CBD wax is a form of CBD concentrates typically derived from industrial hemp. While one can also use high-CBD marijuana strains, hemp is preferable.
Hemp-derived CBD is known for its non-psychoactive effects, which means they do not give the user a euphoric high.
Because CBD wax is highly-concentrated, it allows the user to take high levels of CBD while ingesting less volume in the process. Thus, users need less CBD to achieve the desired results.
Types of CBD Wax
CBD wax manufacturers do not always list their products as CBD wax. Instead, they label the products as CBD shatter, CBD budder, CBD crumble, or CBD live resin.
- CBD shatter looks like shattered or broken glass, which gave it its name. Some people liken it to rock candy.
Amber-hued CBD shatter is heated before it is consumed, turning it into a thick liquid that is similar to honey.
- CBD budder is made by heating hemp at extremely high pressure and temperatures, resulting in a creamy consistency similar to that of butter, which probably gave this CBD wax its name.
- CBD crumble is made using a similar extraction process to that of budder, but uses a pre-purged CBD oil high in moisture and viscosity.
This process results in a product more crumbly than CBD budder, with a consistency similar to that of feta cheese.
- CBD live resin is derived from frozen buds. The freezing process maintains a variety of other terpenes and cannabinoids, which helps improve the product’s flavor and aroma.
All other extraction methods applied to produce CBD wax use hemp that has been air-dried and cured.
When hemp is frozen first, the highest terpene content is preserved. These terpenes are essential as they offer many therapeutic benefits by themselves.
Thus, CBD live resin is the crème de la crème when it comes to different types of CBD wax. The CBD live resin is typically the costliest option as well.
How CBD Wax Is Made
Several extraction processes can be used to make CBD wax. Still, the basic process is blasting the plant material with a solvent, which is called a closed-loop extraction system.
Two conventional methods used to produce CBD wax are butane hash oil (BHO) and CO2 extraction methods.
The BHO extraction process uses butane to pull out all the essential oils in the cannabis plant, like the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Terpenes are natural compounds responsible for a plant’s scent and flavor. Meanwhile, flavonoids are naturally-occurring plant pigments responsible for a plant’s vivid color.
However, the BHO method has its disadvantages. Aside from the danger of explosion during production, any residual butane that remains in the concentrate should be removed. The removal of all butane residue is essential because butane is toxic.
The CO2 extraction has become a preferred method of producing CBD wax. This process involves the use of pressurized carbon dioxide to pull out cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.
Using high pressure and heat turn the CO2 supercritical, meaning it acts like a liquid and a gas simultaneously. Thus, the CO2 extraction is also referred to as supercritical CO2 extraction.
After extraction, any remaining CO2 in the concentrate evaporates, producing a cleaner CBD wax compared to that produced with butane.
A high level of knowledge and expertise goes into producing CBD wax. Every aspect of the process requires a combination of creativity, science, and skill.
At the end of each process, however, the final product is far more potent than anything else available in the CBD market.
How to Use CBD Wax
There are different ways to consume CBD wax, and they all include heating the wax and inhaling the vapor.
- Dabbing is the flash-vaporization of cannabis concentrate through the use of a dab rig or wax pen. The vapor produced is then inhaled.
Similar to a small bong in its shape, the dab rig is the water-filled device through which the user inhales the vapor.
One of the significant elements of the dab rig is the nail, which is the part where the wax is vaporized. The nail is typically made of ceramic, glass or titanium, and is heated up using a blowtorch.
- CBD wax may also be taken with a bong. Place the CBD wax in the bowl of the bong, light it, and then inhale the vapor.
- Vaporizing CBD is one of the most preferred methods of ingestion. The best vaporizers or vape pens are made with a quartz crystal or ceramic heating chamber with titanium coils.
CBD oil vapes are one of the quickest ways to get CBD into the body since it enters the bloodstream through the lungs, without going through the digestive system.
When vaping CBD oil, effects can be felt in minutes. However, the effects last only for 30 minutes to an hour or two.
Vaping is not for everyone. Experts are not sure if vaping caused these lung problems but believe the most likely culprit is a contaminant, including irritation or allergic reactions to chemicals in the inhaled vapors (1).
Thus, individuals contemplating vaping CBD for the first time must proceed with caution.
The most significant advantage of CBD wax is the high potency it contains. When CBD wax is made correctly, it contains little to no residual solvents and an extremely high concentration of CBD.
There are different kinds of CBD wax, and knowing the differences between each type can help individuals make a more informed choice on which product is beneficial and suitable for their needs.
When looking for the most potent CBD products, check the label for information on the product’s potency or bioavailability.
- Shmerling, R. (2019, Dec 10). Can vaping damage your lungs? What we do (and don’t) know. https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-vaping-damage-your-lungs-what-we-do-and-dont-know-2019090417734.