Best CBD and THC Edibles for Cough

A cough may be a normal reflex of the body’s immune system, or it may be a sign of a more severe pulmonary disease. Listed here are CBD edibles product recommendations that may help you deal with cough.

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil

4.8 out of 5
  1. Peppermint flavor masks any unpleasant taste
  2. Contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full
  3. Bottle includes a graduated dropper for correct serving measurement

Best CBD Purity

NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil

5.0 out of 5
  1. Natural remedy for various illnesses
  2. Product is full-spectrum whole-plant extract
  3. Contains naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes

Best High Potency

Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil

5.0 out of 5
  1. Maximum possible potency
  2. Each dropper full contains 80mg of CBD
  3. Conveniently fits in a 30mL bottle

Best Value

Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg

4.6 out of 5
  1. Proprietary full-spectrum
  2. Developed using advanced AVIDA CORE Spectrum Technology
  3. Highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3)

Best Value

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg

4.7 out of 5
  1. Made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp
  2. Available in many flavours
  3. Safe for daily use

Best THC Free

CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures

4.4 out of 5
  1. Do not contain THC
  2. Available in different potencies and sizes
  3. Brand has special deals and offers

Best Customer Rated

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg

4.4 out of 5
  1. THC-free
  2. Has plenty of flavours to choose from
  3. Totally vegan

Best For Beginners

NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil

4.6 out of 5
  1. Lowest concentration for CBD beginners
  2. Fully organic and lab-tested
  3. Full-spectrum

Best Flavor Range

Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil

3.9 out of 5
  1. Has a wide range of flavours
  2. Safe to intake
  3. Get 20% off when you avail of their subscription

Best Allergy Friendly

Royal CBD Full Spectrum CBD Oil

3.7 out of 5
  1. Has three flavors to choose from – Berry, Natural and Vanilla
  2. Vegan and Gluten-Free
  3. Superb customer service

Compare the Best CBD and THC Edibles for Cough in 2022

ProductPotencyPurityCustomer ServiceTypeExtractionTransparencyAbsorption
Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
4.8 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
4.6 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
3.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
4.7 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
4.4 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
4.4 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
4.6 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
3.9 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
Royal CBD Full Spectrum CBD Oil
3.7 out of 5
2.5 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
1.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5

Best CBD and THC Edibles for Cough

1. Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

4.8

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
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Purity

Customer Service

Type

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ProsCons

Mid-strength

No other flavors

Natural peppermint flavor

Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients

Overview

Each bottle of the 750mg CBD oil tincture contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full. The oil is peppermint flavor to mask any unpleasant tastes related to CBD.

2. NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

5.0

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
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Type

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ProsCons

Pure CBD hemp

No other flavors

All natural

Approximately 300 drops total

Overview

Natural remedy for various illnesses. NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil is a whole-plant extract containing a full spectrum of naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes.

3. Spruce 2400mg Lab Grade CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

5.0

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
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ProsCons

Extra Strength

Tastes bitter

No artificial flavoring or colors

No THC-free option

Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients

Overview

The largest bottle of CBD oil that Spruce offers contains 2,400mg of CBD. This is full-spectrum CBD oil, which is the maximum possible potency. Each high potency dropper full contains 80mg of CBD. There are no flavorings in it, which allows for the most CBD to fit in the 30ml bottle.

4. Avida Full Spectrum CBD Oil Tincture 500mg
cbdc overall score

4.6

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
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ProsCons

Light Spearmint flavor

No other flavor

Non-THC, Non-detected in drug test

Overview

Avida Extracts Full Spectrum CBD oil is the latest iteration of the brand’s advanced Avida CORE Spectrum technology. They use a proprietary full spectrum blend, resulting in the highest naturally occurring Phyto-cannabinoids and Terpenes with THC (<0.3) to support your health.

5. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg
cbdc overall score

4.7

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
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Customer Service

Type

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ProsCons

Various delicious flavors to choose from

cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options

Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients

Free shipping for this particular product within USA

World-class customer service team

Overview

cbdMD’s CBD oil tinctures are made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp and MCT oil as a carrier oil. Tinctures are offered in orange, mint, natural, and berry flavors. Safe for daily use, the oil tinctures are packaged with a built-in rubber dropper to adjust CBD dosage easily. The packaging is made to be easy to transport and discreet to use.

6. CBDistillery THC Free CBD Oil Tinctures
cbdc overall score

4.4

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
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Type

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ProsCons

60-Day Satisfaction Guarantee

Dropper is a bit shaky

Various strengths

Oil extracted from aerial plant parts of US grown industrial hemp

Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA through natural farming practices

Overview

CBDistillery’s Isolate CBD Oil Tinctures harness the power of pure CBD. CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures include 0.0% THC. When you use CBDistillery CBD Isolate Oil Tinctures, you can be assured you’re using the highest quality CBD on the market.

7. NuLeaf Naturals 300mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

4.6

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

ProsCons

Pure CBD hemp

No other flavors

All natural

A bit pricey compared to competitors

Approximately 100 drops total

Overview

This is one of several concentrations from NuLeaf Naturals. As the lowest concentration, it is the company’s best option for those new to CBD oil. The product is lab-tested and fully organic. It is full-spectrum, so it contains THC in small quantities.

8. cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 750mg
cbdc overall score

4.4

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
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Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

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Transparency

ProsCons

Vegan and Gluten free

Does not ship internationally

Has a third-party lab test

Wide variety of CBD strengths and sizes

Overview

A 750mg bottle of cbdMD’s Broad Spectrum Oil Tincture does not contain THC. It also has a fairly wide flavor range which is perfect for those who prefer other taste. Vegan consumers are considered since cbdMD offers Vegan products. Aside from all of that, another reason why people love cbdMD is because it’s free from harmful chemicals.

9. Hemp Bombs 750mg CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

3.9

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

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Transparency

ProsCons

Wide variety of flavors

Incomplete information about the product

Lab test results are complete

Does not ship to all international countries

30-day money-back guarantee

Overview

Hemp Bombs offer CBD Oil Tinctures that come in a 30ml bottle containing 750mg of CBD. They provide a wide range of flavors perfect for those that have a knack for sweets. Consumers can safely intake this because it’s free of chemicals and pesticides. Hemp Bombs also offer a 20% off on products upon subscription.

10. Royal CBD Full Spectrum CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

3.7

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

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Customer Service

Type

Extraction

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Transparency

ProsCons

Rich in phytochemicals including CBD, CBC, CBG, and a variety of flavorful terpenes

Shipping not specified on website

More flavors to choose from

3rd party lab result is currently not available on website

Extracts contain a whole array of cannabinoids and terpenes from the hemp plant — rather than pure CBD isolate

Overview

Excellent products and superb customer service. Whenever you want to ask them about the dosage, recommended consumption methods, or which CBD oil will work best for you, just give them a call, send them a message, or get in touch with their social media channels. They won’t leave you with any unanswered questions.

How CBD and THC Help with Cough

The immunomodulatory ability of cannabinoids, like cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), has led to their suggested anti-inflammatory potential(1)

Bronchodilation (the widening of the bronchi in the lungs) and the suppression of inflammation in these airways help alleviate pulmonary diseases(2)

The capability of cannabinoids to modulate inflammation and induce expansion in the bronchial airways asserts its importance in respiratory pathology(3)

Cough is a defensive reflex of the airways or a respiratory illness symptom(4). This reflex is essential in protecting the lungs and airways from irritants(5)

Naturally, cough expels the unwanted particles that individuals breathe in. However, in some cases, coughing may be a symptom of a more severe respiratory disease.

An acute cough is a most common and least severe cough, like a common cold(6). It lasts for three weeks or less, unlike chronic cough that lasts for more than eight weeks and may indicate lung disease(7).  

A cough may also be associated with flu symptoms, including stuffy nose or runny nose, fever, sore throat, body aches, and fatigue(8).

Some conditions that may be associated with cough are the following(9):

  • Rhinosinusitis
  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux
  • Lung cancer

Drinking fluid, resting, and taking pain killers are the typical remedies for cough. However, some pain relief medicines may inhibit phlegm from coming out(10).

Benefits of Using CBD for Cough

Cannabidiol (CBD), the non-psychoactive compound, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound, are the prevalent cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. 

These cannabinoids both work with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), the neuromodulatory system responsible for various central nervous system activities, inflammatory functions, and immune system functions(11).

The ECS has two types of receptors, the CB1 and CB2 receptors, that have different functions. 

CB1 receptors are mainly located in the brain and are believed to be responsible for regulating the psychoactivity of cannabinoids(12). CB1 regulates motor control, mood, and memory(13).

Meanwhile, CB2 receptors (peripheral receptors) primarily exist in the immune cells and are responsible for the ECS’ immunomodulatory functions(14).

THC has shown a high affinity with the CB1 receptors, while CBD binds weakly with CB1 and CB2 receptors. However, studies noted CBD’s antagonistic effect on both receptors with THC’s presence(15).

A study suggested that cannabinoid receptors, particularly the CB2 receptor, repressed the LPS-induced pulmonary inflammation in mice(16).

The regulation of CB2 receptors in the immune cell function in animal inflammatory diseases was mentioned in a study on the CB2 receptor’s role in inflammation(17).

Anti-Inflammatory Benefits of CBD and THC

Inflammation is the body’s response to irritants(18). It may be caused by bacteria or pathogens, external injuries, chemicals, or radiation(19).

Bronchitis is the inflammation of the central airways or bronchi in the lungs, with cough as its main symptom(20)

A study on mice suggested that CBD improved lung function and exhibited possible potent anti-inflammatory effects on mice with acute lung injury(21).

Simultaneously, the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD were demonstrated in experimental allergic asthma(22)

The research results showed that CBD in high doses may reduce the lung’s elastance (inflation of the lungs)(23). Moreover, regardless of the dosage, CBD may decrease the airway’s sensitivity and reactivity (hyperresponsiveness)(24).

Other potential benefits of CBD include analgesic effects on chronic pain. A study suggested that CBD’s pain-relief qualities are well-tolerated in clinical trials(25).

Cannabis edibles (with high THC content) were discussed in the research, saying that it is a discreet and safe way to feel the therapeutic effects of the cannabis plant compared to the possible risks of smoking(26)

However, the limited references concerning the ingestion of cannabis are inconclusive.

Using CBD Edibles for Cough

A study on CBD users found out that the most commonly used CBD products are CBD edibles(27). Moreover, according to this study’s results, the top reason for buying CBD is to relieve stress(28).

Edibles are CBD-infused drinks or foods(29). Ingesting edibles is a discreet and practical way to take CBD. 

It is advisable to go low and start slow when it comes to edibles. Most of the time, these edibles do not have a precise dosage. 

One has to wait at least 90 minutes (1 hour and 30 minutes) after consuming a single serving of CBD- and THC-infused food or drink(30)

High doses of CBD taken orally showed prospective anxiolytic and anti-psychotic effects(31). However, an excessive amount of THC may trigger euphoric effects.  

According to a book called Medical Edibles, a few examples of CBD edibles are(32):

  • Cannabutter
  • Canna Oil
  • Cannacream
  • Canna-peanut butter

Furthermore, CBD capsules, CBD gummies, CBD chocolates, CBD lollipops, CBD cookies, CBD candies, and CBD lozenges are also included under the edibles category.

Among the CBD edibles, the CBD lozenges may be the most appropriate kind of edibles for cough. These CBD lozenges are comparable to cough drops that are dissolved in the mouth(33)

How Soon Can CBD and THC Edibles’ Effects Be Felt?

One of the significant differences between inhaling and ingesting CBD and THC is its onset and duration of efficacy(34).

Inhalation of THC is known to have faster onset actions, while the orally taken CBD has a slow and erratic absorption rate(35)

Vaping or using a vaporizer is one way of inhaling THC and CBD. Inhalation has a quick onset of two to fifteen minutes and a peak effect in approximately 30 minutes(36).

Meanwhile, with ingestion, the onset of action takes 30 minutes to 90 minutes, depending on an individual’s metabolism and what they ate. The effects also last much longer, from six to eight hours.

CBD lozenges specifically used for cough may take 20 minutes to take effect(37)

The rate of absorption or bioavailability of ingested CBD and THC is 6% to 15% compared to the 17% to 44% bioavailability of the inhalation method(38).

However, smoking cannabis and inhaling THC, particularly in medical marijuana, may be associated with some adverse effects. The effects of CBD inhalation lasts for two to four hours only(41).

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), THC’s immune-suppressing effects in cannabis may escalate to other lung infections(39)

NIDA is a research institute under the US Department of Health, National Institutes Health,  and Human Services, dedicated to researching drug use and addiction(40).

Other Routes of Administration 

CBD products may also be administered through topical absorption, transdermal application, and sublingual delivery method.

Topical and transdermal methods of administration involve applying the CBD product directly to the skin. However, they have their differences.

The topical method is often used for targeted pain relief. In this method, the product components do not enter the bloodstream(42).

Meanwhile, when using a transdermal route, like CBD patches, the compound is absorbed into the bloodstream through the dermis of the skin(43).

CBD products, like CBD cream, CBD salve, CBD lotion, and CBD balms, are applied topically to the skin. On the other hand, CBD patches and CBD gels are transdermally administered. 

In sublingual applications (under the tongue), CBD is absorbed by the mouth’s mucous membranes. It takes 15 to 30 minutes of onset time, and the effects last for four to six hours(44).

Some CBD oil tinctures may be used sublingually or topically.

Risks of Using CBD and THC Edibles for Cough

With the limited studies available to support or test the use of CBD and THC edibles, some consumers are not educated on the onset time, dose, and drug-to-drug interaction of these edible products. The lack of information may result in harmful repercussions(45).

The growing literature on CBD-rich cannabis products talks about its potential health benefits. However, the unregulated availability and use of these products in dispensaries may pose risks to consumers’ health.

CBD Side Effects

CBD products are often marketed as supplements that may help enhance overall wellness. Even so, there are risks and consequences to keep in mind when taking CBD products.

Some known side effects of CBD include(46):

  • Diarrhea
  • Changes in appetite
  • Changes in weight
  • Nausea
  • Dry mouth
  • Drowsiness
  • Fatigue 

As consumers, you may want to consider consulting with your doctor before using any CBD products. 

It is also important to know the different interactions of CBD with other drugs, such as cytochrome inhibitors and inducers. CBD may increase or decrease some medications’ effects(47)

Note that CBD is not advised for people taking herbal medicines with sedative effects, as CBD may induce sleepiness and drowsiness(48).

Pregnant and breast-feeding women are also warned against taking CBD products, as the compound may have adverse effects on the fetus or infant(49)

The Legality of CBD and THC

There are two subspecies of cannabis, Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica(50). Two of the dominant constituents of cannabis are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). 

Hemp is a cannabis strain with a low amount of THC and a higher proportion of CBD. CBD-rich products extracted from hemp are federally legal under the Farm Bill 2018(51).

However, different states in the United States of America have distinct laws about cannabis and hemp products. It is best if you research these stipulations before using any CBD products to avoid unpleasant repercussions.

Things to Consider When Buying CBD THC Edibles for Cough

  • Type of CBD Extract

The type of hemp extract with both THC and CBD is the full-spectrum or whole-plant extract(52)

Unlike pure CBD molecule extracts or CBD isolates, full-spectrum CBD oil extracts contain other cannabinoids, like cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), and cannabichromene (CBC), with terpenes and flavonoids(53).

CBD and THC have the ability to bind together synergistically and result in the entourage effect, wherein non-psychoactive compounds, like CBD, modulate the effects of the whole cannabis plant(54).

  • Source of CBD extract

Knowing the hemp extract source is understanding the quality of the hemp and the cultivars’ farming protocols.

CBD companies often assert their hemp extracts are derived from high-quality, USA-grown hemp. Identifying the hemp source may verify these claims. 

Colorado, Oregon, North Carolina, and Kentucky are some of the states in America with a hemp pilot program(55).

In this program, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) can approve plans laid out by states and Indian tribes regarding hemp’s domestic production(56)

If a state is under this program, the USDA has to approve their plans first before they proceed with the production of their hemp.

  • Extraction Method

The CO2 extraction process and ethanol extraction methods are commonly used in obtaining CBD extracts. Knowing the extraction process may help buyers assess the purity and safety of CBD products. 

It also helps consumers make purchase decisions when a brand is transparent about its extraction process.

  • Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Laboratory test results are indicated in the certificate of analysis (COA) of CBD products. This certificate ensures consumers that the products have been tested for pesticides, chemicals, and microbial contaminants.

The COA also provides information on the amount of CBD in the product and per serving. Examining the COA is a way of verifying a product’s CBD and THC content. 

  • CBD Strength and Potency

The potency per serving and concentration per container indicated in the COA shows how much CBD is in every product. Higher potency means more CBD content per serving.  

  • Ingredients

Knowing the ingredients of the CBD product may help you identify any possible allergy-inducing components in the product.

Most CBD products contain carrier oils that may contribute to the beneficial effects of CBD. Hempseed oil and MCT oil (medium-chain triglycerides) are two of CBD products’ most common carrier oils.

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How can CBD help with a cough?

    CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties may have beneficial effects on the airways of the lungs(57). This activity may have potential advantages in the treatment of airway irritations like cough(58).

  • What evidence or research exists to say that CBD helps with cough?

    Studies have shown CBD’s ability to reduce inflammation in experimental allergic asthma(59). Additionally, some animal studies have also demonstrated anti-inflammatory effects on mice’s acute lung injury(60).

  • How do you administer CBD for cough?

    CBD may be administered through vape inhalation or ingestion of CBD edibles, like lozenges. There are other ways to administer CBD depending on your needs, like sublingually, topically, and transdermally.

  • Is there any evidence that CBD can make a cough worse?

    There are limited studies concerning CBD’s administration for a cough to conclude that it makes the cough worse. Consumers are advised to seek a doctor’s advice before using CBD products. 

  • Will CBD interact with any current medication I may be taking for cough?

    CBD interacts with antihistamines, antidepressants, and opioids. Taking CBD with these kinds of medications may induce oversedation(61)

  • Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help with a cough?

    CBD may decrease or increase the liver’s ability to dissolve some medications(62). Caution is advised in taking other treatments alongside CBD. 

  • Can I fail a drug test if I use CBD for cough?

    Taking CBD alone or with low traces of THC may not be detected in a drug test. Even so, high THC content may induce a positive drug test.

  • Is CBD safe for cough?

    Some studies have shown CBD’s benefits to respiratory airways and advantages in treating some pulmonary illnesses, like asthma(63). However, the safety of CBD for cough is indeterminate due to the limited literature available. 

  • What is the dosage for a cough?

    Based on a review of CBD in human trials, the dose, formulations, and dosage schemes vary notably in every analyzed study(64). Thus, it is advisable to start slowly and go on low doses in taking CBD products. 


  1. Bozkurt T. E. (2019). Endocannabinoid System in the Airways. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 24(24), 4626.
    https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24244626
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid.
  4. K F Chung (2005) Drugs to suppress cough, Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs, 14:1, 19-27, DOI: 10.1517/13543784.14.1.19
  5. American Lung Association, (n.d.), Learn About Cough, retrieved from
    https://www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/wellness/cough/learn-about-cough
  6. Ibid.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Center for Disease Contorl and Prevention, (n.d.), Flu Symptoms and Complications, retrieved from
    https://www.cdc.gov/flu/symptoms/symptoms.htm
  9. Ameircan Lung Association, Op. Cit.
  10. NHS Inform, (n.d.), Coughs, retrieved from
    https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/lungs-and-airways/cough#:~:text=A%20cough%20is%20a%20reflex,to%20help%20clear%20your%20airways
  11. Lu, H. C., & Mackie, K. (2016). An Introduction to the Endogenous Cannabinoid System. Biological psychiatry, 79(7), 516–525.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.07.028
  12. Khan, M. I., Sobocińska, A. A., Czarnecka, A. M., Król, M., Botta, B., & Szczylik, C. (2016). The Therapeutic Aspects of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) for Cancer and their Development: From Nature to Laboratory. Current pharmaceutical design, 22(12), 1756–1766.
    https://doi.org/10.2174/1381612822666151211094901
  13. Vuckovic, S., Srebro D., et. al., (November 2018), Cannabinoids and Pain: New Insights From Old Molecules, retrieved from https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2018.01259/full
  14. Turcotte, C., Blanchet, M. R., Laviolette, M., & Flamand, N. (2016). The CB2 receptor and its role as a regulator of inflammation. Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS, 73(23), 4449–4470.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-016-2300-4
  15. Vuckovic, S., Op. Cit.
  16. Berdyshev E, Boichot E, Corbel M, Germain N, Lagente V. Effects of cannabinoid receptor ligands on LPS-induced pulmonary inflammation in mice. Life Sci. 1998;63(8):PL125-9. doi: 10.1016/s0024-3205(98)00324-5. PMID: 9718090.
  17. Turcotte, C., Op. Cit.
  18. InformedHealth.org [Internet]. Cologne, Germany: Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG); 2006-. What is an inflammation? 2010 Nov 23 [Updated 2018 Feb 22]. Available from:
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279298/
  19. Ibid.
  20. NHS Inform, (n.d.), Bronchitis, retrieved from
    https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/lungs-and-airways/bronchitis#:~:text=Bronchitis%20is%20an%20infection%20of,a%20sore%20throat%20and%20wheezing
  21. Ribeiro, A., Almeida, V. I., et. al., (March 2014), Cannabidiol improves lung function and inflammation in mice submitted to LPS-induced acute lung injury, retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/08923973.2014.976794
  22. Vuolo, F., Abreu, C. S., (January 2019), Cannabidiol reduces airway inflammation and fibrosis in experimental allergic asthma, retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0014299918306836?casa_token=ia5rr_DAzMkAAAAA:-a11jBjgb9EklyRqjpDBLME_YxKH4sHwvBy54mcUgLWlBbpVK0FH1CguwqJPOj2Rd1XXRzNcwsxi
  23. Ibid.
  24. Ibid.
  25. Russo E. B. (2008). Cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain. Therapeutics and clinical risk management, 4(1), 245–259.
    https://doi.org/10.2147/tcrm.s1928
  26. Barrus, D., Capogrossi, K., Cates, S., Gourdet, C., Peiper, N., Novak, S., Lefever, T., & Wiley, J. (2016). Tasty THC: Promises and challenges of cannabis edibles. RTI Press. RTI Press Publication No. OP-0035-1611
    https://doi.org/10.3768/rtipress.2016.op.0035.1611
  27. Wheeler, M., Merten, J. W., et. al., (February 2020), CBD (Cannabidiol) Product Attitudes, Knowledge, and Use Among Young Adults, retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10826084.2020.1729201
  28. Ibid.
  29. Konieczny, E., (2018), Healing with CBD, pp.204 , retrieved from
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  30. Konieczny, E., (2018), Healing with CBD, P. 102, retrieved from
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  31. Solowij, N., Broyd, S.J., van Hell, H.H. et al. A protocol for the delivery of cannabidiol (CBD) and combined CBD and ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) by vaporisation. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 15, 58 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/2050-6511-15-58
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  33. Evans, J., (n.d.) Ingestion and Oral Consumption, p.26, The Ultimate Guide to CBD: Explore the World of Cannabidiol, retrieved from
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  34. Barrus, D., Op. Cit.
  35. Solowij, N., Op. Cit.
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  39. NIDA. 2020, April 8. What are marijuana’s effects on lung health?. Retrieved from
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  42. Ibid.
  43. Ibid.
  44. Ibid.
  45. Barrus, D. Op. Cit.
  46. Bauer, B. A., (n.d.), What are the benefits of CBD — and is it safe to use?,
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  47. Medline Plus, (n.d.), Cannabidiol (CBD), retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1439.html
  48. Ibid.
  49. Ibid.
  50. Fine, P. G., & Rosenfeld, M. J. (2013). The endocannabinoid system, cannabinoids, and pain. Rambam Maimonides medical journal, 4(4), e0022. https://doi.org/10.5041/RMMJ.10129
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  53. Ibid.
  54. Vuckovic, S., Op. Cit.
  55. National Conference of State Legislatures. (October 2020). State Industrial Hemp Statutes. Retrieved from:
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  60. Rebeiro, A., Op. Cit.
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  64. Larsen, C., & Shahinas, J. (2020). Dosage, Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol Administration in Adults: A Systematic Review of Human Trials. Journal of clinical medicine research, 12(3), 129–141.
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