convenient when you need precise doses to help manage TS symptoms.

Sublingual application allows the body to absorb CBD quickly into the system as this method bypasses your digestive tract and enters your bloodstream directly. 

Inhalation using vapes is another route of dispensing CBD oil. However, research shows thousands of potentially harmful substances in vapes(17). These substances may adversely affect your heart and lungs.

CBD Dosage for Tourette Syndrome

Standard CBD dosage guides for TS have not been established.

Your CBD dosage may vary depending on factors like exercise, diet, daily stress, sleep patterns, and genetics(18). However, a common dosing strategy is to start with a low dose and observe the drug’s effects before increasing the dosage.

One suggestion is to take an initial dose of 10 milligrams (mg) of CBD per day(19).

Still, more studies are needed to establish an acceptable dosage for TS. Ask a physician versed in cannabis on what CBD dosage may help with your medical condition.

How Long Does CBD Take to Help With Tourette Syndrome? 

Clinical studies on CBD’s onset times for TS have not been conducted at present.

However, the administration method may affect when CBD starts taking effect in the body. The following are the onset times of the different delivery routes(20):

  • Sublingual administration: 15 to 30 minutes
  • Oral ingestion: 30 to 90 minutes
  • Topical application: 15 to 30 minutes
  • Inhalation: 2 to 15 minutes   

How Long Will CBD Help With Tourette Syndrome?

The duration of CBD’s effects in your system may depend on the delivery method.

Sublingually and topically administered CBD may generally remain effective for two to four hours. 

If CBD is applied orally, its effects may also last for six to eight hours. Meanwhile, inhaled CBD may continue working for two to four hours(21).

How to Choose the Right CBD for Tourette Syndrome

Purchasing high-quality CBD oil may be challenging, especially if the intention is to help manage a complex disorder like TS.

CBD products generally contain disclaimers stating that the products are not intended as a treatment for any disease. Thus, take precautions when buying CBD products to help with any disorder or disease.

Another consideration is to check a CBD product’s certificate of analysis (COA). COAs are third-party lab results publicly available on a CBD brand’s website.

COAs show the product’s actual CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels and whether the product contains contaminants(22)

THC is a compound that produces a psychoactive effect typically associated with marijuana use(23).

Some CBD oil products contain THC. The legal amount of THC is limited to 0.3%(24).  

CBD oil comes in three forms: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolates.

  • Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the natural cannabis plant compounds, including THC, terpenes, and flavonoids.

Terpenes are aromatic substances found in plants, including cannabis(25). Flavonoids are plant chemicals with antioxidant properties(26).

Full-spectrum CBD oil may be associated with the “entourage effect.” This phenomenon happens when the cannabis compounds work together to provide a better therapeutic benefit(27)

  • Broad-spectrum CBD oil contains many cannabinoids and compounds found in full-spectrum CBD oil. However, broad-spectrum CBD oil does not contain THC.
  • CBD isolates are pure CBD and contain no other cannabinoids or compounds. 

One cannabis-based product that may have the potential to help with TS is nabiximol. This drug contains THC and CBD and is often sold as a spray(28).

In one study using nabiximol oral sprays, the researchers administered a daily single-puff dose containing 2.7mg of THC and 2.5mg of CBD on a TS patient(29).

The test results showed a significant improvement of tics (sudden movements or sounds) and premonitory urges (uncomfortable sensations preceding tics). However, further studies are required to show CBD’s overall effectiveness.

Before determining the best CBD oil that may help improve your condition and quality of life, ask your doctor about potential treatment options that best fit your needs.

Side Effects and Risks of Using CBD for Tourette Syndrome

One study involving nabiximols containing CBD and THC mentioned no side effects encountered during the clinical trial(30).

However, the study was conducted on only one patient. Extensive medical research with more subjects may be required to conclusively determine CBD’s benefits and side effects on individuals with TS.

Another study mentioned that the typically reported side effects of CBD are tiredness, diarrhea, and changes to body weight or appetite(31).

Safety of Using CBD for Tourette Syndrome  

There is limited clinical data on CBD’s safety specifically for TS.

However, several trials on CBD’s potential therapeutic effects showed that CBD has a good safety profile and is well tolerated(32).

Additionally, CBD does not produce the same psychoactive effects as THC(33).

Legality of CBD

The Farm Bill of 2018 removed hemp as a controlled substance under federal law(34). Hemp defined under this law is a variety of cannabis containing 0.3% THC.

This law allows researchers to explore medical cannabis or medicinal cannabis, according to FDA regulations. At present, the FDA has approved only one CBD oral solution called Epidiolex for severe forms of epilepsy(35).

The FDA has not approved cannabis and its derivatives, other than Epidiolex, to be used like prescription pharmaceutical drugs to treat any condition or disease(36)

However, medical marijuana is legal in 33 states, including Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, and Ohio. These states allow medical marijuana (sometimes called medical cannabis) for use in Tourette symptoms(37).

What Is Tourette Syndrome?

Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder affecting brain receptors and the nervous system.

TS also causes “tics” or sudden and repeated movements or sounds(38).

Vocal tics are TS symptoms that may include involuntary swearing, grunts, clicks, random words, or animal sounds(39). In severe forms of TS, vocal tics may develop into coprolalia, or uncontrolled use of inappropriate language(40).

Individuals diagnosed with TS may also exhibit other illnesses or comorbidities, which may include the following neuropsychiatric disorders(41):

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

About 90% of people with TS suffer from one or more of these conditions(42)

At present, there is no cure to treat Tourette syndrome. However, doctors can prescribe antidepressants, anti-seizure medications, or ADHD medications to help control tics or related symptoms(43).

Antipsychotics like risperidone and aripiprazole may also help with motor tics(44).

Researchers have explored anticonvulsants as a possible treatment for TS(45). Meanwhile, studies suggest that CBD may help reduce convulsions(46).

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How can CBD help with Tourette syndrome?

    CBD is a cannabis plant compound purported to have anticonvulsant(47) and neuroprotective properties(48). These benefits may help individuals manage neurological disorders.

    Researchers are considering anticonvulsants as a possible treatment for TS(49). Studies suggest that CBD may help manage convulsions(50).

  • Is there evidence or research that shows CBD helps with Tourette syndrome?

    Currently, there is no clear evidence that CBD directly helps with TS. However, one study suggests that the combination of CBD and THC may lessen the frequency of vocal and motor tics in people with Tourette syndrome(51).   

    Another research noted that CBD may have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties(52). These characteristics may benefit individuals with TS.

  • Will CBD make Tourette syndrome worse?

    There is no conclusive proof at present that CBD makes TS worse. However, one study mentioned that CBD may cause sedation and vivid dreams(53).

  • Will CBD interact with medication I may be taking for Tourette syndrome?

    Although there is no cure for TS at present, doctors can recommend anti-seizure or antidepressant medications to manage TS symptoms. Doctors can also prescribe drugs that block or lessen dopamine to help control tics(54).

    However, CBD may prevent the activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes, which are essential in metabolizing or processing pharmaceutical medicines. Inhibiting these enzymes can affect the effectiveness of these drugs(55).

    If you are planning to take CBD, ask a doctor if you can take it with other medications(56).

  • Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help with Tourette syndrome?

    Doctors or psychiatry experts can recommend non-medication solutions to help manage TS or its symptoms.

    These alternative treatments include behavior therapy to help control tics, psychotherapy to help deal with anxiety and depression, or deep brain stimulation (DBS) to help with severe tics(57).

    Initiate a conversation with your doctor to determine if you can take CBD while undergoing these treatment methods.

  • Can I fail a drug test if I use CBD for Tourette syndrome?

    The drug test results should not return positive if the THC level in the CBD product you are using is below 0.3%.

    However, there is a possibility that over time, trace amounts of THC may build up in the body to detectable levels(58). This situation may cause your drug test results to return positive.

  • What is the CBD dosage for Tourette syndrome?

    There is currently no established CBD dosage for TS. Factors like exercise, diet, daily stress, sleep patterns, and genetics may affect your dosage needs(59). Consult a doctor for the dosage needed to help with the disorder.


  1. Anticonvulsant Effects of Cannabidiol in Dravet Syndrome https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5716495/
  2. The Therapeutic Potential of Cannabis and Cannabinoids https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3442177/
  3. Page 103 of Healing With CBD https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  4. Possible Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Tourette Syndrome https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.79895
  5. Preliminary Evidence on Cannabis Effectiveness and Tolerability for Adults With Tourette Syndrome https://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/doi/10.1176/appi.neuropsych.16110310
  6. Possible Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Tourette Syndrome https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.79895
  7. Nabiximols https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-drug/def/nabiximols
  8. Tourette Syndrome https://www.sydney.edu.au/lambert/our-research/tourette-syndrome.html
  9. Possible Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Tourette Syndrome https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.79895
  10. Quality of life in young people with Tourette syndrome: a controlled study https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20859745/#  
  11. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Symptoms https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd/symptoms/
  12. TAA Position Statement on the Use of Medical Marijuana for Tourette Syndrome https://tourette.org/research-medical/medical-marijuana/
  13. Increased risk of epilepsy in children with Tourette syndrome: A population-based case-control study https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26597416/
  14. Anticonvulsant Effects of Cannabidiol in Dravet Syndrome https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5716495/
  15. Dravet Syndrome https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/dravet-syndrome-spectrum/
  16. Page 190-193 of Healing With CBD https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  17. 5 Vaping Facts You Need to Know https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/5-truths-you-need-to-know-about-vaping
  18. CBD Dosing https://www.projectcbd.org/guidance/cbd-dosing
  19. Page 218 of Healing With CBD https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  20. Page 190-193 of Healing With CBD https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  21. Ibid.
  22. How to Shop for CBD https://www.consumerreports.org/cbd/how-to-shop-for-cbd/
  23. Tetrahydrocannabinol https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/tetrahydrocannabinol
  24. Farm Bill section 10113 https://www.ams.usda.gov/sites/default/files/HempExecSumandLegalOpinion.pdf
  25. The Cannabis Terpenes https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7763918/
  26. Flavonoids as antioxidants https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10924197/
  27. Page 92 of Healing With CBD https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  28. Nabiximols https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/nabiximols
  29. Significant Tic Reduction in An Otherwise Treatment-Resistant Patient with Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome Following Treatment with Nabiximols https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5447929/
  30. Ibid.
  31. Dosage, Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol Administration in Adults: A Systematic Review of Human Trials https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092763/
  32. CANNABIDIOL (CBD) Pre-Review Report Agenda Item 5.2 https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/5.2_CBD.pdf
  33. CBD & THC: Myths and Misconceptions https://www.projectcbd.org/guidance/cbd-thc-myths-and-misconceptions
  34. Hemp Production and the 2018 Farm Bill https://www.fda.gov/news-events/congressional-testimony/hemp-production-and-2018-farm-bill-07252019
  35. FDA Approves First Drug Comprised of an Active Ingredient Derived from Marijuana to Treat Rare, Severe Forms of Epilepsy https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-first-drug-comprised-active-ingredient-derived-marijuana-treat-rare-severe-forms
  36. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD) https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  37. TAA Position Statement on the Use of Medical Marijuana for Tourette Syndrome https://tourette.org/research-medical/medical-marijuana/
  38. What is Tourette Syndrome? https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/facts.html
  39. Tourette’s Syndrome https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/tourettes-syndrome/
  40. Five Things You May Not Know About Tourette Syndrome https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/features/tourette-five-things.html
  41. Quality of life in young people with Tourette syndrome: a controlled study https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20859745/#
  42. Effects of comorbidity on Tourette’s tic severity and quality of life https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6899939/
  43. Tourette Syndrome: Diagnosis & Treatment https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tourette-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350470
  44. Case of Secondary Tics Associated With Olanzapine in an Adult https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00150/full
  45. Antiepileptic drugs and Tourette syndrome https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24295627/
  46. Anticonvulsant Effects of Cannabidiol in Dravet Syndrome https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5716495/
  47. Ibid.
  48. The Therapeutic Potential of Cannabis and Cannabinoids https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3442177/
  49. Antiepileptic drugs and Tourette syndrome https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24295627/
  50. Anticonvulsant Effects of Cannabidiol in Dravet Syndrome https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5716495/
  51. Possible Role of the Endocannabinoid System in Tourette Syndrome https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.79895
  52. The Therapeutic Potential of Cannabis and Cannabinoids https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3442177/
  53. Cannabidiol prescription in clinical practice: an audit on the first 400 patients in New Zealand https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330185/
  54. Tourette Syndrome: Diagnosis & Treatment https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tourette-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350470
  55. Page 114-115 of Healing With CBD https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  56. CBD and other medications: Proceed with caution https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cbd-and-other-medications-proceed-with-caution-2021011121743
  57. Tourette Syndrome: Diagnosis & Treatment https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tourette-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350470
  58. Can You Take CBD and Pass a Drug Test? https://www.consumerreports.org/cbd/can-you-take-cbd-and-pass-a-drug-test/
  59. CBD Dosing https://www.projectcbd.org/guidance/cbd-dosing
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