Best CBD Oil for Bipolar Disorder

Interested in buying cannabidiol (CBD) for bipolar disorder but uncertain about which product to select? CBD Clinicals can help you choose the best CBD product to meet your individual needs.

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil

4.8 out of 5
  1. Peppermint flavor masks any unpleasant taste
  2. Contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full
  3. Bottle includes a graduated dropper for correct serving measurement

Best CBD Purity

NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil

5.0 out of 5
  1. Natural remedy for various illnesses
  2. Product is full-spectrum whole-plant extract
  3. Contains naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes

Best High Potency

Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil

5.0 out of 5
  1. Maximum possible potency
  2. Each dropper full contains 80mg of CBD
  3. Conveniently fits in a 30mL bottle

Best Value

Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg

4.6 out of 5
  1. Proprietary full-spectrum
  2. Developed using advanced AVIDA CORE Spectrum Technology
  3. Highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3)

Best Value

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg

4.7 out of 5
  1. Made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp
  2. Available in many flavours
  3. Safe for daily use

Best THC Free

CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures

4.4 out of 5
  1. Do not contain THC
  2. Available in different potencies and sizes
  3. Brand has special deals and offers

Best Customer Rated

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg

4.4 out of 5
  1. THC-free
  2. Has plenty of flavours to choose from
  3. Totally vegan

Best For Beginners

NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil

4.6 out of 5
  1. Lowest concentration for CBD beginners
  2. Fully organic and lab-tested
  3. Full-spectrum

Best Flavor Range

Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil

3.9 out of 5
  1. Has a wide range of flavours
  2. Safe to intake
  3. Get 20% off when you avail of their subscription

Compare the Best CBD Oil for Bipolar Disorder in 2022

Product Potency Purity Customer Service Type Extraction Transparency Absorption
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
4.8 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
4.6 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
3.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
4.7 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
4.4 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
4.4 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
4.6 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
3.9 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5

Best CBD Oil for Bipolar Disorder

1. Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

4.8

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Mid-strength

No other flavors

Natural peppermint flavor

Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients

Overview

Each bottle of the 750mg CBD oil tincture contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full. The oil is peppermint flavor to mask any unpleasant tastes related to CBD.

2. NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

5.0

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Pure CBD hemp

No other flavors

All natural

Approximately 300 drops total

Overview

Natural remedy for various illnesses. NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil is a whole-plant extract containing a full spectrum of naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes.

3. Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

5.0

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Extra Strength

Tastes bitter

No artificial flavoring or colors

No THC-free option

Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients

Overview

The largest bottle of CBD oil that Spruce offers contains 2,400mg of CBD. This is full-spectrum CBD oil, which is the maximum possible potency. Each high potency dropper full contains 80mg of CBD. There are no flavorings in it, which allows for the most CBD to fit in the 30ml bottle.

4. Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
cbdc overall score

4.6

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Light Spearmint flavor

No other flavor

Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test

Overview

Avida Extracts Full Spectrum CBD oil is the latest iteration of the brand’s advanced Avida CORE Spectrum technology. They use a proprietary full spectrum blend, resulting in the highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3) to support your health.

5. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
cbdc overall score

4.7

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Various delicious flavors to choose from

cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options

Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients

Free shipping for this particular product within USA

World-class customer service team

Overview

cbdMD’s CBD oil tinctures are made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp and MCT oil as a carrier oil. Tinctures are offered in orange, mint, natural, and berry flavors. Safe for daily use, the oil tinctures are packaged with a built-in rubber dropper to adjust CBD dosage easily. The packaging is made to be easy to transport and discreet to use.

6. CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
cbdc overall score

4.4

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee

Dropper is a bit shaky

Various strengths

Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp

Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices

Overview

CBDistillery’s Isolate CBD Oil Tinctures harness the power of pure CBD. CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures include 0.0% THC. When you use CBDistillery CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures, you can be assured you’re using the highest quality CBD on the market.

7. NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

4.6

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Pure CBD hemp

No other flavors

All natural

A bit pricey compared to competitors

Approximately 100 drops total

Overview

This is one of several concentrations from NuLeaf Naturals. As the lowest concentration, it is the company’s best option for those new to CBD oil. The product is lab-tested and fully organic. It is full-spectrum, so it contains THC in small quantities.

8. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
cbdc overall score

4.4

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Vegan and Gluten free

Does not ship internationally

Has a third-party lab test

Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes

Overview

A 750mg bottle of cbdMD’s Broad Spectrum Oil Tincture does not contain THC. It also has a fairly wide flavor range which is perfect for those who prefer other taste. Vegan consumers are considered since cbdMD offers Vegan products. Aside from all of that, another reason why people love cbdMD is because it’s free from harmful chemicals.

9. Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

3.9

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Wide variety of flavors

Incomplete information about the product

Lab test results are complete

Does not ship to all international countries

30-day money-back guarantee

Overview

Hemp Bombs offer CBD Oil Tinctures that come in a 30ml bottle containing 750mg of CBD. They provide a wide range of flavors perfect for those that have a knack for sweets. Consumers can safely intake this because it’s free of chemicals and pesticides. Hemp Bombs also offer a 20% off on products upon subscription.

How CBD May Help With Bipolar Disorder

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive compound in cannabis plants, which may contain antidepressant, anxiety-relieving, and neuroprotective properties(1)

CBD may help relieve symptoms of mental health-related conditions, including depression(2). Previously known as manic-depression, bipolar disorder may include episodes of depression(3). Thus, CBD may help relieve bipolar-associated depression. 

A review published in CNS & Neurological Disorders – Drug Targets hypothesized that CBD may help manage bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy, post-traumatic stress disorder, Parkinson’s disease, substance abuse and dependence, and sleep disorders(4)

Additionally, CBD’s potential benefits for relieving bipolar disorder may be linked to its interaction with the human endocannabinoid system (ECS). 

The ECS helps regulate biological functions such as mood, pain perception, appetite, sleep, and metabolism. 

The ECS consists of cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2). 

CB1 receptors primarily exist in the brain and central nervous system (CNS), liver, kidneys, and lungs(5). These receptors help maintain bodily functions like mood, pain sensation, memory processing, appetite, and sleep.  

Meanwhile, CB2 receptors are contained in cells within the immune system. These cannabinoid receptors stimulate an anti-inflammatory response, reducing pain and managing tissue damage. 

Research also indicated that CBD may produce anxiety-relieving anxiolytic effects by indirectly activating receptors such as 5-HT1A serotonin receptors(6). 

Serotonin is among the chemical messengers known as neurotransmitters that regulate feelings of wellness and happiness. 

A study published by Neurochemical Research noted that cannabidiol may inhibit reuptake in the brain, increasing serotonin’s availability to the body(7). CBD may help alleviate anxiety and stabilize mood disorders with improved regulation of serotonin.

Another study examined CBD’s potential antidepressant qualities(8). Results suggested that the compound may reduce the symptoms of depressive episodes in mice.  

Future research on human subjects is needed to determine if cannabidiol produces similar results in mental disorders like bipolar disorder

Researchers of a 2020 review hypothesized that CBD may produce anxiolytic effects(9). The compound may inhibit fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) enzymes. 

Such enzymes metabolize the cannabinoid anandamide in the body. Cannabinoids are a group of cannabis-derived compounds. One example is CBD.  

Recent research studies highlighted CBD as a potential antipsychotic treatment(10-11). Cannabidiol may also provide neuroprotective effects, suggesting that it may help manage psychiatric conditions, such as bipolar disorder.  

Benefits and Uses of CBD for Bipolar Disorder

Research suggests that cannabidiol may help relieve physical symptoms associated with various conditions, such as chronic pain(12)

The potential benefits of CBD for mental health conditions include anxiety-relieving and antidepressant effects(13). Thus, it may help manage the symptoms of mental disorders, such as bipolar disorder.  

The chemical element lithium may be prescribed with psychotic medications. However, such medicines may cause side effects such as sedation, weight gain, and depression(14)

Cannabidiol is a potential alternative to bipolar patients who respond poorly to psychosis medications, like lithium. 

A 2018 review evaluated the clinical use of medical cannabis and cannabidiol for mental wellness in animal and human studies(15)

Researchers reported that plant-based compounds known as phytocannabinoids, like CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), contain potential neuroprotective properties.  Such findings suggest that bipolar patients may benefit from CBD oil products.

The result of an animal study on mice subjects suggested that CBD may produce antidepressant effects by activating serotonin receptors(16)

Additional research is warranted to determine if CBD also produces similar effects in humans with mental conditions like bipolar spectrum disorders. 

Meanwhile, a human study assessed CBD’s effect on patients with generalized social anxiety disorder (SAD)(17). The participants received either an oral dose of CBD or a placebo. 

Results suggested that CBD may reduce anxiety and boost one’s mood compared to subjects given a placebo

A review on the use of cannabis assessed the role of cannabinoids like CBD and THC in bipolar affective disorder(18)

Researchers reported that these compounds have potential antidepressant, anxiolytic, and antipsychotic effects. These findings suggest that cannabidiol may help manage bipolar disorder

Despite such promising results, additional human clinical trials are necessitated to investigate CBD as a potential treatment for bipolar disorder. 

How to Safely Administer CBD Oil for Bipolar Disorder 

It is highly advised for people with bipolar disorder to avoid consuming cannabis products with a high THC content. Numerous studies have linked high-THC marijuana use to a higher risk of psychiatric disorders(19)

It would help if you also deliberated with your doctor before taking CBD for bipolar disorder. This step may help prevent the adverse effects of potential drug interactions. 

A physician can also help guide you on the proper usage and dosage of CBD products

You can take CBD oil products for bipolar disorder in various forms, including the following options: 

CBD Tinctures

You can use a dropper to apply CBD oil tinctures underneath the tongue for faster absorption into the bloodstream. 

Hold the CBD drops underneath the tongue for one or two minutes before swallowing. CBD tinctures are available in different flavors and can be mixed with coffee, smoothies, or food. 

CBD Capsules

CBD capsules must pass through the digestive tract. Thus, they may take longer before producing significant results for bipolar disorder than other options, like CBD tinctures

CBD Edibles

CBD edibles may help users avoid the earthy taste of CBD hemp extract. Options include CBD chocolate bars, CBD gummies, and CBD cookies.  

CBD Topicals

CBD topicals include CBD creams, CBD lotions, CBD balms, and CBD salves. The skin’s surface absorbs CBD. 

CBD Vapes

CBD vape pens may provide instant effects as the vapors enter the bloodstream through the lungs rather than the digestive system. 

Additionally, state and local health departments, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have assessed the national outbreak of e-cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury (EVALI)(20).  

CBD Dosage for Bipolar Disorder

No official recommended CBD dose exists for bipolar disorder.

Research suggested that CBD dosage of up to 1,500 milligrams per day is well tolerated in human subjects(21)

However, Epidiolex is the only FDA-approved CBD product utilized to treat rare forms of epilepsy(22).  

The best option is to begin taking cannabidiol at small doses and gradually increase the dosage until you achieve the intended results.  

Seeking help from a healthcare provider with experience in CBD use is advisable to identify the proper CBD dosage based on your particular needs. 

How Long CBD Takes to Help With Bipolar Disorder

Researchers have conducted no studies on the quantity of time required to experience the biological effects of CBD for bipolar disorder.  

You may feel the localized effects of CBD topicals within 10 minutes(23)

After swallowing CBD tinctures, you may experience the effects within 15 to 30 minutes after application(24)

Meanwhile, you may feel the therapeutic effects of CBD edibles within 30 minutes to two hours after consumption(25)

CBD vape oil may produce biological effects within two minutes(26). However, inhaling vapor or smoke may cause allergic reactions and chemical irritation(27)

How Long CBD Helps With Bipolar Disorder

Researchers have conducted no studies on the efficacy duration of CBD products for bipolar disease. 

A 2018 review determined that the half-life of CBD was two to five days after individuals took a daily oral dose(28).  

Half-life refers to the amount of time necessitated for a substance’s amount to reduce to half of its original value(29).

Meanwhile, past human and animal studies suggest that the bioavailability of cannabidiol ranges from 13% to 19%(30)

Bioavailability is the rate and the degree to which an active drug ingredient is absorbed and becomes available at the location of drug action(31)

Risks and Side Effects of Utilizing CBD for Bipolar Disorder

Although cannabidiol may help manage bipolar disorder, it may induce particular side effects, including(32)

  • Tiredness
  • Fatigue
  • Drowsiness
  • Dry mouth
  • Reduced appetite
  • Changes in weight 
  • Diarrhea

The compound may also interact with medicines, such as blood thinners. 

Seeking professional medical advice is vital to prevent possible adverse effects from CBD. 

How to Select the Right CBD for Bipolar Disorder

CBD for bipolar disorder is available in various forms, including CBD tinctures, CBD edibles, CBD capsules, CBD topicals, and CBD vapes. Follow these tips when selecting the best CBD oil:   

  • Seek professional help before using CBD for bipolar disorder, primarily if you use CBD products for severe health conditions, including bipolar disorder.
  • Find CBD brands accredited by the Better Business Bureau (BBB). Such companies tend to have excellent customer service.
  • Pick organic CBD products free of genetically modified organisms (non-GMO). These options include CBD brands producing cannabidiol products from local hemp, such as plants from Oregon, Colorado, and Kentucky. Such companies promote sustainable farming. 
  • Research the type of extraction process used, such as CO2 extraction. 
  • Review a company’s disclaimers and avoid unsubstantiated health claims. 
  • Select CBD products that post third-party lab results from a certificate of analysis (COA). COAs are often available on a CBD brand’s website. The CBD products should be free of pesticides, residual solvents, and other harmful contaminants. 
  • Look for high-quality products that compare the product label claims with the COA. 
  • Learn about the three types of CBD products. Full-spectrum CBD oil products contain all cannabinoids in cannabis plants. They include flavonoids, terpenes, and fatty acids. 
  • Broad-spectrum CBD also contains a wide range of cannabis-derived compounds. However, it is usually THC-free. 
  • CBD isolates contain pure CBD and usually no other cannabinoids

Legality of CBD

On the U.S. federal level, hemp-derived CBD products with 0.3% or less THC are not considered controlled substances(33)

The psychoactive compound THC produces a euphoric feeling. High-THC marijuana remains a Schedule I controlled drug due to its high risk for abuse because of THC’s psychoactive effects(34)

The FDA prohibits the legal sale of products containing CBD or THC as dietary supplements(35)

Epidiolex is the only FDA-approved cannabis-derived drug product(36). The prescription medications may help control seizures associated with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, two rare forms of epilepsy in children.

Learning state laws and purchasing CBD oil products in areas that offer medical marijuana legally is advisable. 

What Is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder refers to a mental illness that causes manic episodes known as mania or hypomania, extreme mood swings, and depression(37).  

Research shows that 4.4% of adults in the United States experience bipolar disorder(38)

Children diagnosed with the condition known as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may later develop other mental health conditions, including bipolar disorder(39)

Symptoms of bipolar disorder include severe mood fluctuations that may result in significant distress and life difficulties(40).  People may also experience shifts in activity and energy levels(41)

Bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder are the three types of bipolar disorders(42)

Bipolar I disorder is one manic episode followed by major depressive episodes, while bipolar II disorder is one or more major depressive episodes and one hypomanic episode(43).

Cyclothymic disorder is several periods of hypomanic symptoms and depressive symptoms(44).

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How can CBD oil help with bipolar disorder?

    CBD has therapeutic potential with antidepressant, anxiety-reducing, and neuroprotective properties(45). Thus, it may help reduce the symptoms of mental disorders like bipolar disorder.

  • What evidence exists saying that CBD helps with bipolar disorder?

    Research showed that CBD may contain anxiety-relieving, antidepressant, and neuroprotective properties(46). Such findings indicate that CBD may help manage mental illnesses like bipolar disorder.

  • Does any evidence exist saying that CBD can make bipolar disorder worse?

    Limited research has been conducted on CBD use and bipolar disorder. However, no studies have suggested that CBD may worsen bipolar disorders

    Recent findings suggest that CBD may produce anxiety-relieving and antidepressant effects(47).

  • Will CBD interact with any current medication I may be taking for bipolar disorder?

    CBD may interact with other medications for bipolar disorders and alter how the body breaks down such drugs(48). Seek advice from medical professionals for the proper use of CBD.

  • Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help with bipolar disorder?

    Treatment options for bipolar disorders include mood stabilizers and prescription medications known as antidepressantantipsychotics

    However, such treatments have negative side effects like tremors, renal disease, and sexual dysfunction(49-50). Meanwhile, CBD may produce mild side effects like drowsiness and fatigue(51)

  • Can I fail a drug test if I use CBD oil for bipolar disorder?

    CBD is a non-psychoactive compound that produces no euphoric feelings(52). However, certain CBD products contain trace amounts of the psychoactive compound THC. Using such products frequently may produce a false-positive drug test.

  • What is the proper CBD dosage for bipolar disorder?

    No official dosage guidelines exist for cannabidiol. However, beginning with small doses and increasing the CBD dosage until you achieve the desired results is recommended.

  • Is CBD oil legal for bipolar disorder?

    Hemp-derived CBD oil products containing 0.3% or less THC are legal at the U.S. federal level(53). However, researching state laws is necessitated to ensure the legal usage of CBD for bipolar disorder

  • Is CBD safe for bipolar disorder?

    Cannabidiol has a favorable safety profile and is generally well tolerated(54). However, it may cause minor side effects like dry mouth and drowsiness(55). Thus, consulting with a medical professional before using CBD is advisable to avoid such side effects.


  1. Translational Investigation of the Therapeutic Potential of Cannabidiol (CBD): Toward a New Age
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161644/
  2. Antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects of cannabidiol: a chemical compound of Cannabis sativa
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24923339/
  3. Bipolar Disorder
    https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder
  4. Antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects of cannabidiol: a chemical compound of Cannabis sativa
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24923339/
  5. Cannabinoid Receptors and the Endocannabinoid System: Signaling and Function in the Central Nervous System
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5877694/
  6. Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604171/
  7. Agonistic properties of cannabidiol at 5-HT1a receptors
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16258853/
  8. Administration of cannabidiol and imipramine induces antidepressant-like effects in the forced swimming test and increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in the rat amygdala
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25379896/
  9. Use of Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Anxiety: A Short Synthesis of Pre-Clinical and Clinical Evidence
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7480724/
  10. The Potential of Cannabidiol Treatment for Cannabis Users With Recent-Onset Psychosis.
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29083450/
  11. Pharmacological properties of cannabidiol in the treatment of psychiatric disorders: a critical overview
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29789034/
  12. A Balanced Approach for Cannabidiol Use in Chronic Pain
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204604/
  13. Translational Investigation of the Therapeutic Potential of Cannabidiol (CBD) Toward a New Age.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161644/
  14. Antipsychotics in bipolar disorders
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0013700604954565
  15. Review of the neurological benefits of phytocannabinoids
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5938896/
  16. Antidepressant-like effects of cannabidiol in mice: possible involvement of 5-HT1A receptors
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20002102/
  17. Neural basis of anxiolytic effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in generalized social anxiety disorder: a preliminary report
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20829306/
  18. Cannabinoids in bipolar affective disorder: a review and discussion of their therapeutic potential.
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15888515/
  19. Is there a link between marijuana and psychiatric disorders?
    https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/there-link-between-marijuana-use-psychiatric-disorders
  20. Outbreak of Lung Injury Associated with the Use of E-Cigarette, or Vaping, Products
    https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/severe-lung-disease.html
  21. Safety and side effects of cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22129319/
  22. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  23. Using CBD for Arthritis: Tips for How to Get Started
    https://creakyjoints.org/alternative-medicine/how-to-take-cbd-for-arthritis/.
  24. Using CBD for Arthritis: Tips for How to Get Started
    https://creakyjoints.org/alternative-medicine/how-to-take-cbd-for-arthritis/. Using CBD for Arthritis: Tips for How to Get Started
    https://creakyjoints.org/alternative-medicine/how-to-take-cbd-for-arthritis/.
  25. Using CBD for Arthritis: Tips for How to Get Started
    https://creakyjoints.org/alternative-medicine/how-to-take-cbd-for-arthritis/.
  26. Can vaping damage your lungs? What we do (and don’t) know
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-vaping-damage-your-lungs-what-we-do-and-dont-know-2019090417734
  27. A Systematic Review on the Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Humans
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275223/
  28. It’s a question of physics: what’s meant by half-life?
    https://atomic.lindahall.org/what-is-meant-by-half-life.html
  29. A Systematic Review on the Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Humans
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275223/
  30. Bioavailability and Bioequivalence in Drug Development
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4157693/
  31. What are the benefits of CBD — and is it safe to use?
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/is-cbd-safe-and-effective/faq-20446700
  32. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  33. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  34. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  35. FDA and Cannabis: Research and Drug Approval Process
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-and-cannabis-research-and-drug-approval-process
  36. Mayo Clinic. Bipolar disorder
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