Best CBD Oil for Multiple Sclerosis

Are you considering trying CBD for MS (multiple sclerosis) symptoms like inflammation, pain, fatigue, and muscle spasticity? CBD Clinicals has listed the best CBD oil that may help with MS.

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil

4.8 out of 5
  1. Peppermint flavor masks any unpleasant taste
  2. Contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full
  3. Bottle includes a graduated dropper for correct serving measurement

Best CBD Purity

NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil

5.0 out of 5
  1. Natural remedy for various illnesses
  2. Product is full-spectrum whole-plant extract
  3. Contains naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes

Best High Potency

Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil

5.0 out of 5
  1. Maximum possible potency
  2. Each dropper full contains 80mg of CBD
  3. Conveniently fits in a 30mL bottle

Best Value

Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg

4.6 out of 5
  1. Proprietary full-spectrum
  2. Developed using advanced AVIDA CORE Spectrum Technology
  3. Highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3)

Best Value

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg

4.7 out of 5
  1. Made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp
  2. Available in many flavours
  3. Safe for daily use

Best THC Free

CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures

4.4 out of 5
  1. Do not contain THC
  2. Available in different potencies and sizes
  3. Brand has special deals and offers

Best Customer Rated

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg

4.4 out of 5
  1. THC-free
  2. Has plenty of flavours to choose from
  3. Totally vegan

Best For Beginners

NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil

4.6 out of 5
  1. Lowest concentration for CBD beginners
  2. Fully organic and lab-tested
  3. Full-spectrum

Best Flavor Range

Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil

3.9 out of 5
  1. Has a wide range of flavours
  2. Safe to intake
  3. Get 20% off when you avail of their subscription
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Compare the Best CBD Oil for Multiple Sclerosis in 2022

ProductPotencyPurityCustomer ServiceTypeExtractionTransparencyAbsorption
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
4.8 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
4.6 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
3.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
4.7 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
4.4 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
4.4 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
4.6 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
3.9 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5

Best CBD Oil for Multiple Sclerosis

1. Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

4.8

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

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Transparency

ProsCons

Mid-strength

No other flavors

Natural peppermint flavor

Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients

Overview

Each bottle of the 750mg CBD oil tincture contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full. The oil is peppermint flavor to mask any unpleasant tastes related to CBD.

2. NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

5.0

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

ProsCons

Pure CBD hemp

No other flavors

All natural

Approximately 300 drops total

Overview

Natural remedy for various illnesses. NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil is a whole-plant extract containing a full spectrum of naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes.

3. Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

5.0

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

ProsCons

Extra Strength

Tastes bitter

No artificial flavoring or colors

No THC-free option

Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients

Overview

The largest bottle of CBD oil that Spruce offers contains 2,400mg of CBD. This is full-spectrum CBD oil, which is the maximum possible potency. Each high potency dropper full contains 80mg of CBD. There are no flavorings in it, which allows for the most CBD to fit in the 30ml bottle.

4. Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
cbdc overall score

4.6

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

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Transparency

ProsCons

Light Spearmint flavor

No other flavor

Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test

Overview

Avida Extracts Full Spectrum CBD oil is the latest iteration of the brand’s advanced Avida CORE Spectrum technology. They use a proprietary full spectrum blend, resulting in the highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3) to support your health.

5. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
cbdc overall score

4.7

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

ProsCons

Various delicious flavors to choose from

cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options

Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients

Free shipping for this particular product within USA

World-class customer service team

Overview

cbdMD’s CBD oil tinctures are made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp and MCT oil as a carrier oil. Tinctures are offered in orange, mint, natural, and berry flavors. Safe for daily use, the oil tinctures are packaged with a built-in rubber dropper to adjust CBD dosage easily. The packaging is made to be easy to transport and discreet to use.

6. CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
cbdc overall score

4.4

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

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Transparency

ProsCons

60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee

Dropper is a bit shaky

Various strengths

Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp

Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices

Overview

CBDistillery’s Isolate CBD Oil Tinctures harness the power of pure CBD. CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures include 0.0% THC. When you use CBDistillery CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures, you can be assured you’re using the highest quality CBD on the market.

7. NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

4.6

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

ProsCons

Pure CBD hemp

No other flavors

All natural

A bit pricey compared to competitors

Approximately 100 drops total

Overview

This is one of several concentrations from NuLeaf Naturals. As the lowest concentration, it is the company’s best option for those new to CBD oil. The product is lab-tested and fully organic. It is full-spectrum, so it contains THC in small quantities.

8. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
cbdc overall score

4.4

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

ProsCons

Vegan and Gluten free

Does not ship internationally

Has a third-party lab test

Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes

Overview

A 750mg bottle of cbdMD’s Broad Spectrum Oil Tincture does not contain THC. It also has a fairly wide flavor range which is perfect for those who prefer other taste. Vegan consumers are considered since cbdMD offers Vegan products. Aside from all of that, another reason why people love cbdMD is because it’s free from harmful chemicals.

9. Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

3.9

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

ProsCons

Wide variety of flavors

Incomplete information about the product

Lab test results are complete

Does not ship to all international countries

30-day money-back guarantee

Overview

Hemp Bombs offer CBD Oil Tinctures that come in a 30ml bottle containing 750mg of CBD. They provide a wide range of flavors perfect for those that have a knack for sweets. Consumers can safely intake this because it’s free of chemicals and pesticides. Hemp Bombs also offer a 20% off on products upon subscription.

How CBD May Help With Multiple Sclerosis

A 2018 study from the journal Frontiers in Neurology suggested that CBD may help improve mobility in individuals with multiple sclerosis(1).

Multiple sclerosis is a long-lasting disease of the central nervous system, including the brain and the spinal cord(2)

CBD (cannabidiol), a plant-based cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant, is believed to have pain-relieving effects and anti-inflammatory properties(3-5). These purported health benefits may help with multiple sclerosis symptoms

A review from CNS and Neurological Disorders suggested that CBD appears to have a positive interaction with serotonin receptors in the brain(6). Serotonin is the hormone responsible for stabilizing people’s mood, happiness, and overall well-being. 

Research supports the notion that some depressed individuals have reduced serotonin transmission(7)

Since CBD seems to interact with serotonin receptors in the brain positively, the non-psychoactive compound may help with depression. The condition is a common MS symptom along with inflammation, pain, fatigue, and muscle spasticity(8)

Aside from CBD’s purported therapeutic effects, the compound may also interact with the body’s ECS or endocannabinoid system(9)

The ECS plays a prominent role in the human body for survival by maintaining homeostasis(10). Homeostasis refers to how biological systems maintain stability while adjusting to environmental conditions. 

THE ECS consists of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), endocannabinoids, and enzymes(11)

A study hypothesized that the activation of CB1 and CB2 receptors may reduce nociceptive processing in an acute and chronic animal model of pain(12).  

Damage to the body tissue causes nociceptive pain. In multiple sclerosis, nociceptive pain may result from musculoskeletal issues like muscle spasms, injuries, or stiffness(13)

Although CBD has little binding affinity for both cannabinoid receptors, the compound may antagonize them in the presence of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)(14)

THC is the mind-altering chemical in resin produced by buds and leaves primarily of the female cannabis plant(15)

It has been demonstrated that CBD may act synergistically with THC and contribute to the analgesic properties of medicinal-based cannabis extract(16)

In addition, CBD may reduce the efficacy and potency of THC and reduce the perception of pain(17)

Research from the British Journal of Pharmacology mentioned that cannabinoids, like CBD and THC, have shown promise in animal models of multiple sclerosis(18)

Sativex, an oromucosal spray delivering THC and CBD, is believed to be effective in pain control and spasticity(19). Spasticity causes muscle stiffness or an abnormal increase in muscle tone. 

While these findings are promising, more longitudinal human clinical trials are warranted to confirm CBD’s efficacy as a medical treatment option for multiple sclerosis

The Benefits of CBD for Multiple Sclerosis

Research from the journal Frontiers in Neurology suggests that CBD has various beneficial pharmacological effects, including anti-inflammatory, antipsychotic, antioxidative, and neuroprotective properties(20)

A web-based survey hosted by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society showed that 66% of individuals with MS use cannabis for symptoms of multiple sclerosis(21)

The term “cannabis” refers to products derived from the Cannabis sativa plant(22)

An article from the NCCIH (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health) mentioned that there are pieces of evidence that suggest modest benefits of cannabis or cannabinoids, like THC and CBD, for chronic pain and MS(23).

A study from the Neural Plasticity journal examined the efficacy of Sativex in the management of MS-related spasticity(24).  

Sativex is an oromucosal spray that acts as a partial agonist at cannabinoid receptors. The drug is used to help regulate the balance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters, resulting in muscle relaxation. 

Sativex has a 1:1 CBD-THC ratio(25)

Researchers conducted a single-center, five-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group trial in 66 MS patients with central pain(26).

The researchers used a whole-plant CBM (cannabis-based medicine) containing THC and CBD delivered via an oromucosal spray. 

Each spray delivered 2.7mg of THC and 2.5mg of CBD. Meanwhile, patients could gradually self-titrate (increase their dosage) to a maximum of 48 sprays in 24 hours. 

The results showed that CBM may help reduce pain and sleep disturbance in patients with MS-related central neuropathic pain. CBM may also be well tolerated(27). For these reasons, using CBD may benefit those people with multiple sclerosis.  

How to Take CBD for Multiple Sclerosis

CBD oil products for multiple sclerosis are available in various forms and formulations, including:

  • CBD topicals like creams, lotions, and salves 
  • CBD tinctures
  • CBD edibles like capsules and gummies
  • CBD vapes  

You may apply CBD tinctures sublingually (under the tongue)(28)

The sublingual route of administration relies on the mucous membranes under the tongue. The capillaries in the connective tissue diffuse CBD, which penetrates the bloodstream. 

The sublingual method is also a fast-acting solution, with an onset time between 15 to 30 minutes(29)

Hence, multiple sclerosis patients seeking immediate relief may find the sublingual route beneficial.

CBD Dosage for Multiple Sclerosis

Sativex has been used in the management of MS-related spasticity(30). Still, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has not approved Sativex (nabiximols) as a medical treatment(31)

Therefore, there is no standard CBD dosage for multiple sclerosis(32)

According to the WHO (World Health Organization), cannabidiol has a good safety profile and is well tolerated in humans and animals(33)

In addition, mid-range doses of CBD between 10mg and 100mg per day may help with pain, inflammation, depression, and multiple sclerosis(34)

Still, it is best to work with a physician experienced in the use of CBD or medical marijuana for accurate dosage and delivery methods.   

How Long Does CBD Take to Help Multiple Sclerosis?

How long CBD takes to help with multiple sclerosis depends on a few factors, including the method of administration. 

For instance, if you take CBD under your tongue, you will typically feel the effects of CBD within 15 to 30 minutes(35)

Meanwhile, you will usually feel the effects of CBD within 30 to 90 minutes if you choose CBD edibles(36)

You can add CBD oil or tincture to your food and beverages(37)

A study from the University of Minnesota hypothesized that high-fat food may increase oral CBD absorption into the body(38)

How Long Will CBD Help With Multiple Sclerosis?

The sublingual route avoids the stomach and liver. Therefore, the bioavailability of CBD in this method is between 6% and 20%(39)

On the other hand, the bioavailability of CBD via the ingestion route is between 6% and 15%(40)

Bioavailability refers to a measure of absorption rate(41). It is the extent to which a substance becomes entirely available to its intended biological destination(42)

How to Choose the Right CBD for Multiple Sclerosis

Choosing the right CBD products for MS can be challenging because various CBD brands are available, especially online. 

Below are a few important factors you must consider before purchasing CBD oil to help manage symptoms of MS and improve overall wellness:

1. Learn more about CBD extracts. You may choose full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, or CBD isolates.

A CBD product is considered full spectrum if all extracts of the cannabis plant, including cannabidiol and other cannabinoids, essential oils, terpenes, and flavonoids, are used(43)

A product should also have a THC concentration of less than 0.3%(44).

Terpenes are the components of essential oils responsible for the aroma of cannabis(45)

On the other hand, flavonoids are active compounds found in cannabis. They contribute to the pigmentation, aroma, and flavor of cannabis through synergistic relationships with active compounds like terpenes(46).

Unlike full-spectrum CBD oil, broad-spectrum CBD is nearly THC-free(47). Meanwhile, CBD isolates are made of pure CBD.  

2. Research about CBD brands, dispensaries, and online stores. Find out how other customers perceive these merchants by reading customer reviews and feedback about their products.

3. Look for COAs (certificates of analysis) and lab reports. Ensure that the CBD company you choose enlists the services of a third-party laboratory. 

COA and lab reports must provide the product’s CBD content and confirm the absence of residual solvents, pesticides, and other harmful substances. 

4. Check if the brand’s product label claims match the values in the COA. Also, look for any disclaimers regarding the product.  

5. If you have food allergies, be particularly diligent about choosing CBD products with carrier oils you know are safe for you. Ensure that all active ingredients are specified on the label. 

Common carrier oils include olive oil, MCT (medium chain triglycerides) oil from coconut oil, and hempseed oil

Although hempseed oil does not contain CBD, the extract is rich in nutrients and fatty acids(48). Hempseed oil is made from the pressed seeds of hemp plants

Risks and Side Effects of Using CBD for Multiple Sclerosis

CBD is relatively safe and well tolerated in humans and animals(49). Still, this non-psychoactive compound may carry some risks and minor side effects, such as(50):

  • Diarrhea
  • Dry mouth
  • Reduced appetite
  • Drowsiness
  • Fatigue 

Another cause for concern is CBD’s possible interaction with other prescription medications

Cannabidiol may inhibit cytochrome P450 enzyme production at high doses(51)

Cytochrome P450 enzymes are a family of liver enzymes that metabolize almost 60% of the pharmaceutical drugs people consume(52)

Corticosteroids (steroids) are anti-inflammatory drugs used to treat multiple sclerosis attacks(53).  

Corticosteroids may interact with CBD(54). They may also induce side effects like increased blood pressure(55)

Legality of CBD

The 2018 Farm Bill removed the term “hemp” from the definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. Currently, hemp is defined as Cannabis sativa L. and cannabis derivatives with less than 0.3% THC concentration on a dry weight basis(56-57).  

Some states have passed laws allowing the use of recreational or medical marijuana. For example, Colorado legalized marijuana for adults over age 21(58-59)

Rules and regulations regarding medical cannabis and legal marijuana vary in each state. Thus, awareness of these legislations is important. 

In addition, a talk with a physician experienced in cannabis use is highly recommended if you are considering using cannabis products like cannabis oils for MS or any medical conditions.

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How can CBD help with multiple sclerosis?

    Multiple sclerosis occurs when your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks your CNS (central nervous system)(60)

    Within your CNS, the immune system causes inflammation that damages the fatty substance surrounding and insulating the nerve fibers. This fatty substance is called myelin

    Relapsing-remitting MS is a type of multiple sclerosis that causes inflammatory attacks on the myelin and nerve fibers(61)

    The symptoms of MS typically involve pain and inflammation(62). CBD may help with pain relief(63). It also has anti-inflammatory properties(64).

    Hence, CBD may help with multiple sclerosis.

  • What evidence or research exists to say that CBD helps with multiple sclerosis?

    A 2018 research suggests that CBD may improve mobility in people with multiple sclerosis(65).

  • Is there any evidence that CBD can make multiple sclerosis worse?

    No evidence exists suggesting that CBD can make multiple sclerosis worse. According to the WHO, CBD is relatively safe(66).

  • Will CBD interact with any current medication I may be taking for multiple sclerosis?

    Yes. CBD may interact with corticosteroids (steroids)(67). Corticosteroids are usually prescribed to reduce nerve inflammation(68). These anti-inflammatory drugs are often used in treating MS attacks.

  • Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help with multiple sclerosis?

    Corticosteroids are typically used in treating MS attacks. However, they induce side effects, including fluid retention and increased blood pressure(69).

    Therefore, it is advisable to talk with your physician if you are considering taking other treatments alongside CBD to help with MS.

  • Can I fail a drug test if I use CBD for multiple sclerosis?

    No. CBD is non-psychoactive(70). If you use CBD products without traces of THC, your urine drug test will not yield a positive result for THC metabolites(71).

  • What is the dosage for multiple sclerosis?

    There is no standard CBD dosage for MS. However, it is believed that mid-range doses of CBD between 10mg and 100mg per day may help with multiple sclerosis(72).

  • What are the side effects of using CBD oil for multiple sclerosis?

    No studies specifically state the side effects of using CBD oil for MS. However, using CBD oil may bring about minor side effects, such as diarrhea and drowsiness(73).

  • What are some methods to take CBD oil for multiple sclerosis?

    You can take CBD oil sublingually (under the tongue) or ingest it. You may feel the effects of CBD via the sublingual route within 15 to 30 minutes(74).

    Meanwhile, ingested CBD usually takes 30 to 90 minutes to take effect(75).


  1. Cannabidiol to Improve Mobility in People with Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5874292/
  2. Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350269
  3. Cannabis (Marijuana) and Cannabinoids: What You Need To Know
    https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/cannabis-marijuana-and-cannabinoids-what-you-need-to-know
  4. Research Shows Pain-Relieving Effects of CBD
    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/04/210423130221.htm
  5. Antioxidative and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Cannabidiol
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7023045/
  6. Antidepressant-Like and Anxiolytic-Like Effects of Cannabidiol: A Chemical Compound of Cannabis sativa
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24923339/
  7. What Causes Depression?
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/what-causes-depression
  8. Cannabidiol to Improve Mobility in People with Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5874292/
  9. The Endocannabinoid System, Our Universal Regulator
    https://www.jyi.org/2018-june/2018/6/1/the-endocannabinoid-system-our-universal-regulator
  10. The Endocannabinoid System, Our Universal Regulator
    https://www.jyi.org/2018-june/2018/6/1/the-endocannabinoid-system-our-universal-regulator
  11. An Introduction to the Endogenous Cannabinoid System
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4789136/
  12. Cannabinoid Receptors and Pain
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wmts.83
  13. Study Provides New Information on MS Pain that May Improve its Treatment
    https://www.nationalmssociety.org/About-the-Society/News/Study-Provides-New-Information-on-MS-Pain-that-May
  14. Cannabinoids and Pain: New Insights From Old Molecules
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2018.01259/full
  15. What Is Marijuana?
    https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/what-marijuana
  16. Cannabinoids and Pain: New Insights From Old Molecules
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2018.01259/full
  17. Ibid.
  18. The Endocannabinoid System as a Target for the Treatment of Neurodegenerative Disease
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2931550/
  19. Ibid.
  20. Cannabidiol to Improve Mobility in People with Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5874292/
  21. Ibid.
  22. Cannabis (Marijuana) and Cannabinoids: What You Need To Know
    https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/cannabis-marijuana-and-cannabinoids-what-you-need-to-know
  23. Ibid.
  24. Sativex in the Management of Multiple Sclerosis-Related Spasticity: Role of the Corticospinal Modulation
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25699191/
  25. THC and CBD Oromucosal Spray (Sativex®) in the Management of Spasticity Associated With Multiple Sclerosis
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21456949/
  26. Randomized, Controlled Trial of Cannabis-Based Medicine in Central Pain in Multiple Sclerosis
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16186518/
  27. Ibid.
  28. Healing With CBD, page 205.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  29. Healing With CBD, page 207.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  30. Sativex in the Management of Multiple Sclerosis-Related Spasticity: Role of the Corticospinal Modulation
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25699191/
  31. Authors’ Response to Correspondence Titled “Sativex (Nabiximols) Is Not ‘Alternative’”
    https://n.neurology.org/content/authors-response-correspondence-titled-sativex-nabiximols-not-alternative
  32. Sativex in the Management of Multiple Sclerosis-Related Spasticity: Role of the Corticospinal Modulation
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25699191/
  33. Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf
  34. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  35. Healing With CBD, page 192.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  36. Healing With CBD, page 191.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  37. Healing With CBD, page 205.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  38. High-Fat Foods Can Increase Oral Cannabidiol Absorption Into the Body
    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/08/190813130426.htm
  39. Healing With CBD, page 207.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  40. Healing With CBD, page 191.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  41. Healing With CBD, page 195.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  42. Drug Bioavailability
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK557852/
  43. Cannabidiol Primer for Healthcare Professionals
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7340472/
  44. Ibid.
  45. The Cannabis Terpenes
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7763918/
  46. Healing With CBD, page 282.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  47. Cannabidiol Primer for Healthcare Professionals
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7340472/
  48. Hemp Seed Oil Properties
    https://extension.okstate.edu/fact-sheets/hemp-seed-oil-properties.html
  49. Cannabidiol (CBD), page 5.
    https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf
  50. What Are the Benefits of CBD — And Is It Safe to Use?
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/is-cbd-safe-and-effective/faq-20446700
  51. Healing With CBD, page 114.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  52. Ibid.
  53. Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350274
  54. Healing With CBD, page 115.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  55. Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350274
  56. Hemp Production and the 2018 Farm Bill
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/congressional-testimony/hemp-production-and-2018-farm-bill-07252019
  57. Hemp Extracts: The Dry Weight Problem
    https://www.lacba.org/docs/default-source/section-documents/cannabis-law/cannabis-newsletter-jan-2021/4_thorne.pdf
  58. The Federal Controlled Substances Act: Schedules and Pharmacy Registration
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3839489/
  59. Legal Marijuana Use in Colorado
    https://cannabis.colorado.gov/legal-marijuana-use-in-colorado
  60. Definition of MS
    https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/Definition-of-MS
  61. Relapsing-Remitting Ms (RRMS)
    https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/Types-of-MS/Relapsing-remitting-MS
  62. Cannabidiol to Improve Mobility in People with Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5874292/
  63. Research Shows Pain-Relieving Effects of CBD
    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/04/210423130221.htm
  64. Antioxidative and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Cannabidiol
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7023045/
  65. Cannabidiol to Improve Mobility in People with Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5874292/
  66. Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf
  67. Healing With CBD, page 115.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  68. Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350274
  69. Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350274
  70. Cannabidiol and Other Non-Psychoactive Cannabinoids for Prevention and Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders: Useful Nutraceuticals?
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246936/
  71. Cannabidiol to Improve Mobility in People with Multiple Sclerosis
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5874292/
  72. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis, page 129.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  73. What Are the Benefits of CBD — And Is It Safe to Use?
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/is-cbd-safe-and-effective/faq-20446700
  74. Healing With CBD, page 192.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  75. Healing With CBD, page 191.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view

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