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Best CBD for AVM

Have you been experiencing arteriovenous malformation (AVM) symptoms like numbness in one part of your body and pain in one area of your head? Read about CBD’s therapeutic properties and how it may help manage AVM manifestations.

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil


4.8 out of 5
  1. Peppermint flavor masks any unpleasant taste
  2. Contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full
  3. Bottle includes a graduated dropper for correct serving measurement

Best CBD Purity

NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil


5.0 out of 5
  1. Natural remedy for various illnesses
  2. Product is full-spectrum whole-plant extract
  3. Contains naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes

Best High Potency

Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil


5.0 out of 5
  1. Maximum possible potency
  2. Each dropper full contains 80mg of CBD
  3. Conveniently fits in a 30mL bottle

Best Value

Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg


4.6 out of 5
  1. Proprietary full-spectrum
  2. Developed using advanced AVIDA CORE Spectrum Technology
  3. Highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3)

Best Value

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg


4.7 out of 5
  1. Made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp
  2. Available in many flavours
  3. Safe for daily use

Best THC Free

CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures


4.4 out of 5
  1. Do not contain THC
  2. Available in different potencies and sizes
  3. Brand has special deals and offers

Best Customer Rated

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg


4.4 out of 5
  1. THC-free
  2. Has plenty of flavours to choose from
  3. Totally vegan

Best For Beginners

NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil


4.6 out of 5
  1. Lowest concentration for CBD beginners
  2. Fully organic and lab-tested
  3. Full-spectrum

Best Flavor Range

Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil


3.9 out of 5
  1. Has a wide range of flavours
  2. Safe to intake
  3. Get 20% off when you avail of their subscription

Compare the Best CBD for AVM in 2022

Product Potency Purity Customer Service Type Extraction Transparency Absorption
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
4.8 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
4.6 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

3.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
4.7 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
4.4 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
4.4 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
4.6 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

5.0 out of 5
Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
3.9 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

2.5 out of 5

3.5 out of 5

4.5 out of 5

5.0 out of 5

4.0 out of 5

Best CBD for AVM

1. Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
4.8
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Mid-strength  No other flavors
 Natural peppermint flavor
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Pros
 Mid-strength
 Natural peppermint flavor
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Cons
 No other flavors
Overview

Each bottle of the 750mg CBD oil tincture contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full. The oil is peppermint flavor to mask any unpleasant tastes related to CBD.

2. NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
5.0
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Pure CBD hemp  No other flavors
 All natural
 Approximately 300 drops total
Pros
 Pure CBD hemp
 All natural
 Approximately 300 drops total
Cons
 No other flavors
Overview

Natural remedy for various illnesses. NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil is a whole-plant extract containing a full spectrum of naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes.

3. Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
5.0
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Extra Strength  Tastes bitter
 No artificial flavoring or colors  No THC-free option
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Pros
 Extra Strength
 No artificial flavoring or colors
 Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
Cons
 Tastes bitter
 No THC-free option
Overview

The largest bottle of CBD oil that Spruce offers contains 2,400mg of CBD. This is full-spectrum CBD oil, which is the maximum possible potency. Each high potency dropper full contains 80mg of CBD. There are no flavorings in it, which allows for the most CBD to fit in the 30ml bottle.

4. Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
cbdc overall score
4.6
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Light Spearmint flavor  No other flavor
 Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test
Pros
 Light Spearmint flavor
 Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test
Cons
 No other flavor
Overview

Avida Extracts Full Spectrum CBD oil is the latest iteration of the brand’s advanced Avida CORE Spectrum technology. They use a proprietary full spectrum blend, resulting in the highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3) to support your health.

5. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
cbdc overall score
4.7
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Various delicious flavors to choose from  cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
 Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
 Free shipping for this particular product within USA
 World-class customer service team
Pros
 Various delicious flavors to choose from
 Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
 Free shipping for this particular product within USA
 World-class customer service team
Cons
 cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
Overview

cbdMD’s CBD oil tinctures are made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp and MCT oil as a carrier oil. Tinctures are offered in orange, mint, natural, and berry flavors. Safe for daily use, the oil tinctures are packaged with a built-in rubber dropper to adjust CBD dosage easily. The packaging is made to be easy to transport and discreet to use.

6. CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
cbdc overall score
4.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee  Dropper is a bit shaky
 Various strengths
 Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
 Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
Pros
 60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee
 Various strengths
 Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp
 Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices
Cons
 Dropper is a bit shaky
Overview

CBDistillery’s Isolate CBD Oil Tinctures harness the power of pure CBD. CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures include 0.0% THC. When you use CBDistillery CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures, you can be assured you’re using the highest quality CBD on the market.

7. NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
4.6
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Pure CBD hemp  No other flavors
 All natural  A bit pricey compared to competitors
 Approximately 100 drops total
Pros
 Pure CBD hemp
 All natural
 Approximately 100 drops total
Cons
 No other flavors
 A bit pricey compared to competitors
Overview

This is one of several concentrations from NuLeaf Naturals. As the lowest concentration, it is the company’s best option for those new to CBD oil. The product is lab-tested and fully organic. It is full-spectrum, so it contains THC in small quantities.

8. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
cbdc overall score
4.4
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Vegan and Gluten free  Does not ship internationally
 Has a third-party lab test
 Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes
Pros
 Vegan and Gluten free
 Has a third-party lab test
 Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes
Cons
 Does not ship internationally
Overview

A 750mg bottle of cbdMD’s Broad Spectrum Oil Tincture does not contain THC. It also has a fairly wide flavor range which is perfect for those who prefer other taste. Vegan consumers are considered since cbdMD offers Vegan products. Aside from all of that, another reason why people love cbdMD is because it’s free from harmful chemicals.

9. Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
cbdc overall score
3.9
CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency
Purity
Customer Service
Type
Extraction
Absorption
Transparency
Pros Cons
 Wide variety of flavors  Incomplete information about the product
 Lab test results are complete  Does not ship to all international countries
 30-day money-back guarantee
Pros
 Wide variety of flavors
 Lab test results are complete
 30-day money-back guarantee
Cons
 Incomplete information about the product
 Does not ship to all international countries
Overview

Hemp Bombs offer CBD Oil Tinctures that come in a 30ml bottle containing 750mg of CBD. They provide a wide range of flavors perfect for those that have a knack for sweets. Consumers can safely intake this because it’s free of chemicals and pesticides. Hemp Bombs also offer a 20% off on products upon subscription.

How CBD May Help With AVM

An AVM or an arteriovenous malformation is the untypical tangling of blood vessels connected to arteries and veins. Tangled blood vessels obstruct oxygen circulation and normal blood flow(1).

Arteriovenous malformations that usually develop in the brain or spine(2) are called brain AVM. Tangled blood vessels have a high risk of rupturing and may cause brain bleeding, stroke, and brain damage.  

Meanwhile, AVMs that occur in the arms, heart, lungs, liver, or genital system are referred to as peripheral arteriovenous malformation(3).

The symptoms of AVM differ depending on its location. Symptoms may include headaches, back pain, nausea and vomiting, numbness and sudden pains, weakness in the lower extremities, and seizures(4).  

No medication has been approved to cure AVM. While surgery is one option, the usual treatment for the condition is to manage AVM symptoms(5).

Research has noted that cannabidiol, more popularly called CBD, has potential therapeutic properties that may help reduce various chronic pain such as neuropathic and inflammatory pain(6).

CBD may also have anti-nausea and anti-emetic (anti-vomiting) benefits(7).

According to research investigating the effects of cannabidiol on type 2 diabetes in animal models, CBD may also help increase blood flow in animal models of stroke(8). This property may benefit individuals with AVM.

AVMs can disrupt normal blood flow. If the AVM in the brain ruptures, brain bleeding may occur, eventually leading to stroke(9).

Even though the study was performed on animals, CBD’s possible therapeutic benefits may extend to humans.

Humans and animals, apart from insects, possess an endocannabinoid system (ECS) and may have similarities with respect to the organ systems and cellular processes(10).

The ECS is responsible for regulating and controlling most critical bodily functions like memory, pain control, and inflammatory and immune responses(11).

The system comprises cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2), located in the immune and nervous systems.

CB1 receptors regulate pain sensations, whereas CB2 helps with anti-inflammatory responses(12).

These two receptors can create analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects when they interact with CBD(13).

Benefits of Using CBD for AVM

A study in 2020 discussed the effectiveness of CBD in relieving symptoms of peripheral neuropathy of the lower extremities(14).

Results showed that the transdermal application of CBD may reduce the pain and other unbearable sensations experienced by individuals with peripheral neuropathy(15)

Numbness, tingling of limbs, and sudden pains are symptoms of peripheral neuropathy and AVM(16-17).

Other prevalent symptoms of arteriovenous malformation are nausea, vomiting, and headaches(18).

A study noted that cannabidiol may suppress the sensation of nausea and vomiting in individuals undergoing chemotherapy(19).

Furthermore, several studies have suggested that medical cannabis, which contains active ingredients like CBD and THC, possesses therapeutic effects that may alleviate migraines and headaches(20).

A study has also hypothesized CBD’s beneficial effects on seizures(21). This property may help Individuals with AVM control their movements and manage their seizures(22).

However, seizures caused by AVM are not the same variation of seizures that cannabidiol is officially authorized to treat.

Epidiolex has been the only CBD-derived antiseizure drug officially approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)(23). 

This medication is prescribed to treat two rare forms of childhood epilepsy, Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome(24).

Apart from surgery, there is no direct way of treating AVM. However, individuals may take medications to manage the various symptoms, such as back pain, headaches, and seizures caused by the condition(25). 

How to Take CBD Oil for AVM 

CBD oil is available in different forms for managing symptoms of AVM, including: 

  • Topical application: CBD topicals such as creams, balms, and salves are directly applied onto the skin for localized pain relief(26).

These products may be used for AVM symptoms such as back pain, numbness, and sudden pains(27)

  • Inhalation method: CBD may be inhaled through smoking or vaping. 

Inhalation is the quickest method for an individual to feel the benefits of CBD(28).

However, vaping is linked to potential health risks such as lung irritation and pulmonary diseases(29).

  • Sublingual administration: CBD oils or CBD tinctures are administered under the tongue using an oromucosal spray or dropper. 

This method may be best for AVM symptoms like nausea or vomiting as it allows the compound to bypass the gastrointestinal tract and directly enter your bloodstream(30)

  • Oral administration: Edibles, gummies, and pills are examples of orally taken CBD products.

How Long Does CBD Take to Help With AVM

There are no studies indicating how long it takes before an individual starts to feel the biological effects of CBD for AVM

The onset time may depend on several factors, such as a person’s weight, CBD administration method, and CBD potency. 

CBD tinctures may take 15 to 30 minutes before the compound takes effect due to its direct entry into the bloodstream(31). Meanwhile, CBD edibles may take effect within 30 to 90 minutes(32). 

CBD inhalation through smoking or vaping offers the quickest onset time. It usually takes 15 to 30 minutes before the compound takes effect(33).

However, vaping may lead to lung irritation or severe pulmonary diseases(34), so caution is advised.

CBD topical products such as CBD creams and balms may also be taken for some symptoms of AVM. Topicals usually have an onset time of 15 to 30 minutes(35).

It is highly encouraged to speak with your physician or an experienced medical professional before taking CBD for AVM or any medical conditions. 

How Long Will CBD Help With AVM?

No specific research has determined how long the effects of CBD in the body can last to help with AVM and its symptoms.

Cannabidiol may linger in your system depending on the CBD dosage, frequency of use, and administration method(36).

CBD Dosage for AVM

The FDA or the Food and Drug Administration has not approved CBD as an AVM treatment(37). Thus, there is no standard CBD dosage for this medical condition. 

According to a study from the journal Current Drug Safety, humans can tolerate as much as 1,500mg of CBD per day(38).

Also, as a general rule, people who do not have prior experience with CBD should initially begin with low doses and gradually increase to higher doses if there are no major side effects(39).

Regardless, it is best to speak with healthcare professionals with a background in cannabis use and dosing. These professionals can advise you on the proper CBD dosage for AVM

How to Choose the Right CBD for AVM

Choosing the best CBD products for AVM can be challenging due to the various CBD brands available, particularly online. 

Here are pertinent factors you should consider before buying CBD to help manage AVM symptoms and improve overall wellness:

CBD Extracts

The three types of CBD oil extracts are: 

  • Full-spectrum CBD oil 
  • Broad-spectrum CBD oil 
  • CBD isolate  

A full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the compounds of the cannabis plant, including other cannabinoids, essential oils, terpenes, and flavonoids(40).

Terpenes are the aromatic compounds in plants, including cannabis. Flavonoids are plant chemicals with supposed antioxidative and anti-inflammatory health benefits(41)

Full-spectrum CBD oil also contains less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

THC is the active compound of cannabis plants with psychoactive effects, making one feel a euphoric high(42).

Meanwhile, broad-spectrum CBD oil contains almost the same compounds and cannabinoids as a full-spectrum CBD oil, except for THC

Lastly, CBD isolates are a pure form of cannabidiol without other cannabinoids or compounds. 

People interested in experiencing the therapeutic effects of CBD without the psychoactive effects of THC may opt for broad-spectrum CBD oil

Third-Party Lab Testing  

The CBD brand you choose must employ the services of a third-party lab to evaluate all products, ensuring transparency and objectivity.

The third-party test results or certificates of analysis (COA) must match the CBD product labels to verify their authenticity.  

Trusted brands also show an ISO certification, a seal of approval from The International Organization for Standardization.

The ISO is an independent organization that has developed standards for products’ quality, safety, and efficacy(43).

Legality of CBD

The only CBD-derived medication that has been authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is Epidolex(44)

Epidiolex is a CBD prescription drug for treating seizures associated with two rare forms of childhood epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), Dravet syndrome (DS). 

Most recently, the drug has also been endorsed to treat seizures linked to tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)(45).

However, there are no current reports on Epidiolex and its effectiveness in seizures caused by AVM. Further research is needed on the other uses of the cannabis-derived drug.  

The 2018 Farm Bill legalized the use of medical marijuana and other cannabis derivatives if they contain less than 0.3% THC(46).

Hence, purchasing and using CBD products that contain more than 0.3% THC is is considered illegal(47).

Therefore, make sure to research and verify your state’s legislation regarding cannabis usage to avoid any possible legal repercussions. 

Risks and Side Effects of Using CBD for AVM

CBD is safe and well tolerated by humans(48)

However, the compound may lead to minor side effects like dry mouth, diarrhea, drowsiness, and fatigue(49).

Furthermore, prescription medications such as opioids may be used for AVM(50). When taken alongside CBD, these compounds may cause increased drowsiness, accidental falls, and hazards when driving(51).

Before you take CBD alongside any medications, it is best to speak with your doctor or a medical professional.

Overview of AVM

Diagnosing AVM

In order to diagnose AVM, doctors may perform tests such as(52):

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
  • Cerebral angiography 
  • Computerized tomography (CT scan)

What Should You Avoid If You Have AVM?

An individual with AVM should refrain from doing activities, like heavy lifting, which may increase blood pressure. Taking blood thinners such as warfarin should also be avoided(53)

Scheduled regular checkups with a doctor are also highly encouraged for individuals with diagnosed AVM

Alternative Treatments for AVM

The main objective of AVM treatment is to prevent the risk of bleeding or hemorrhage from occurring(54)

A non-invasive option for treating AVM may be medications. However, these are only for managing AVM symptoms like headaches, back pain, and seizures(55).

The three procedures for treating AVM are(56)

  • Surgery: Surgery is the prevalent treatment method for brain AVMs(57)

The surgeon creates a small opening in the skull to access the brain and remove the abnormal arteries and veins caused by the AVM

This process redirects blood flow to normal vessels, preventing the AVM from bursting or leaking. 

  • Embolization: This procedure involves using a very slim tube (catheter) and inserting a special glue into the AVM to reduce blood loss during the surgical procedure for the AVM
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). This procedure is not technically considered a surgery since there are no incisions. Rather, highly energized radiation beams target the AVM to mangle the blood vessels and create scarring. After one to three years, the scarred blood vessels will clot and break off(58).

After the procedure, you can resume your usual activities within 4 to 6 weeks. It may take 2 to 6 months to recover fully from AVM surgery(59). 

Your physician will diagnose and determine which treatment will be the most suitable for your condition. Factors to consider include your health, age, and the location of the abnormal blood vessels.

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How can CBD help with AVM?

    Blood vessels get unusually tangled in an AVM, obstructing oxygen circulation and blood flow(60).

    The condition may present headaches, back pain, nausea and vomiting, numbness and sudden pains, weakness in the lower extremities(61).  

    CBD is purported to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory(62), anti-nausea, and anti-emetic(63) benefits. These properties may help with AVM symptoms.

  • What evidence or research exists to say that CBD helps with AVM?

    A study suggested that CBD may reduce the symptoms associated with peripheral neuropathy, such as pain and unpleasant sensations(64)

    AVM and peripheral neuropathy present similar symptoms such as numbness and tingling of limbs(65-66). AVM may also cause nausea, vomiting, and headaches(67).

    Meanwhile, studies have indicated that CBD may curb nausea and vomiting(68) and reduce headaches(69).

  • Is there any evidence that CBD can make AVM worse?

    No study suggests that CBD can make AVM worse. According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), CBD is generally safe, well tolerated by the body, and non-addictive(70-71).

    However, CBD may cause minor side effects, like drowsiness, nausea, dry mouth, and diarrhea(72).

  • Will CBD interact with any current medication I may be taking for AVM?

    In general, CBD is completely safe for human consumption(73)

    However, taking CBD alongside other medications may result in drug-to-drug interaction(74) and cause side effects such as fatigue, increased sleepiness, accidental falls, and hazards while driving(75).

    It is best to ask for a doctor’s opinion before taking CBD alongside any medications.

  • Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help with AVM?

    AVM is usually treated through surgery by removing abnormal arteries, veins, and capillaries(76)

    Medications may also be prescribed for AVM. However, this method only reduces the symptoms associated with the condition(77).

  • Can I fail a drug test if I use CBD for AVM?

    CBD oil with less than 0.3% concentration of THC will not appear in a drug test.  

    However, repeated use of CBD products may lead to an increased THC level in the body and cause a positive drug test(78)

  • What is the dosage for AVM?

    There is no standard CBD dosage for AVM. Your dosage may vary depending on your diet, exercise, genetics, and health condition(79)

    It is also best to start taking lower dosages of CBD initially, especially if you are using the compound for the first time(80).

    You should ask a doctor for advice and guidance on dosing.


  1. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350544
  2. Brain AVM (arteriovenous malformation)
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/brain-avm/symptoms-causes/syc-20350260
  3. Peripheral Arteriovenous Malformations
    https://www.mountsinai.org/locations/cerebrovascular-center/conditions/vascular-malformations/peripheral
  4. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350544
  5. Arteriovenous Malformations
    https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/arteriovenous-malformations
  6. Role of the Cannabinoid System in Pain Control and Therapeutic Implications for the Management of Acute and Chronic Pain Episodes
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2430692/
  7. Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21175589/
  8. Is the cardiovascular system a therapeutic target for cannabidiol?
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3579247/
  9. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350544
  10. Understanding the endocannabinoid system in cats and dogs
    https://ivcjournal.com/endocannabinoid-system-cats-dogs/
  11. The endocannabinoid system: Essential and mysterious
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/the-endocannabinoid-system-essential-and-mysterious-202108112569
  12. Cannabinoids and Pain: New Insights From Old Molecules
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2018.01259/full
  13. CBD oil: What is it and how does it work?
    https://www.eehealth.org/blog/2019/09/cbd-oil/
  14. The Effectiveness of Topical Cannabidiol Oil in Symptomatic Relief of Peripheral Neuropathy of the Lower Extremities
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31793418/
  15. ibid.
  16. Peripheral neuropathy
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peripheral-neuropathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20352061
  17. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350544
  18. ibid.
  19. Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3165951/
  20. Medical Cannabis, Headaches, and Migraines: A Review of the Current Literature
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8459575/
  21. Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Epilepsy: Hard Evidence at Last?
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5767492/
  22. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350544
  23. FDA Approves New Indication for Drug Containing an Active Ingredient Derived from Cannabis to Treat Seizures in Rare Genetic Disease
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-new-indication-drug-containing-active-ingredient-derived-cannabis-treat-seizures-rare
  24. ibid.
  25. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20454895
  26. page 210 of Healing With CBD
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  27. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350544
  28. How to Take CBD
    https://www.healthline.com/health/how-to-take-cbd#:~:text=A%202017%20review%20found%20that,cause%20other%20negative%20health%20effects.
  29. Can vaping damage your lungs? What we do (and don’t) know
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-vaping-damage-your-lungs-what-we-do-and-dont-know-2019090417734
  30. Healing with CBD page 205
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  31. Healing With CBD, page. 192
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  32. ibid. page. 191.
  33. Best way to take CBD
    https://www.projectcbd.org/guidance/best-way-take-cbd
  34. Can vaping damage your lungs? What we do (and don’t) know
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-vaping-damage-your-lungs-what-we-do-and-dont-know-2019090417734
  35. Healing With CBD, page. 193
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  36. Healing with CBD. page. 195.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  37. FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  38. Safety and side effects of cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22129319/
  39. Healing with CBD. page. 227.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  40. Cannabidiol Primer for Healthcare Professionals
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7340472/
  41. Flavonoids as antioxidants
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10924197/
  42. Cannabidiol (CBD)
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK556048/
  43. ISO Quality Services Ltd
    https://www.isoqsltd.com/faq/
  44. FDA Approves New Indication for Drug Containing an Active Ingredient Derived from Cannabis to Treat Seizures in Rare Genetic Disease
    https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-new-indication-drug-containing-active-ingredient-derived-cannabis-treat-seizures-rare
  45. ibid.
  46. New Congressional Farm Bill Legalizes Some Marijuana
    https://my.vanderbilt.edu/marijuanalaw/2018/12/new-congressional-farm-bill-legalizes-some-marijuana/
  47. Industrial hemp
    https://www.agmrc.org/commodities-products/fiber/industrial-hemp
  48. CBD & THC: Myths and misconceptions
    https://www.projectcbd.org/cbd-101/cbd-misconceptions
  49. Cannabidiol (CBD), page 5.
    https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf
  50. What are the benefits of CBD — and is it safe to use?
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/is-cbd-safe-and-effective/faq-20446700
  51. Spinal cord stimulation for spinal dural arteriovenous fistula-related pain: A case report
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214751919303524
  52. CBD and other medications: Proceed with caution
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cbd-and-other-medications-proceed-with-caution-2021011121743
  53. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20454895
  54. Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)
    https://www.uofmhealth.org/conditions-treatments/brain-neurological-conditions/cerebrovascular/cerebrovascular-disease-arteriovenous-malformation
  55. Brain AVM (arteriovenous malformation)
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/brain-avm/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350265
  56. Arteriovenous Malformations
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20454895
  57. Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)
    https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/16755-arteriovenous-malformation-avm
  58. Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)
    https://www.aans.org/en/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Arteriovenous-Malformations
  59. Brain Arteriovenous Malformation Repair: What to Expect at Home
    https://myhealth.alberta.ca/Health/aftercareinformation/pages/conditions.aspx?hwid=zc2754
  60. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350544
  61. ibid.
  62. Role of the Cannabinoid System in Pain Control and Therapeutic Implications for the Management of Acute and Chronic Pain Episodes
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2430692/
  63. Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21175589/
  64. The Effectiveness of Topical Cannabidiol Oil in Symptomatic Relief of Peripheral Neuropathy of the Lower Extremities
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31793418/
  65. Peripheral neuropathy
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peripheral-neuropathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20352061
  66. Arteriovenous malformation
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/symptoms-causes/syc-20350544
  67. ibid.
  68. Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3165951/
  69. Medical Cannabis, Headaches, and Migraines: A Review of the Current Literature
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8459575/
  70. Cannabidiol (CBD), page 5.
    https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf
  71. Cannabinoid (CBD) Pre-Review Report, page 14.
    https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/5.2_CBD.pdf
  72. What are the benefits of CBD — and is it safe to use?
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/is-cbd-safe-and-effective/faq-20446700
  73. Cannabidiol (CBD), page 5.
    https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf
  74. CBD and other medications: Proceed with caution
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cbd-and-other-medications-proceed-with-caution-2021011121743
  75. CBD and other medications: Proceed with caution
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cbd-and-other-medications-proceed-with-caution-2021011121743
  76. Arteriovenous Malformations
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriovenous-malformation/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20454895
  77. ibid.
  78. Can You Take CBD and Pass a Drug Test?
    https://www.consumerreports.org/cbd/can-you-take-cbd-and-pass-a-drug-test/
  79. CBD Dosing
    https://www.projectcbd.org/guidance/cbd-dosing
  80. ibid.
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