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Best CBD for Heart Arrhythmia

Are you planning to use cannabidiol (CBD) as a natural alternative for heart arrhythmia symptoms? CBD Clinicals helps you choose the best CBD oils for heart arrhythmia that may help reduce abrupt changes in heart rate.

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil


4.8 out of 5
  1. Peppermint flavor masks any unpleasant taste
  2. Contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full
  3. Bottle includes a graduated dropper for correct serving measurement

Best CBD Purity

NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil


5.0 out of 5
  1. Natural remedy for various illnesses
  2. Product is full-spectrum whole-plant extract
  3. Contains naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes

Best High Potency

Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil


5.0 out of 5
  1. Maximum possible potency
  2. Each dropper full contains 80mg of CBD
  3. Conveniently fits in a 30mL bottle

Best Value

Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg


4.6 out of 5
  1. Proprietary full-spectrum
  2. Developed using advanced AVIDA CORE Spectrum Technology
  3. Highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3)

Best Value

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg


4.7 out of 5
  1. Made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp
  2. Available in many flavours
  3. Safe for daily use

Best THC Free

CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures


4.4 out of 5
  1. Do not contain THC
  2. Available in different potencies and sizes
  3. Brand has special deals and offers

Best Customer Rated

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg


4.4 out of 5
  1. THC-free
  2. Has plenty of flavours to choose from
  3. Totally vegan

Best For Beginners

NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil


4.6 out of 5
  1. Lowest concentration for CBD beginners
  2. Fully organic and lab-tested
  3. Full-spectrum

Best Flavor Range

Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil


3.9 out of 5
  1. Has a wide range of flavours
  2. Safe to intake
  3. Get 20% off when you avail of their subscription

Compare the Best CBD for Heart Arrhythmia in 2022

Product Potency Purity Customer Service Type Extraction Transparency Absorption
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
4.8 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
4.6 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

3.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
4.7 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
4.4 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
4.4 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
4.6 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
3.9 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

Best CBD for Heart Arrhythmia

1. Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
4.8
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Mid-strength  No other flavors
 Natural peppermint flavor
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Pros
 Mid-strength
 Natural peppermint flavor
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Cons
 No other flavors
Overview

Each bottle of the 750mg CBD oil tincture contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full. The oil is peppermint flavor to mask any unpleasant tastes related to CBD.

2. NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
5.0
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Pure CBD hemp  No other flavors
 All natural
 Approximately 300 drops total
Pros
 Pure CBD hemp
 All natural
 Approximately 300 drops total
Cons
 No other flavors
Overview

Natural remedy for various illnesses. NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil is a whole-plant extract containing a full spectrum of naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes.

3. Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
5.0
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Extra Strength  Tastes bitter
 No artificial flavoring or colors  No THC-free option
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Pros
 Extra Strength
 No artificial flavoring or colors
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Cons
 Tastes bitter
 No THC-free option
Overview

The largest bottle of CBD oil that Spruce offers contains 2,400mg of CBD. This is full-spectrum CBD oil, which is the maximum possible potency. Each high potency dropper full contains 80mg of CBD. There are no flavorings in it, which allows for the most CBD to fit in the 30ml bottle.

4. Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
cbdc overall score
4.6
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Light Spearmint flavor  No other flavor
 Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test
Pros
 Light Spearmint flavor
 Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test
Cons
 No other flavor
Overview

Avida Extracts Full Spectrum CBD oil is the latest iteration of the brand’s advanced Avida CORE Spectrum technology. They use a proprietary full spectrum blend, resulting in the highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3) to support your health.

5. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
cbdc overall score
4.7
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Various delicious flavors to choose from  cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
 Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
 Free shipping for this particular product within USA
 World-class customer service team
Pros
 Various delicious flavors to choose from
 Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
 Free shipping for this particular product within USA
 World-class customer service team
Cons
 cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
Overview

cbdMD’s CBD oil tinctures are made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp and MCT oil as a carrier oil. Tinctures are offered in orange, mint, natural, and berry flavors. Safe for daily use, the oil tinctures are packaged with a built-in rubber dropper to adjust CBD dosage easily. The packaging is made to be easy to transport and discreet to use.

6. CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
cbdc overall score
4.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee  Dropper is a bit shaky
 Various strengths
 Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
 Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
Pros
 60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee
 Various strengths
 Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
 Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
Cons
 Dropper is a bit shaky
Overview

CBDistillery’s Isolate CBD Oil Tinctures harness the power of pure CBD. CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures include 0.0% THC. When you use CBDistillery CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures, you can be assured you’re using the highest quality CBD on the market.

7. NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
4.6
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Pure CBD hemp  No other flavors
 All natural  A bit pricey compared to competitors
 Approximately 100 drops total
Pros
 Pure CBD hemp
 All natural
 Approximately 100 drops total
Cons
 No other flavors
 A bit pricey compared to competitors
Overview

This is one of several concentrations from NuLeaf Naturals. As the lowest concentration, it is the company’s best option for those new to CBD oil. The product is lab-tested and fully organic. It is full-spectrum, so it contains THC in small quantities.

8. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
cbdc overall score
4.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Vegan and Gluten free  Does not ship internationally
 Has a third-party lab test
 Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes
Pros
 Vegan and Gluten free
 Has a third-party lab test
 Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes
Cons
 Does not ship internationally
Overview

A 750mg bottle of cbdMD’s Broad Spectrum Oil Tincture does not contain THC. It also has a fairly wide flavor range which is perfect for those who prefer other taste. Vegan consumers are considered since cbdMD offers Vegan products. Aside from all of that, another reason why people love cbdMD is because it’s free from harmful chemicals.

9. Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
3.9
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Wide variety of flavors  Incomplete information about the product
 Lab test results are complete  Does not ship to all international countries
 30-day money-back guarantee
Pros
 Wide variety of flavors
 Lab test results are complete
 30-day money-back guarantee
Cons
 Incomplete information about the product
 Does not ship to all international countries
Overview

Hemp Bombs offer CBD Oil Tinctures that come in a 30ml bottle containing 750mg of CBD. They provide a wide range of flavors perfect for those that have a knack for sweets. Consumers can safely intake this because it’s free of chemicals and pesticides. Hemp Bombs also offer a 20% off on products upon subscription.

How CBD May Help With Heart Arrhythmia

Cannabidiol is one of over 100 identified phytocannabinoids present in Cannabis sativa. This compound may help relieve heart problems by producing anti-arrhythmic effects during ischemia and reperfusion (I/R)(1)

Ischaemia or ischemia is a restriction of blood supply to the heart. Meanwhile, reperfusion is the restoration of blood flow to a tissue or organ to preserve the ischaemic tissues. 

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) may work in the heart and heart vessels by simulating cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2)(2). Thus, cannabidiol may help regulate heart rate to relieve heart arrhythmia.       

In an animal study using rat models, researchers showed that cannabidiol helps decrease infarct size and arrhythmia(3). An infarct is a small region of dead tissue due to failure of blood supply. 

The authors reported that cannabidiol functions as a cardioprotective agent in the acute phase of I/R.

Due to arrhythmia potentially caused by alterations in heart activity and tissue, CBD’s tissue-protective properties may help reduce abrupt changes in heart rate(4)

A study published by the Heart and Circulatory Physiology journal tested the effect of CBD on ischemic rat hearts(5). The rodents were treated with cannabidiol for seven days for in vivo (in a living organism) studies. 

Cannabidiol-treated rats demonstrated reduced interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels and myocardial inflammation. IL-6 is an inflammatory mediator, and studies show that IL-6 is regulated in the heart(6).

Clinical studies reported that individuals with congestive heart failure (CHF) had increased levels of IL-6(7). CHF is a severe heart health condition where the organ pumps less efficiently than warranted to function properly.

Another medical study published in the European Journal of Pharmacology showed the physiological triphasic effects of cannabinoids on the cardiovascular system and blood pressure(8). Triphasic refers to compounds given in three phrases.   

Cannabinoids are the natural and synthetic compounds structurally or pharmacologically linked to the constituents of the cannabis plant. The main cannabinoids include cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Cannabidiol interacts with the body’s ECS, including neurotransmitters that activate the cannabinoid receptors. Neurotransmitters are the body’s chemical messengers.

The primary cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors mainly exist in nerve cells, while CB2 receptors are primarily located in white blood cells.  

Researchers that conducted a study published in Cannabinoids in Health and Disease reported that the ECS functions in the heart and heart vessels by simulating the CB1 and CB2 receptor subtypes(9)

Signaling through the CB1 receptors is involved in bradycardia, negative inotropy, and hypotension. 

Bradycardia is slower than average heart rate, negative inotropy is a change in the force of heart contraction, and hypotension is low blood pressure.

The ECS is not highly regulated in normal physiological conditions. CBD may benefit patients with acute cardiovascular health conditions by impacting the ECS receptor activity.

Meanwhile, research suggested that CB2 receptors have anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, and antioxidative properties(10). Anti-atherogenic properties prevent the hardening of arteries.

However, these findings resulted from a study with mice subjects. More research is necessitated to determine whether CBD may induce the same therapeutic benefits in human subjects.

Research published in the Journal of Arrhythmia linked inflammation pathways to atrial fibrillation (AF or AFib). AF, frequently rapid or irregular heart rate, comprises the most frequent heart arrhythmia in clinical practice(11).  

Cannabidiol may help relieve heart arrhythmia by reducing cell death and inflammation associated with heart disease(12)

Some types of cardiac arrhythmias transpire in patients with myocarditis.  Myocarditis is inflammation involving the heart muscle.

A research study in the Journals of the American College of Cardiology reported that cannabidiol helps prevent heart damage in mice with heart disease and diabetes(13)

Additional studies are needed to determine if CBD may provide therapeutic benefits in human subjects. 

Benefits and Uses of CBD for Heart Arrhythmia

Cannabidiol’s potential health benefits include anti-inflammatory, chronic pain relief, and neuroprotective properties(14-15). The therapeutic effects of cannabidiol may also help relieve symptoms, including chest discomfort and cardiac contractility(16-17).

Dizziness 

Arrhythmia patients experience dizziness as their heart cannot pump blood effectively due to excessively fast or slow heart rates.   

A Brazilian study showed that purified CBD products reduced dizziness(18)

While it may be among the potential benefits of CBD, a direct connection of cannabidiol to arrhythmia was not determined by the researchers. Thus, additional research is warranted. 

Another study by the University of Nottingham in the U.K. noted that CBD may help improve vasorelaxation, enhancing blood flow(19). The activation of CB1 receptors triggered the vasorelaxation of arteries.

Chest Discomfort

Heart rhythm problems are among the heart conditions and may cause chest discomfort due to premature heartbeats. A medical study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology reported that cannabidiol may produce therapeutic effects on the cardiovascular system(20).  

The cardioprotective and antiarrhythmic roles of CBD are caused by the body’s immunomodulatory activity rather than directly linked to the heart. 

A single dose (50 milligrams/kilogram) of CBD given pre-ischemia or pre-reperfusion may reduce the infarction size(21).  

Nevertheless, when chest pain or discomfort is accompanied by shortness of breath, you should secure care for the medical condition. Call 911 or the emergency number within your area. 

Additionally, you should be aware of potential risk factors of heart arrhythmia, including obesity(22)

Cardiac Contractility

Cardiac contractility is the heart muscle‘s innate ability to produce a force independent of any load or stretch applied.

Two common varieties of arrhythmias are ventricular fibrillation and atrial fibrillation, according to the American Heart Association(23)

Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib) occurs when the heart’s lower chambers are in disorganized contraction, while atrial fibrillation occurs when the upper heart chamber contracts irregularly. 

A recent crossover study published in Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity noted that cannabidiol had several interactions with the membrane receptors and ion channels that help modulate myocyte contractility(24). Ion channels are membrane proteins.

Additionally, cannabidiol may help activate the 5-HT1A serotonin receptor(25). The process may decrease ventricular arrhythmias and reduce the mean arterial pressure (MAP). 

Other Benefits of CBD for Arrhythmia 

Animal studies on the potential neuroprotective properties of CBD suggested that the compound may help lower the degenerating and viable neurons by over 50% in newborn piglets(26).   

More extensive research is needed to determine if CBD produces the same therapeutic effects in human subjects.

Hypoxia-ischemia is a condition in which insufficient blood flows to the organs and cells. When the heart experiences arrhythmia, the irregular heartbeat may impact the blood flow in the body.  

How Long CBD Takes to Help With Heart Arrhythmia 

Some common methods of administering cannabidiol for arrhythmia include: 

  • Dropping CBD oil or tinctures sublingually, underneath the tongue
  • Ingesting CBD tablets, CBD capsules, CBD gummies, or CBD supplements
  • Applying CBD topicals like CBD lotions, CBD creams, CBD balms, and CBD salves onto the skin for pain relief
  • Inhaling CBD vape oils 

When taking CBD sublingually, you may experience therapeutic effects within 10 to 15 minutes(27).

CBD edibles like CBD gummies help conceal the “earthy” taste of CBD oil. However, some CBD brands have product lines that offer unflavored options. 

You may feel the therapeutic effects of CBD edibles between 30 minutes to 2 hours after administration(28)

Topical applications cause CBD to be absorbed into the skin’s surface. You may experience localized effects within 10 minutes following topical application(29).

Unlike CBD topicals, transdermal CBD products like transdermal patches and gels are absorbed into the skin. You can apply them to a particular body area, such as the chest. 

However, unlike CBD transdermals, CBD topicals have limited absorption. They may be absorbed into the skin, muscles, and nerves. However, they may not reach the bloodstream.

Ingesting CBD vape oil is a quick way to get cannabidiol into the body. The compound enters the bloodstream through the porous lungs without passing through the bloodstream.

You may experience the therapeutic effects of CBD vape juices or CBD oil vapes within three minutes(30)

However, certain studies cautioned that vaping may produce pulmonary health risks(31)

In addition to detrimental effects on the lungs, other vaping hazards include allergic reactions and irritation to chemicals(32)

Other factors that may impact a CBD product’s efficacy include the route of administration and cannabinoid potency. 

How Long CBD May Help With Heart Arrhythmia 

The effects of CBD tinctures for heart arrhythmia may last between four to six hours, while CBD oil vapes may last between three to five hours(33-34)

A 2018 study suggested that cannabidiol has a half-life of one to two days following oral consumption(35). Half-life is the time required for the compounds’ concentration to be reduced to half from the initial dosage. 

Following an oromucosal spray consumption route, CBD’s half-life is between 1.4 hours and 10.9 hours(36). However, the half-life is 24 hours for intravenous administration(37)

Potential Risks and Side Effects of Using CBD for Heart Arrhythmia

Although cannabidiol is generally safe and has potential therapeutic benefits for heart arrhythmia, particular side effects may still transpire.

Potential risks of utilizing CBD for cardiovascular diseases may include dry mouth, mood and alertness changes, drowsiness, fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, and liver damage(38)

Avoid taking cannabidiol if your heart medication or supplements include a grapefruit warning. Some medicines for hypertension or high blood pressure have a grapefruit warning, including Procardia and Adalat CC. 

Epidiolex is the sole Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved CBD prescription drug. The cannabidiol-derived drug is used to treat some rare forms of epilepsy(39)

Seek professional medical advice if you experience shortness of breath, pain in your chest, dizziness, and fainting. These symptoms may be signs of severe heart arrhythmia or a heart attack

Legality of CBD

With different levels of restrictions in individual U.S. states, CBD products are available in many regions of the United States.

The laws surrounding CBD and cannabis use have varying restrictions depending on the state(40).

The three primary types of CBD products on the market include full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolates.

Full-spectrum CBD oil is known to have all the naturally occurring compounds in the cannabis plant. Broad-spectrum CBD oil includes a wide range of compounds, although it is typically THC-free, unlike full-spectrum CBD. CBD isolates are pure CBD.  

The U.S. Farm Bill of 2018 legalized the growth, production, and manufacturing of hemp on the federal level(41)

The bill removed hemp-derived products and hemp products with less than 0.3% of THC from the list of Schedule I controlled drugs, substances, or chemicals(42).

This change meant that hemp products with less than 0.3% THC content are federally legal. 

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How can CBD potentially help with heart arrhythmia?

    Cannabidiol may help relieve heart arrhythmia and cardiovascular diseases by signaling the cannabinoid receptors involved in changes in heart contraction, slower than average heart rate, and lower blood pressure(43).

  • What evidence exists saying that CBD helps with heart arrhythmia?

    Inflammation pathways are connected to irregular heart palpitations and atrial fibrillation (AFib), a type of heart arrhythmia. Cannabidiol may help with AFib by reducing inflammation and cell death in the cardiovascular system(44).

  • Is there any concrete evidence that CBD can make heart arrhythmia worse?

    Cannabidiol is one of over 100 chemicals contained in cannabis plants. CBD does not cause psychoactive activity when consumed, unlike THC

    Past research showed that cannabis consumption may cause ventricular tachycardia(45). However, no conclusive evidence exists saying that cannabidiol causes arrhythmia.    

    Some risk factors may compound the effects of cannabis, including cigarette smoking, excessive physical activity following the first few hours of consumption, and high cholesterol(46-47).

  • Will CBD interact with any current medication I may be taking for heart arrhythmia?

    Amiodarone is a medication utilized to treat irregular heartbeats. A medical study published by the Journal of Clinical Medicine noted that amiodarone may produce a potential adverse drug interaction with cannabidiol(48).

  • Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help with heart arrhythmia?

    Arrhythmia treatments depend on the severity of arrhythmia. Treatment options include surgery, invasive therapies, electrical devices, and lifestyle changes.  

    Invasive therapies include electrical cardioversion and catheter ablation. Electrical cardioversion delivers an electrical shock to the chest wall, while catheter ablation provides energy to the regions of the heart muscle(49).

  • Can I fail a drug test if I use CBD for heart arrhythmia?

    Frequent use of CBD may increase your body’s levels of THC over time, which may produce a positive drug test(50).

  • What is the ideal CBD dosage for heart arrhythmia?

    No official dosage of cannabidiol for heart arrhythmia exists. However, a study on  cardiomyopathy showed that a dose of CBD of 50 milligrams per kilogram of the body weight reduced cardiac dysfunction(51). The researchers administered CBD for five consecutive days

  • What are the potential side effects of utilizing CBD for heart arrhythmia?

    Potential side effects of using cannabidiol may include drowsiness, fatigue, dry mouth, loss of appetite, alertness and mood changes, nausea, gastrointestinal problems, and liver damage (52)

    Thus, you may experience such side effects when taking CBD for heart arrhythmia.


  1. Acute administration of cannabidiol in vivo suppresses ischemia-induced cardiac arrhythmias and reduces infarct size when given at reperfusion
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00755.x
  2. Cannabinoid CB1/CB2 Receptors in the Heart: Expression, Regulation, and Function Cannabinoids in Health and Disease,
    https://www.intechopen.com/books/cannabinoids-in-health-and-disease/cannabinoid-cb1-cb2-receptors-in-the-heart-expression-regulation-and-function
  3. Acute administration of cannabidiol in vivo suppresses ischemia-induced cardiac arrhythmias and reduces infarct size when given at reperfusion
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00755.x
  4. Cannabidiol–recent advances
    https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200790147
  5. Cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive Cannabis constituent, protects against myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury
    https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00098.2007
  6. The varying faces of IL-6: From cardiac protection to cardiac failure. Cytokine, 74(1)
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2014.12.024
  7. The Role of Interleukin-6 in the Failing Heart
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011401825680
  8. Novel antagonist implicates the CB1 cannabinoid receptor in the hypotensive action of anandamide.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-2999(95)00181-j
  9. Cannabinoid CB1/CB2 Receptors in the Heart: Expression, Regulation, and Function. Cannabinoids in Health and Disease,
    https://www.intechopen.com/books/cannabinoids-in-health-and-disease/cannabinoid-cb1-cb2-receptors-in-the-heart-expression-regulation-and-function
  10. Low dose oral cannabinoid therapy reduces progression of atherosclerosis in mice
    https://doi.org/10.1038/nature03389
  11. Inflammation and atrial fibrillation: A comprehensive review.
    https://doi.org/10.1002/joa3.12077
  12. Cannabidiol attenuates cardiac dysfunction, oxidative stress, fibrosis, and inflammatory and cell death signaling pathways in diabetic cardiomyopathy
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2010.07.033
  13. Cannabidiol attenuates cardiac dysfunction, oxidative stress, fibrosis, and inflammatory and cell death signaling pathways in diabetic cardiomyopathy
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2010.07.033
  14. A Balanced Approach for Cannabidiol Use in Chronic Pain
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204604/
  15. Review of the neurological benefits of phytocannabinoids
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5938896/
  16. Is the cardiovascular system a therapeutic target for cannabidiol?.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04351.x
  17. About Arrhythmia
    https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/arrhythmia/about-arrhythmia
  18. Potential Clinical Benefits of CBD-Rich Cannabis Extracts Over Purified CBD in Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fneur.2018.00759/full
  19. Cannbidiol causes endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of human mesenteric arteries via CB1 activation
    https://doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvv179
  20. Is the cardiovascular system a therapeutic target for cannabidiol?.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04351.x
  21. Cannabidiol attenuates cardiac dysfunction, oxidative stress, fibrosis, and inflammatory and cell death signaling pathways in diabetic cardiomyopathy
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2010.07.033
  22. The implications of obesity for cardiac arrhythmia mechanisms and management
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25661555/
  23. American Heart Association. About Arrhythmia
    https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/arrhythmia/about-arrhythmia
  24. Therapeutic Applications of Cannabinoids in Cardiomyopathy and Heart Failure
    https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2020/4587024/
  25. Therapeutic Applications of Cannabinoids in Cardiomyopathy and Heart Failure
    https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2020/4587024/
  26. Neuroprotective Effects of the Nonpsychoactive Cannabinoid Cannabidiol in Hypoxic-Ischemic Newborn Piglets
    https://www.nature.com/articles/pr2008260
  27. Human cannabinoid pharmacokinetics
    https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200790152
  28. Using CBD for Arthritis: Tips for How to Get Started
    https://creakyjoints.org/alternative-medicine/how-to-take-cbd-for-arthritis/
  29. A Systematic Review on the Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275223/
  30. A Systematic Review on the Pharmacokinetics of Cannabidiol in Humans
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275223/
  31. Vaping: An Emerging Health Hazard
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  32. Can vaping damage your lungs? What we do (and don’t) know
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