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Best CBD Oil for Diarrhea

Are you looking for a means to improve wellness and alleviate digestive issues linked to diarrhea? Read on to help find the best cannabidiol (CBD) oil for diarrhea and related symptoms so you can make a more informed decision.

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil


4.8 out of 5
  1. Peppermint flavor masks any unpleasant taste
  2. Contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full
  3. Bottle includes a graduated dropper for correct serving measurement

Best CBD Purity

NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil


5.0 out of 5
  1. Natural remedy for various illnesses
  2. Product is full-spectrum whole-plant extract
  3. Contains naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes

Best High Potency

Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil


5.0 out of 5
  1. Maximum possible potency
  2. Each dropper full contains 80mg of CBD
  3. Conveniently fits in a 30mL bottle

Best Value

Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg


4.6 out of 5
  1. Proprietary full-spectrum
  2. Developed using advanced AVIDA CORE Spectrum Technology
  3. Highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3)

Best Value

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg


4.7 out of 5
  1. Made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp
  2. Available in many flavours
  3. Safe for daily use

Best THC Free

CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures


4.4 out of 5
  1. Do not contain THC
  2. Available in different potencies and sizes
  3. Brand has special deals and offers

Best Customer Rated

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg


4.4 out of 5
  1. THC-free
  2. Has plenty of flavours to choose from
  3. Totally vegan

Best For Beginners

NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil


4.6 out of 5
  1. Lowest concentration for CBD beginners
  2. Fully organic and lab-tested
  3. Full-spectrum

Best Flavor Range

Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil


3.9 out of 5
  1. Has a wide range of flavours
  2. Safe to intake
  3. Get 20% off when you avail of their subscription

Compare the best CBD for Diarrhea in 2022

Product Potency Purity Customer Service Type Extraction Transparency Absorption
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
4.8 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
4.6 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

3.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
4.7 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
4.4 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
4.4 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
4.6 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
3.9 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

Best CBD Oil for Diarrhea

1. Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
4.8
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Mid-strength  No other flavors
 Natural peppermint flavor
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Pros
 Mid-strength
 Natural peppermint flavor
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Cons
 No other flavors
Overview

Each bottle of the 750mg CBD oil tincture contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full. The oil is peppermint flavor to mask any unpleasant tastes related to CBD.

2. NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
5.0
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Pure CBD hemp  No other flavors
 All natural
 Approximately 300 drops total
Pros
 Pure CBD hemp
 All natural
 Approximately 300 drops total
Cons
 No other flavors
Overview

Natural remedy for various illnesses. NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil is a whole-plant extract containing a full spectrum of naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes.

3. Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
5.0
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Extra Strength  Tastes bitter
 No artificial flavoring or colors  No THC-free option
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Pros
 Extra Strength
 No artificial flavoring or colors
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Cons
 Tastes bitter
 No THC-free option
Overview

The largest bottle of CBD oil that Spruce offers contains 2,400mg of CBD. This is full-spectrum CBD oil, which is the maximum possible potency. Each high potency dropper full contains 80mg of CBD. There are no flavorings in it, which allows for the most CBD to fit in the 30ml bottle.

4. Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
cbdc overall score
4.6
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Light Spearmint flavor  No other flavor
 Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test
Pros
 Light Spearmint flavor
 Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test
Cons
 No other flavor
Overview

Avida Extracts Full Spectrum CBD oil is the latest iteration of the brand’s advanced Avida CORE Spectrum technology. They use a proprietary full spectrum blend, resulting in the highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3) to support your health.

5. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
cbdc overall score
4.7
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Various delicious flavors to choose from  cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
 Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
 Free shipping for this particular product within USA
 World-class customer service team
Pros
 Various delicious flavors to choose from
 Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
 Free shipping for this particular product within USA
 World-class customer service team
Cons
 cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
Overview

cbdMD’s CBD oil tinctures are made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp and MCT oil as a carrier oil. Tinctures are offered in orange, mint, natural, and berry flavors. Safe for daily use, the oil tinctures are packaged with a built-in rubber dropper to adjust CBD dosage easily. The packaging is made to be easy to transport and discreet to use.

6. CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
cbdc overall score
4.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee  Dropper is a bit shaky
 Various strengths
 Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
 Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
Pros
 60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee
 Various strengths
 Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
 Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
Cons
 Dropper is a bit shaky
Overview

CBDistillery’s Isolate CBD Oil Tinctures harness the power of pure CBD. CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures include 0.0% THC. When you use CBDistillery CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures, you can be assured you’re using the highest quality CBD on the market.

7. NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
4.6
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Pure CBD hemp  No other flavors
 All natural  A bit pricey compared to competitors
 Approximately 100 drops total
Pros
 Pure CBD hemp
 All natural
 Approximately 100 drops total
Cons
 No other flavors
 A bit pricey compared to competitors
Overview

This is one of several concentrations from NuLeaf Naturals. As the lowest concentration, it is the company’s best option for those new to CBD oil. The product is lab-tested and fully organic. It is full-spectrum, so it contains THC in small quantities.

8. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
cbdc overall score
4.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Vegan and Gluten free  Does not ship internationally
 Has a third-party lab test
 Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes
Pros
 Vegan and Gluten free
 Has a third-party lab test
 Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes
Cons
 Does not ship internationally
Overview

A 750mg bottle of cbdMD’s Broad Spectrum Oil Tincture does not contain THC. It also has a fairly wide flavor range which is perfect for those who prefer other taste. Vegan consumers are considered since cbdMD offers Vegan products. Aside from all of that, another reason why people love cbdMD is because it’s free from harmful chemicals.

9. Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
3.9
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Wide variety of flavors  Incomplete information about the product
 Lab test results are complete  Does not ship to all international countries
 30-day money-back guarantee
Pros
 Wide variety of flavors
 Lab test results are complete
 30-day money-back guarantee
Cons
 Incomplete information about the product
 Does not ship to all international countries
Overview

Hemp Bombs offer CBD Oil Tinctures that come in a 30ml bottle containing 750mg of CBD. They provide a wide range of flavors perfect for those that have a knack for sweets. Consumers can safely intake this because it’s free of chemicals and pesticides. Hemp Bombs also offer a 20% off on products upon subscription.

How CBD Helps With Diarrhea

CBD oil interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), so an individual feels the purported benefits of CBD(1).

The ECS may help relieve diarrhea as a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by reducing intestinal inflammation(2).

The ECS is essential for managing various bodily functions, such as inflammation, healthy blood pressure, balancing stress levels, and immune responses.

The system regulates these bodily functions by producing chemical compounds called endocannabinoids(3).

The ECS also has a crucial role in maintaining a healthy gut(4). However, more research is warranted to understand the impact of the ECS on the digestive system’s processes.

Still, it has been shown that the ECS impacts inflammatory responses and motility, essential to overall digestive tract health(5).

The gastrointestinal (GI) tract consists of a complex muscle and nerve system that permits food to pass. Issues with these muscles and nerves may increase contractions or motility within the gut, resulting in diarrhea and other digestive problems(6).

Additionally, the ECS maintains balance through cannabinoid receptors (CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors) located in the immune system, nervous system, and related structures(7).

CBD triggers CB1 and CB2 receptors in the ECS. The receptors are connected to the ECS’ involvement in anxiety and depression(8). They are also related to inflammatory bowel syndrome (IBS) and Crohn’s disease(9).

Benefits and Uses of CBD for Diarrhea

Research suggests that CBD may possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties(10). It may help relieve diarrhea by reducing intestinal inflammation and relieving symptoms of digestive disorders such as irritable bowel disease (IBD)(11-12).

In an animal study published by the British Journal of Pharmacology, medical researchers investigated a rat model with acute colitis(13). The researchers reported that CBD with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) decreased inflammation and lowered gut movement(14).

The results indicate that CBD may help regulate proper digestive tract function. More research on human subjects is necessitated to determine whether CBD may produce similar results.

Anxiety and stress may cause symptoms connected to IBS(15). Such signs may be manifested in IBS symptoms, including acid reflux, diarrhea, bloating, chronic pain, constipation, weight loss, and excess gastric acid(16).

In a study published by the Neurotherapeutics journal, researchers hypothesized CBD’s potential use as a treatment for anxiety disorder based on how it affects the ECS(17).

Thus, CBD may help individuals feel more relaxed and reduce the risk of experiencing stress-associated gastrointestinal discomfort.

Meanwhile, a 2017 medical review suggested that CBD and other cannabinoids may help reduce diarrhea symptoms and abdominal pain(18). The researchers collected data from small clinical studies and surveys involving IBD patients.

Additionally, the researchers stated that increased cannabinoid levels may improve inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)(19).

In a rodent study, researchers noted that CBD may help gastrointestinal inflammation by activating specific cells and controlling the inflammatory response(20).

Medical experts suggest that CBD may be used to develop a class of medications for various digestive tract disturbances(21).

Another rodent study showed CBD’s relaxant properties, reducing hypermobility in mice subjects(22). Hypermobility is the abnormal movement of the digestive tract. The condition may be associated with diarrhea(23).

Meanwhile, researchers in an animal study reported that CBD reduced gastrointestinal motility in mice with the inflammatory condition sepsis(24).

Researchers have conducted numerous past studies on CBD’s effects on rodents. Results of studies on CBD’s impact on the digestive tract may be promising.

Still, longitudinal studies are warranted to determine whether CBD may produce similar results in human subjects. Scientific evidence to validate whether cannabidiol may help manage intestinal disease symptoms is still lacking.

What Is Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is characterized by stomach pains and watery or loose stools. Individuals with diarrhea may experience this digestion problem more than three times a day.

Diarrhea may be linked to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Most diarrhea episodes are brief, although chronic diarrhea may last for weeks(25).

Symptoms of Diarrhea

Diarrhea signs and symptoms include(26):

  • Drowsiness
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Upset stomach
  • Cramping
  • Blood in the stool
  • Uncontrollable bowel movement

You should secure advice from your doctor or healthcare provider if you experience severe pain or symptoms perpetuate for more than a few days. Note that, in severe cases, diarrhea can become life-threatening.

Doctors may prescribe anti-diarrheal medications like pain relief medicines to reduce bowel movements and control severe symptoms.

However, prescription drugs can potentially risk worsening infections and health conditions, preventing the body from stopping diarrhea’s primary cause(27).

How to Take CBD Oil for Diarrhea

Taking CBD in consumable forms is the most straightforward method. These options include CD edibles, CBD gummies, CBD tablets, and CBD brownies.

In a human study on ulcerative colitis, medical researchers administered CBD capsules to subjects(28). Ulcerative colitis is a long-term health condition that causes the colon and rectum to become inflamed.

The researchers reported that most patients showed higher scores on their quality of life(29).

Sublingual administration of CBD is another common method of taking CBD and provides CBD intake that is more controlled. Individuals use CBD oil tincture products, which include a calibrated dropper for this administration method.

The sublingual method requires applying a few CBD oil drops under the tongue and then swallowing after two minutes. The holding period allows the mouth’s mucous membranes to absorb the CBD oil tincture.

CBD topical products, including creams, lotions, balms, and salves, are sometimes available through CBD companies. You may rub CBD topical on your abdomen to help alleviate abdominal pains.

Individuals who want to avoid CBD oil’s natural flavor may prefer flavored vape juice to inhale cannabidiol.

CBD vape oils infuse the CBD chemical compounds through the lungs. However, consider that vaping may result in lung disorders(30).

Thus, it is advisable to consult a licensed physician when using CBD products for the first time. Consider seeking medical advice from a physician with significant experience in CBD products and medical marijuana.

Dosage for Diarrhea 

The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) offers no official dosing guide for CBD for diarrhea.

However, in a 2018 study on ulcerative colitis, researchers administered 50mg of CBD hemp oil to subjects twice a day(31). The researchers observed no side effects in the subjects even after increasing the CBD dosage to 250mg.

However, before starting a cannabidiol regimen, it is imperative to talk to your physician about dosage, usage, and side effects of CBD.

Meanwhile, a study focusing on the administration of CBD for anxiety reported that a daily CBD dosage of 25mg to 175mg produced sufficient clinical response(32). The researchers also reported that CBD was generally well tolerated among the subjects.

In a human study, results indicated that humans may tolerate a dose of CBD as high as 1,500mg a day(33).

How Long CBD Takes to Help With Diarrhea

Researchers have conducted no definitive studies on the amount of time necessitated for individuals to begin feeling biological effects after taking cannabidiol for diarrhea.

The amount of time required to start feeling the biological effects of CBD products varies based on factors such as the type of CBD and administration route.

You may feel the effects of CBD vape oils within a few minutes, sublingual CBD tincture drops within 30 minutes, and  CBD edibles within two hours(34).

Topical administration on the abdomen may produce localized effects within 10 minutes(35). However, more research is necessitated to determine whether CBD topicals enter the bloodstream.

How Long CBD Helps With Diarrhea

Researchers have not conducted studies producing definitive results on the efficacy duration of CBD for diarrhea. CBD’s efficacy duration may differ for individuals with diarrhea.

Experts generally advise beginner users to start using CBD oil at a low dose or amount of CBD. Individuals who experience side effects should stop using CBD or lower the dosage(36).

CBD users may gradually increase the dosage as well tolerated until achieving the desired effects.

Risks and Side Effects of Using CBD for Diarrhea

No clinical evidence exists that definitively proves CBD’s effectiveness in treating diarrhea. However, generally, the potential side effects of CBD include fatigue, diarrhea, drowsiness, nausea, and appetite changes(37).

Like any compound, CBD may interact with prescription medications or dietary supplements that an individual takes for current medical conditions(38).

The FDA has approved only the medication Epidiolex, a CBD-based drug, to treat rare forms of epilepsy(39). Furthermore, the federal agency does not approve the sale of CBD oil products as medicine for any medical condition(40).

How to Choose the Best CBD Oil for Diarrhea

The US FDA has not approved any CBD treatments for diarrhea.

However, the federal agency supports scientifically-based research on the medicinal uses of commercial products containing cannabis or related chemical compounds like CBD(41).

You may choose from three primary types of CBD oil.

Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the natural chemical compounds of Cannabis sativa, including flavonoids, terpenes, fatty acids, and cannabinoids.

Flavonoids are water-soluble pigments extensively represented in plants. Terpenes are aromatic compounds that characterize plants’ distinct smells.

A high-quality full-spectrum hemp extract contains higher cannabidiol levels than other cannabinoids.

CBD manufacturers mix pure CBD oil with a carrier oil, such as MCT oil or hempseed oil. A carrier oil helps the body absorb CBD better.

Full-spectrum CBD oil 6entourage effect, producing synergy through the combination of cannabis plant compounds(42).

Broad-spectrum CBD oil contains nearly the same plant-based phytocannabinoids as full-spectrum CBD. However, broad-spectrum CBD is usually THC-free, making it non-psychoactive.

CBD isolate is pure CBD and typically sells as powders or crystals.

When selecting among the different CBD types, purchase only the best CBD oil that can provide you with the most benefits.

These tips can assist in selecting the best CBD products that may help maximize CBD’s purported health benefits:

  • Ensure a CBD product is produced from organic hemp free of genetically modified organisms (non-GMO). CBD products derived from organic hemp contain less than 0.3% THC, which is the legal limit on the federal level.
  • Avoid CBD products produced from stalks and seeds of hemp plants. Stalks have a minimum amount of CBD, while the seeds have no cannabidiol.
  • Find the CBD product’s certificate of analysis (COA). A product’s COA contains the third-party lab results to demonstrate an item has undergone comprehensive lab testing.
  • Check whether the CBD product’s COA specifications match the product label.
  • Ensure the COA verifies the absence of harmful contaminants in CBD products such as pesticides, heavy metals, chemical additives, and residual solvents.
  • Seek a medical consultation from a physician with experience in using CBD products and medical marijuana before purchasing CBD products.
  • Purchase CBD products from shops and dispensaries that provide a money-back guarantee for the product to help guarantee customer satisfaction. These products usually have disclaimers stating that CBD is not intended as a medicine for any health condition.

Legality of CBD

All U.S. states have varying restrictions on legalized medical marijuana or CBD products(43). Before traveling with CBD products for diarrhea, ensure that you are aware of the different state regulations.

The 2018 Farm Bill is the primary federal law related to CBD within the U.S.(44).

The Farm Bill defined hemp plants as cannabis with less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis, distinguishing them from marijuana plants.

The federal legislation distinguished the hemp and marijuana varieties of Cannabis sativa plants.

The redefinition of hemp plants removed them from the Schedule I category of the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act(45).

Schedule I drugs are substances that are potentially addictive and without recognized health benefits.

Product Frequently
Asked Questions


  1. The Therapeutic Aspects of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) for Cancer and their Development: From Nature to Laboratory
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5412000/
  2. Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Manipulating the Endocannabinoid System as First-Line Treatment
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7186328/
  3. Cannabinoid Receptors and the Endocannabinoid System: Signaling and Function in the Central Nervous System
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29533978/
  4. Cannabinoids and the gut: new developments and emerging concepts
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20117132/
  5. Endocannabinoids in the Gut
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27413788/
  6. Gastrointestinal Diseases
    https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/7040-gastrointestinal-diseases
  7. Exploiting the Multifaceted Effects of Cannabinoids on Mood to Boost Their Therapeutic Use Against Anxiety and Depression
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnmol.2018.00424/full
  8. Endocannabinoid system and mood disorders: priming a target for new therapies
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23261685/
  9. The CB 2 receptor and its role as a regulator of inflammation
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305210993_The_CB2_receptor_and_its_role_as_a_regulator_of_inflammation/link/5f741549a6fdcc0086485531/download
  10. Antioxidative and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Cannabidiol
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7023045/
  11. Cannabidiol Reduces Intestinal Inflammation through the Control of Neuroimmune Axis
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3232190/
  12. Cannabidiol in inflammatory bowel diseases: a brief overview
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22815234/
  13. The effects of Delta-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol alone and in combination on damage, inflammation and in vitro motility disturbances in rat colitis
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20590574/
  14. ibid.
  15. Anxiety, depression and distress among irritable bowel syndrome and their subtypes: An epidemiological population based study
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308386886_Anxiety_depression_and_distress_among_irritable_bowel_syndrome_and_their_subtypes_An_epidemiological_population_based_study
  16. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4342-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs
  17. Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/
  18. Cannabinoids for treating inflammatory bowel diseases: where are we and where do we go?
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28276820/
  19. 1ibid.
  20. Effect of cannabidiol on sepsis-induced motility disturbances in mice: involvement of CB receptors and fatty acid amide hydrolase
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18373655/
  21. Cannabidiol in inflammatory bowel diseases: a brief overview
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22815234/
  22. Cannabidiol, extracted from Cannabis sativa, selectively inhibits inflammatory hypermotility in mice
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2451037/
  23. Evaluation of Chronic Diarrhea
    https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1119.html
  24. Effect of cannabidiol on sepsis-induced motility disturbances in mice: involvement of CB receptors and fatty acid amide hydrolase
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18373655/
  25. Diarrhea
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diarrhea/symptoms-causes/syc-20352241
  26. ibid.
  27. Ibid.
  28. Insights into the role of cannabis in the management of inflammatory bowel disease
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31523278/
  29. ibid.
  30. Pulmonary Toxicity and the Pathophysiology of Electronic Cigarette, or Vaping Product, Use Associated Lung Injury
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2019.01619/full
  31. Cannabis and cannabis oil for the treatment of ulcerative colitis
    https://www.cochrane.org/CD012954/IBD_cannabis-and-cannabis-oil-treatment-ulcerative-colitis
  32. Cannabidiol in Anxiety and Sleep: A Large Case Series
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30624194/
  33. Safety and side effects of cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2211
    9319/
  34. Using CBD for Arthritis: Tips for How to Get Started
    https://creakyjoints.org/alternative-medicine/how-to-take-cbd-for-arthritis/
  35. ibid.
  36. CBD Dosage: What’s the Right Dose of CBD for Pain Relief?
    https://creakyjoints.org/alternative-medicine/cbd-dosage-for-pain/
  37. What are the benefits of CBD — and is it safe to use?
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/is-cbd-safe-and-effective/faq-20446700
  38. Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1439.html
  39. FDA Approves First Drug Comprised of an Active Ingredient Derived from Marijuana to Treat Rare, Severe Forms of Epilepsy
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-first-drug-comprised-active-ingredient-derived-marijuana-treat-rare-severe-forms
  40. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  41. ibid.
  42. The “Entourage Effect”: Terpenes Coupled with Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Mood Disorders and Anxiety Disorders
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324885/
  43. States with Legal Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/states-with-legal-cannabidiol-cbd/
  44. Farm Bill
    https://www.usda.gov/farmbill
  45. Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970a
    https://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-charges/comprehensive-drug-abuse-prevention-and-control-act-of-1970.htm
  46. Endocannabinoids in the Gut
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27413788/
  47. Cannabinoids for treating inflammatory bowel diseases: where are we and where do we go?
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28276820/
  48. Safety and side effects of cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22129319/
  49. Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1439.html
  50. Probiotics for Prevention and Treatment of Diarrhea
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26447963/
  51. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  52. Cannabis and cannabis oil for the treatment of ulcerative colitis
    https://www.cochrane.org/CD012954/IBD_cannabis-and-cannabis-oil-treatment-ulcerative-colitis
  53. Using CBD for Arthritis: Tips for How to Get Started
    https://creakyjoints.org/alternative-medicine/how-to-take-cbd-for-arthritis/
  54. ibid.
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