CBD wax is a form of CBD concentrates typically derived from industrial hemp. While one can also use high-CBD marijuana strains, hemp is preferable. 

Hemp-derived CBD is known for its non-psychoactive effects, which means they do not give the user a euphoric high. 

Because CBD wax is highly-concentrated, it allows the user to take high levels of CBD while ingesting less volume in the process. Thus, users need less CBD to achieve the desired results.

Types of CBD Wax

CBD wax manufacturers do not always list their products as CBD wax. Instead, they label the products as CBD shatter, CBD budder, CBD crumble, or CBD live resin.

  • CBD shatter looks like shattered or broken glass, which gave it its name. Some people liken it to rock candy. 

Amber-hued CBD shatter is heated before it is consumed, turning it into a thick liquid that is similar to honey.

  • CBD budder is made by heating hemp at extremely high pressure and temperatures, resulting in a creamy consistency similar to that of butter, which probably gave this CBD wax its name.
  • CBD crumble is made using a similar extraction process to that of budder, but uses a pre-purged CBD oil high in moisture and viscosity. 

This process results in a product more crumbly than CBD budder, with a consistency similar to that of feta cheese.

  • CBD live resin is derived from frozen buds. The freezing process maintains a variety of other terpenes and cannabinoids, which helps improve the product’s flavor and aroma. 

All other extraction methods applied to produce CBD wax use hemp that has been air-dried and cured. 

When hemp is frozen first, the highest terpene content is preserved. These terpenes are essential as they offer many therapeutic benefits by themselves.

Thus, CBD live resin is the crème de la crème when it comes to different types of CBD wax. The CBD live resin is typically the costliest option as well.

How CBD Wax Is Made

Several extraction processes can be used to make CBD wax. Still, the basic process is blasting the plant material with a solvent, which is called a closed-loop extraction system. 

Two conventional methods used to produce CBD wax are butane hash oil (BHO) and CO2 extraction methods.  

The BHO extraction process uses butane to pull out all the essential oils in the cannabis plant, like the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. 

Terpenes are natural compounds responsible for a plant’s scent and flavor. Meanwhile, flavonoids are naturally-occurring plant pigments responsible for a plant’s vivid color.

However, the BHO method has its disadvantages. Aside from the danger of explosion during production, any residual butane that remains in the concentrate should be removed. The removal of all butane residue is essential because butane is toxic.  

The CO2 extraction has become a preferred method of producing CBD wax. This process involves the use of pressurized carbon dioxide to pull out cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. 

Using high pressure and heat turn the CO2 supercritical, meaning it acts like a liquid and a gas simultaneously. Thus, the CO2 extraction is also referred to as supercritical CO2 extraction.

After extraction, any remaining CO2 in the concentrate evaporates, producing a cleaner CBD wax compared to that produced with butane.  

A high level of knowledge and expertise goes into producing CBD wax. Every aspect of the process requires a combination of creativity, science, and skill. 

At the end of each process, however, the final product is far more potent than anything else available in the CBD market.

How to Use CBD Wax

There are different ways to consume CBD wax, and they all include heating the wax and inhaling the vapor.

  • Dabbing is the flash-vaporization of cannabis concentrate through the use of a dab rig or wax pen. The vapor produced is then inhaled. 

Similar to a small bong in its shape, the dab rig is the water-filled device through which the user inhales the vapor.

One of the significant elements of the dab rig is the nail, which is the part where the wax is vaporized. The nail is typically made of ceramic, glass or titanium, and is heated up using a blowtorch.

  • CBD wax may also be taken with a bong. Place the CBD wax in the bowl of the bong, light it, and then inhale the vapor. 
  • Vaporizing CBD is one of the most preferred methods of ingestion. The best vaporizers or vape pens are made with a quartz crystal or ceramic heating chamber with titanium coils.

CBD oil vapes are one of the quickest ways to get CBD into the body since it enters the bloodstream through the lungs, without going through the digestive system. 

When vaping CBD oil, effects can be felt in minutes. However, the effects last only for 30 minutes to an hour or two.

Vaping is not for everyone. Experts are not sure if vaping caused these lung problems but believe the most likely culprit is a contaminant, including irritation or allergic reactions to chemicals in the inhaled vapors (1)

Thus, individuals contemplating vaping CBD for the first time must proceed with caution.

Conclusion

The most significant advantage of CBD wax is the high potency it contains. When CBD wax is made correctly, it contains little to no residual solvents and an extremely high concentration of CBD.

There are different kinds of CBD wax, and knowing the differences between each type can help individuals make a more informed choice on which product is beneficial and suitable for their needs.

When looking for the most potent CBD products, check the label for information on the product’s potency or bioavailability.


  1. Shmerling, R. (2019, Dec 10). Can vaping damage your lungs? What we do (and don’t) know. https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-vaping-damage-your-lungs-what-we-do-and-dont-know-2019090417734

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International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) – Summaries & Evaluations

BROMOFORM

(Group 3)

For definition of Groups, see Preamble Evaluation.

VOL.: 71 (1999) (p. 1309)

CAS No.: 75-25-2

  1. Evaluation

No epidemiological data relevant to the carcinogenicity of bromoform were available.

There is limited evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of bromoform.

Overall evaluation

Bromoform is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans (Group 3).

For definition of the italicized terms, see Preamble Evaluation.

Previous evaluation: Vol. 52 (1991)

Synonym

Tribromomethane

Last updated: 13 April 1999

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) – Summaries & Evaluations

BROMOFORM

(Group 3)

For definition of Groups, see Preamble Evaluation.

VOL.: 52 (1991) (p. 213)

CAS No.: 75-25-2

  1. Summary of Data Reported and Evaluation

5.1 Exposure data

Bromoform has a limited number of industrial uses. It is also found in chlorinated drinking-water as a consequence of the reaction between chlorine, added during water treatment, and natural organic substances in the presence of bromide ion. Bromoform has been detected in chlorinated drinking-water in many parts of the world; it has also been detected in untreated water, but at lower levels. Bromoform is the major organohalide produced by chlorination of seawater during desalination. It is a major component of the organohalides produced by marine algae.

The major route of human exposure to bromoform is from drinking-water, although ambient air is also an important source of exposure in some areas.

5.2 Experimental carcinogenicity data

Bromoform was tested for carcinogenicity in a two-year study by oral gavage in male and female B6C3F1 mice and Fischer 344 rats. It induced adenomatous polyps and adenocarcinomas of the large intestine in male and female rats. Bromoform did not increase the proportion of mice with tumours. In a screening test by intraperitoneal injection, there was a slight increase in the average number of lung tumours in strain A mice given the middle dose of bromoform.

5.3 Human carcinogenicity data

No relevant data were available to the Working Group.

5.4 Other relevant data

In experimental animals, bromoform induced liver and kidney damage and decreased the immune response.

There is some evidence of developmental toxicity in the absence of maternal toxicity in rats.

Mutagenic effects of bromoform were observed occasionally in bacteria. In single studies, bromoform induced mitotic arrest in plants, mutations in insects and in cultured mammalian cells and sister chromatid exchange in human lymphocytes. Chromosomal aberrations were induced in cultured mammalian cells. In single studies in rodents in vivo, bromoform did not bind to DNA or cause chromosomal aberrations. Sister chromatid exchange was induced in rodents in vivo.

5.5 Evaluation

There is inadequate evidence for the carcinogenicity of bromoform in humans.

There is limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of bromoform in experimental animals.

Overall evaluation

Bromoform is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans (Group 3).

For definition of the italicized terms, see Preamble Evaluation.

Subsequent evaluation: Vol. 71 (1999)

Synonyms

Methenyl tribromide

Methyl tribromide

Tribromomethane

Last updated: 13 April 1999

See Also:

Bromoform (CHEMINFO)

Bromoform (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)

Bromoform (ICSC)

 

1,2-DICHLOROETHYLENEICSC: 0436

 

IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:

COLOURLESS LIQUID, WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.

 

PHYSICAL DANGERS:

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

 

CHEMICAL DANGERS:

The substance decomposes on heating or under the influence of air, light and moisture producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride. Reacts with strong oxidants. Reacts with copper or copper alloys, and bases to produce toxic chloroacetylene which is spontaneously flammable in contact with air. Attacks plastic.

 

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:

TLV: 200 ppm as TWA; (ACGIH 2003).

MAK: 200 ppm, 800 mg/m³; Peak limitation category: II(2); (DFG 2002).

ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:

The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

 

INHALATION RISK:

A harmful contamination of the air will be reached quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.

 

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:

The substance is irritating to the eyes and the respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system at high levels, resulting in lowering of consciousness.

 

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

The liquid defats the skin. The substance may have effects on the liver.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 55°C

Relative density (water = 1): 1.28

Solubility in water: poor

Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.34

Flash point: 2°C c.c.

Auto-ignition temperature: 460°C

Explosive limits, vol% in air: 9.7-12.8

Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2

ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
NOTES
This compound has two isomers, cis and trans. Data for the isomers: cis-isomer (CAS 156-59-2), trans isomer (CAS 156-60-5), other boiling point 60.3, melting point -81.5°C (cis), -49.4°C (trans); flash point c.c. 6°C (cis), 2-4°C (trans); relative density (water = 1) 1.28 (cis), 1.26 (trans); vapour pressure 24.0 kPa (cis), 35.3 kPa (trans) at 20°C; relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.6 (cis), 1.8 (trans); octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 1.86 (cis), 2.09 (trans).

Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

LEGAL NOTICENeither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
© IPCS, CEC 1999

 

 

4-DIMETHYLAMINOAZOBENZENEICSC: 1498
Date of Peer Review: October 2005

N,N-Dimethyl-4-phenylazobenzenamine

p-Dimethylaminoazobenzene

N,N-Dimethyl-p-(phenylazo)aniline

 

CAS #60-11-7C14H15N3 / C6H5N=NC6H4N(CH3)2
RTECS #BX7350000Molecular mass: 225.3
UN #3143 

EC Index #

 

TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSUREACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMSPREVENTIONFIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRENot combustible.In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSION

 

EXPOSUREPREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID ALL CONTACT!
InhalationCough. Sore throat.Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.Fresh air, rest.
SkinRedness. Pain.Protective gloves. Protective clothing.Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
EyesRedness. Pain.Safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
IngestionDo not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.Give plenty of water to drink.

 

SPILLAGE DISPOSALPACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles. Sweep spilled substance into containers; if appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting.EU Classification

UN Classification

UN Hazard Class: 6.1

UN Pack Group: III

EMERGENCY RESPONSESTORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61GT2-III
 

IPCS

International

Programme on

Chemical Safety

Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS, CEC 2005

 

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK

 

 

4-DIMETHYLAMINOAZOBENZENEICSC: 1498

 

IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:

YELLOW CRYSTALS

 

CHEMICAL DANGERS:

The substance decomposes on heating producing nitrogen oxides.

 

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:

TLV not established. MAK not established.

ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:

The substance can be absorbed into the body by ingestion.

 

INHALATION RISK:

Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed.

 

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:

The substance is irritating to the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

 

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Decomposes below boiling point

Melting point: 114-117 °C

Solubility in water: none

Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 4.58
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
NOTES
Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated adequately. C.I. 11020, Fast yellow and Solvent yellow 2 are commonly used names.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

LEGAL NOTICENeither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
© IPCS, CEC 2005

 

`          “““““““““““`

 

BROMOFORMICSC: 0108
Date of Peer Review: April 1994

Tribromomethane

Methenyl tribromide

 

CAS #75-25-2CHBr3
RTECS #PB5600000Molecular mass: 252.7
UN #2515 

EC #602-007-00-X

 

TYPES OF HAZARD / EXPOSUREACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMSPREVENTIONFIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRENot combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.In case of fire in the surroundings: use appropriate extinguishing media.
EXPLOSIONIn case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.

 

EXPOSURESTRICT HYGIENE!IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
InhalationReddening of the face. Salivation. Disturbance of movements. Convulsions. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Unconsciousness. Loss of memory. Shock.Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
SkinMAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. (Further see Inhalation).Protective gloves. Protective clothing.Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention.
EyesRedness. Pain.Safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
IngestionBurning sensation. (Further see Inhalation).Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention.

 

SPILLAGE DISPOSALPACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus.Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. Marine pollutant.

EU Classification

Symbol: T, N

R: 23-36/38-51/53

S: (1/2-)-28-45-61

UN Classification

UN Hazard Class: 6.1

UN Pack Group: III

EMERGENCY RESPONSESAFE STORAGE
Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61S2515Separated from strong bases, food and feedstuffs, oxidants, metals. Keep in the dark. Ventilation along the floor. Store only if stabilized.
 

IPCS

International

Programme on

Chemical Safety

Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS, CEC 2004

 

SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK

 

 

BROMOFORMICSC: 0108

 

IMPORTANT DATA
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:

COLOURLESS LIQUID, WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. TURNS YELLOW ON EXPOSURE TO LIGHT AND AIR.

 

CHEMICAL DANGERS:

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen bromide and bromine. The substance is a weak acid. Reacts violently with oxidants, bases in powdered form and is corrosive to most metals. Reacts with alkaline metals, powdered aluminium, zinc, magnesium, and acetone under basic conditions, causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastic, rubber, coatings.

 

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:

TLV: 0.5 ppm as TWA; (skin); A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans); (ACGIH 2004).

MAK: Carcinogen category: 3B; (DFG 2004).

ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:

The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and through the skin.

 

INHALATION RISK:

A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

 

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:

Lachrymation. The substance is irritating to the respiratory tract, the eyes and the skin. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system and liver, resulting in impaired functions.

 

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and liver, resulting in tissue lesions.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Boiling point: 149-152°C

Melting point: 8.3°C

Relative density (water = 1): 2.9

Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 0.1

Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.7

Relative vapour density (air = 1): 8.7

Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.05

Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.38

ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment because it persists in the environment.
NOTES
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance, consult an expert. Do NOT take working clothes home.

Card has been partly updated in April 2005. See sections Occupational Exposure Limits, EU classification, Emergency Response.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

LEGAL NOTICENeither the CEC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information
© IPCS, CEC 2004

See Also:

 Bromoform (CHEMINFO)

 Bromoform (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 52, 1991)

 Bromoform (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 71, 1999)

 

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