Antifungal medications are known to cause some side effects, especially when administered internally or taken orally. Adverse reactions may include indigestion, abdominal pain, rashes, flatulence, and diarrhea. People who seek an alternative remedy to treat fungal infections turn to CBD. With CBD, patients are relieved of the symptoms of infection without having to suffer any reactions that typically come with the use of conventional antifungals. There are numerous anecdotal accounts on the internet of people who have successfully used cannabis and CBD to treat fungal infections. Although the studies are limited, there is already evidence of CBD’s potency. Those who want to include CBD in their therapy should consult first with their doctor for advice.
What are Fungi?
Fungi can be single-celled or multicellular organisms. They are found in almost any habitat, but most live in the soil or on plant materials. A classification of fungi, called the decomposers, grows in the soil or on dead plant matter. Decomposers play a crucial role in the cycling of carbon and other elements. Some fungi are parasites of plants causing diseases such as mildews, scabs, and rusts. In crops, fungal diseases can lead to substantial financial loss for the farmer. A small number of fungi can also cause diseases in animals. In humans, these diseases include athletes’ foot, ringworm, and thrush.
How Antifungal Medications Work
Bacteria are prokaryotes or single-celled organisms with no nucleus. Meanwhile, fungi are eukaryotes or organisms with a DNA-containing nucleus. All plants and animals are eukaryotes. With this type of organism, it is challenging to kill fungal cells without causing harm or damage to human cells. Cholesterol is essential to human health and cellular membranes. Cholesterol acts like cement, giving cellular membrane integrity and flexibility. Similarly, a compound called ergosterol maintains the structure of the cell membrane in fungal cells.
Fungal infections can vary, from being disconcerting to being fatal. Antifungal medications work by preventing the generation of ergosterol. Almost all antifungal medications in the market work the same way. Ergosterol is necessary for microbes, but not cholesterol. Inhibiting the production of ergosterol prevents the cell membranes of fungi from developing, thereby causing fungal death without harming the human host.
CBD, CBC, and CBG regulate the expression of genes that are related to immunity and the metabolism of cholesterol and ergosterol. Researchers now focus on the differences between cholesterol and ergosterol, and how they can be exploited by combining their traits with that of broad-spectrum cannabinoids.
Antifungal Benefits of CBD
The current pharmaceutical options available can be invasive to some people. Moreover, some therapy programs may lead to undesired side effects on the body and bring a more unwarranted burden to the afflicted. Some people experience severe reactions to conventional prescriptions and OTC medications available. Those who seek a more natural form of remedy against fungi report that CBD medications deliver a milder effect compared to some of the most commonly used active ingredients on the market. CBD may be a lot safer on the human body, as well.
Some fungi are more harmful and damaging than others, so one must determine the type of fungi that he or she is trying to eradicate or suppress. As some fungal infections may be lethal, individuals who suspect an infection should consult with a medical professional immediately. During the consultation, the doctor and patient may discuss the introduction of CBD to one’s health program or as an alternative wellness option.
Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties of Cannabis
Many people refer to cannabis as “weed” because of its resiliency to thrive in abundance with very little help needed. The plant is sturdy because it has built up some strong defenses against bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This evolutionary function of cannabis has to do with protecting the plant’s leaves and flowers from bacterial or fungal infections. Hence, cannabis and hemp (a cannabis strain with less than 0.3% THC) crops are preferred by farmers and botanists for the plants’ independence from pesticides and other dangerous chemicals that can also poison the soil. Moreover, certain strains of cannabis contain the terpene caryophyllene oxide, which is a fierce adversary of fungi. Caryophyllene oxide is the specific chemical that sniffer dogs respond to in cannabis. This terpene can also prevent fungal growth in both cannabis plants and humans.
Almost every cannabinoid is a potent anti-inflammatory, like THC. Meanwhile, other cannabinoids share similar characteristics, from the potential to reduce cancer growth to the ability to enhance brain development. One of the advantageous traits of cannabis that is common in other cannabinoids is the antimicrobial characteristic that both CBG and CBC possess. CBD, CBG, and CBC also have exhibited exceptional antifungal and antibacterial properties. The antifungal benefits of CBD have been known since the 1980s, although little research has been done since that time.
Antibiotic Benefits of CBD
CBD is already being researched further and currently used for anxiety, insomnia, epilepsy, and pain. However, CBD may also be the next antidote for resistant infections, a new study suggests, calling cannabidiol “a powerful new antibiotic.” This piece of information is useful, as antibiotic resistance reaches alarmingly high levels, according to the World Health Organization.
The researchers examined CBD against different types of bacteria, including those bacteria that have become resistant to the commonly used antibiotics. Dr. Mark Blaskovich, a research officer at the Centre for Superbug Solutions at the Institute for Molecular Bioscience in Australia, explained CBD’s appeal. He said the combination of CBD’s intrinsic antimicrobial activity and its ability to reduce damage caused by the inflammatory response to infections is attractive.
The research involves some tests done in test tubes and animal models. Researchers initially investigated CBD’s ability to terminate bacteria. In every case, CBD had an almost identical potency to that of conventional antibiotics. The scientists also examined CBD against some strains of streptococcus (causes strep throat) and staphylococcus (causes skin infections). They tested how effective CBD was compared to standard antibiotics, such as vancomycin and daptomycin. The results showed that CBD destroyed the bacteria within 3 hours, which is fast. Meanwhile, vancomycin kills bacteria within 6 to 8 hours.
The research also established that CBD is effective against gram-positive bacteria but not gram-negative. Gram-positive bacteria cause severe skin infections and pneumonia. Gram-negative bacteria include E. coli, which causes urinary tract infections and diarrhea. Salmonella, which is found in undercooked foods, is another example of gram-negative bacteria.
However, the researchers could not explain how CBD fights infection. They believe that CBD works by damaging the outer membrane of the bacteria to make it leaky. Still, Dr. Blaskovich, believes that CBD operates on an entirely new mechanism of action. The results are encouraging, but still in the early stages. As the study needs to be followed up on, Dr. Blaskovich cautions people to keep the pieces of information in context.
CBD Oil or Hemp Oil?
People often use the term “hemp oil” to refer to the CBD-rich product extracted from the hemp plant’s flowers and leaves, which is essentially CBD oil. However, the term is also used to refer to hemp seed oil that contains no CBD. Although hemp seed oil is not CBD oil, the hemp plant’s flowers and leaves are one source of CBD oil. CBD oil is available in different varieties, such as full-spectrum (oil derived from the whole plant), THC-free distillate, and CBD isolates.
Hemp Oil as An Antibacterial Agent
Results from a study suggest that hemp oil’s antibacterial properties inhibited the actions of several types of bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcus aureus is a harmful bacterium that could cause pneumonia and infections of the skin, bone, and heart valves.
Hemp Oil Uses for Skin, Nails, and Hair
Hemp is an often misconstrued and underutilized plant. Although hemp contains minuscule traces of the psychoactive compound THC, the plant is abundant in CBD. CBD is a cannabinoid that is regarded for its potential benefits against a variety of health concerns.
Hemp Oil for Athlete’s Foot
While CBD could also have antifungal properties when getting rid of athlete’s foot, full-spectrum hemp oil or full-plant cannabis is the ideal way to achieve excellent results. Terminating fungus is complicated because the cells contain a nucleus like all plants and animals do. Destroying the fungus could result in adverse side effects because of its similar biology to the cells in the human body. However, hemp oil has the potential to accomplish the difficult task of harming the fungus without damaging the cells. Individuals with fungal infections should take full-spectrum oil orally. They can also combat the infection by using the same tincture directly onto the skin to quickly impact the source of the problem.
Hemp Oil for Skin
Hemp oil may also be used for a more even complexion. Massaging a bit of hemp oil into acne-prone skin could help to neutralize the sebum that causes breakouts. Hemp oil can also improve skin moisture. Use hemp oil as a natural moisturizer or makeup remover. Apply the oil directly to dry, cracked, or chafed skin to make it stronger and more supple, as well as restore softness. As an anti-inflammatory, hemp oil may also help in the healing of minor cuts and scrapes.
Hemp Oil for Nails
For nail repair, apply some hemp oil on nails and cuticles, or enjoy a hemp oil foot bath. French Girl Organics, a brand of cuticle oil that contains hemp oil, is an enriching blend of extracts and essential oils to improve and maintain the health of nails and cuticles.
Another favored brand of antifungal medication, FungiKare, may help with athlete’s foot, nail fungus, and ringworm. The CBD oil in FungiKare reinforces the body’s ability to reconstruct healthy skin tissues. Potent essential oils of cinnamon, ginger, and clove soothe the symptoms of fungal infections, and the ingredients smell fantastic together. Other ingredients are olive oil, hemp-derived CBD oil, and grapefruit seed extract. FungiKare is available in a 0.5-oz bottle with a rod, which contains 25 mg CBD.
Hemp Oil for Hair
One of the most desired elements of hemp oil is essential fatty acids or EFAs. EFAs help restore hair’s natural softness, shine, and strength. One may also use hemp oil as a natural hair conditioner. Allow a small quantity of hemp oil to soak on hair and scalp for 10 to 20 minutes, and then wash as usual. Also, due to hemp oil’s high EFA content, hemp oil is an ideal supplement to boost one’s detox efforts.
Manitoba Harvest Hemp Oil Essential Fatty Acid Supplement 1000 mg (10g Omega 3 and Omega 6 essential fatty acids per serving, 120 soft gels, zero CBD) is a favorite brand among hemp oil enthusiasts. Available at Amazon, this product is made from hemp oil that is cold-pressed from hemp seed grown without using herbicides or pesticides.
Hemp Oil to Calm Inflammation
Gamma-linolenic acid, a natural constituent of hemp oil, reduces inflammation. This component makes hemp oil an excellent product to combat red or irritated skin. Hemp oil can also be used to help alleviate inflammation of the scalp.
Understanding The Endocannabinoid System
Taxonomic investigations disclosed that the endocannabinoid system revolutionized over 500 million years ago. The endocannabinoid system is present in all vertebrates. Its principal function is to maintain homeostasis in the body. Homeostasis is the natural harmony that is induced in response to changes in the environment. The human body naturally produces endocannabinoids, which are cannabis-like molecules. Scientists discovered that cannabis generated its effects on the body by mimicking the body’s endocannabinoids.
Although initial investigation suggested that endocannabinoid receptors are only situated in the brain and nerves, further research revealed otherwise. Scientists later found that the receptors are also present throughout the body, including the skin, bone, heart, blood vessels, liver, fat tissue, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract. The endocannabinoid system is engaged in a wide range of body functions and processes, including appetite, sleep, memory, metabolism, mood, and immune function.
CB1 and CB2 Receptors
Trichomes, the resinous glands that hold the medicinal components of the plant Cannabis sativa, are situated at the plant’s surface. The female flower is the area with the highest density. Within the trichomes are a group of plant chemicals called phytocannabinoids or cannabinoids. Regardless of its origin or structure, a cannabinoid is any chemical substance that links the cannabinoid receptors of the body and brain. When extracted from the plant and consumed, phytocannabinoids interrelate with the receptors in the body to produce several psychoactive and therapeutic effects. Plants and animals generate their cannabinoids. Those produced inside the body of mammals, including humans, are called endocannabinoids.
It was only in 1988 when the first cannabinoid receptors known as CB1 was discovered in humans. CB1 is the receptor that receives THC, thereby triggering THC’s euphoric characteristics. Also, CB1 functions as a regulator for reward mechanism, appetite, thermoregulation, immune function, cognition, muscle control, interocular pressure, emesis (vomiting and nausea), and pain. A few years later, a second cannabinoid receptor, CB2, was found in the white blood cells. As it was discovered with the highest concentrations in the natural killer cells, its role was believed to be related to cell proliferation, immune function, inflammation, and pain.
Consequently, more opportunities open to alternative ways of managing and treating diseases as scientists gain more understanding of the cannabis plant and how it may impact the systems of the human body. An increasing number of people are turning to cannabis as a natural remedy for ailments and disorders.
Cannabinoids and Their Therapeutic Properties
The cannabis plant naturally produces at least 80 cannabinoids. The two main cannabinoids are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
THC and CBD are found in both marijuana and hemp. Medical marijuana, or medical cannabis, contains more THC than hemp. Meanwhile, a hemp plant contains CBD in significant quantities. Given the rising popularity of medical cannabis, breeders are now cultivating strains with higher CBD to THC ratios to reduce psychoactive side effects.
A deeper understanding of the six most common cannabinoids would help one gain appreciation of the curative characteristics that he or she may derive from the cannabis plant.
THC’s most outstanding characteristic is the ability to induce a sense of euphoria to anyone who consumes it. THC works by bonding with the cannabinoid receptors located in the brain and central nervous system to generate the intoxicating effects. However, aside from the hallucinogenic properties, THC is also known as a useful relief to pain and inflammation. Also, THC is antispasmodic, neuroprotective, antioxidant, and muscle relaxant. This powerful compound possesses 20 times the anti-inflammatory potency of aspirin.
In clinical trials, researchers found that THC can reduce levels of vascular endothelial growth factor or VEGF in brain cancer cells. A reduction in VEGF is an indication that brain cancer tumors would be unable to develop and proliferate. The results of the study represent THC’s potential benefit for the treatment of brain cancer.
THC may help treat medical conditions, such as chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), Tourette’s syndrome, Huntington’s disease, and glaucoma. THC also helps provide relief to symptoms related to chemotherapy and HIV/AIDS.
CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid in medical marijuana and most prevalent in hemp plants. CBD-rich cannabis provides impressive therapeutic advantages without the THC-induced euphoria. Scientists believe that CBD and THC work in synergy. They are more potent when they are both present at therapeutic levels than they are alone. CBD’s favorable quality is its ability to counterbalance the sedative effect of THC. CBD also neutralizes the symptoms of anxiety, tachycardia (heart rhythm disorder), and hunger.
CBD is as effective and versatile as THC in responding to many debilitating conditions such as epilepsy, diabetes, antibiotic-resistant infections, rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol addiction, neurological disorders, and cancer.
CBD does not bind well with CB1 and CB2 receptors but stimulates both receptors instead. Thus, CBD works in the body through different pathways. As a negative modulator of the CB1 receptors, CBD lowers the maximum effect of THC’s psychoactivity. With THC’s potency altered, CBD users appreciate the health benefits of CBD-rich cannabis without the “high” associated with THC-dominant products.
Cannabinol (CBN) functions as a sedative and anxiolytic (anti-anxiety agent). CBN is twice as therapeutic as diazepam, a sedative, but without the undesirable side effects. Cannabinol is found in substantial amounts in aged cannabis, and in minimal quantities in fresh or cured cannabis. CBN is created from THC when THC is oxidized or exposed to oxygen for an extended period.
Scientific research on the effects of CBN on the human body is limited, as most clinical studies are done on animals. Meanwhile, people notice that when they consume older cannabis, they feel sleepy and assume that it is because of CBN. However, scientists believe that the combination of CBN and THC is what induces the sedative effect. Older cannabis, which is high in CBN, is also rich in sedating terpenes. These terpenes could be the chemical that makes those who consume older cannabis feel sleepy.
Some brands offer tinctures with isolated CBN and market them as sleep aids. Still, CBN alone is non-intoxicating. However, when it is used in combination with THC, CBN can increase the euphoric effects of THC. Also, CBN increases testosterone production and plasma concentration of particular hormones. With CBN’s higher affinity for the CB2 receptors, this cannabinoid could have more impact on the immune system than on the central nervous system.
CBN is most beneficial when used as an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, appetite stimulant, anti-insomnia therapy, and anti-convulsive. It also promotes the growth of bone cells.
Cannabichromene is a phytocannabinoid in hemp and is often found as having the second-highest concentration after CBD. CBC is found only in tropical strains of cannabis and is believed to be superior to THC and CBD in its antifungal and antibacterial quality. Although the CBC molecule is structurally similar to that of CBD, they are different in terms of the atomic structure. Like THC and CBD, CBC has the potential to promote neurogenesis by increasing the sustainability of developing brain cells. CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, which means one derives the benefits of consuming it without feeling high.
CBC battles inflammation without activating the endocannabinoid receptors in the body. Thus, the therapeutic characteristics of CBC substantially increase when combined with other cannabinoids like THC or CBD. THC and CBD activate endocannabinoid receptors in the brain and throughout the body. CBC is a significant factor in the anti-cancer and anti-tumor capabilities of cannabis. CBC may also help relieve symptoms associated with irritable bowel syndrome, chronic postoperative pain, neuropathy, and Crohn’s disease.
Cannabigerol is an excellent antibacterial that is superior to CBD, THC, and CBC. CBG is the most potent cannabinoid against fungi, gram-positive bacteria, and mycobacteria. Mycobacteria is a type of germ that causes tuberculosis and leprosy. CBG is the biosynthetic precursor to THC, CBD, and CBC, meaning the body converts CBG into another type of cannabinoid. Hence, CBG is often referred to as the mother or stem cell of cannabinoids. This unique characteristic makes CBG an object of interest for researchers and consumers of cannabis products.
However, most hemp plants only contain minuscule amounts of CBG isolate. Hence, manufacturers find that CBG isolates are notoriously expensive to produce, calling it the Rolls Royce of cannabinoids. Despite CBG’s therapeutic appeal, its price is prohibitive to most people. Thus, some growers are working on a hemp strain that could maximize CBG without CBD and THC. Today, there are only a few farms in the United States that cultivate hemp strains to yield high levels of CBG specifically.
CBG has antibacterial properties and has been found to decrease the size of tumors. CBG is also an excellent remedy for relieving inflammatory bowel disease symptoms, reduction of intraocular pressure in glaucoma patients. CBG counters nausea, stimulates appetite, and reduces anxiety levels.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin is a type of cannabinoid contained in indica and afagnica varieties of cannabis plants. Although THCV is not a primary cannabinoid, it has two important uses. Research suggests that THCV can be used as a biochemical marker for illicit drug use because THCV is not a metabolite of Marinol, a synthetic THC. The study showed that THCV is detected in urine samples collected from human subjects only after the ingestion of marijuana and not after the ingestion of Marinol. Thus, THCV is readily detectable in drug testing. Another essential use of THCV is for the treatment of migraine headaches, as explained in a review.
THCV, as the name suggests, is similar to THC in molecular structure and psychoactive properties. However, THCV provides a wide range of pronounced effects when used. THCV is an appetite suppressant, which is good news for consumers focused on weight loss. Meanwhile, patients dealing with eating disorders should avoid THCV.
THCV can benefit those with diabetes, regulate blood sugar levels, and reduce insulin resistance. THCV may help lessen panic attacks and anxiety attacks in PTSD patients. THCV can relieve symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s disease, such as tremors, motor control, and brain lesions, although research is in progress. Because THCV is found to promote the growth of new bone cells, this cannabinoid may also help with osteoporosis and other bone-related conditions.
Most products in the market contain only traces and undetectable amounts of THCV, making it difficult for people to achieve the desired therapeutic effect. Hopefully, more THCV-rich products would be introduced alongside THCV’s growing popularity.
Terpenes and Cannabinoids
Terpenes, or isoprenoids, are responsible for the distinct essence of cannabis. Terpenes are found in almost every species of plant. Their molecules consist of repeating units of a compound called isoprene. Humans respond to the vast majority of smells or odors produced by terpenes. The biological activities that involve terpenes include reduced inflammation, less sensitivity to pain, and decreased levels of anxiety. All of these characteristics are common between terpenes and cannabinoids. Both compounds share a common biochemical precursor, which enables them to bind with receptors and enzymes.
In the plant kingdom, terpenes assume the crucial role of a protector. Terpenes protect plants from environmental stresses, obviate insect predation, and act as building blocks for more complex molecules like cannabinoids. Most terpenes synergize with other varieties of terpenes, and some either stimulate or inhibit the formation of different compounds within a plant. Understanding how terpenes perform their functions allows scientists to manipulate cannabinoids to achieve desired ratios.
Terpenes may not be as prominent as the major cannabinoids. However, terpenes are contributory to the psychoactive and physiological effects of cannabis. The interrelation between terpenes and cannabinoids, known as the entourage effect, ultimately distinguishes one strain of cannabis from another.
ß-caryophyllene is a terpene contained in the essential oils of many plants like rosemary, black pepper, clove, hops, and cannabis. Like all terpenes, ß-caryophyllene contributes to the intense aromatic qualities of the plants. ß-caryophyllene is found in substantial quantities in the cannabis plant and contributes to the entourage effect.
Terpenes and cannabinoids both have their therapeutic properties. They can be anti-anxiety, antibacterial, antifungal, antiemetic (counters vomiting and nausea), analgesic (pain reliever), anti-inflammatory, anti-seizure, and anti-anxiety. ß-caryophyllene or BCP is one of these terpenes that acts as a cannabinoid by binding to the CB2 receptors in the body.
ß-caryophyllene is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a food additive, as well as a dietary cannabinoid. Because of ß-caryophyllene’s unique fragrance, some cosmetic products include this terpene in the ingredients. Many common foods, like black pepper, oregano, and cinnamon, also have ß-caryophyllene.
ß-caryophyllene and Hemp Root
Beta-caryophyllene is an integral component of cannabis essential oil and can be found in the root of hemp plants, along with other alkaloids. Many people who promote the therapeutic values of cannabis give credit only to hemp’s flowers, leaves, stems, and oils, and not the roots. Growers often give little attention to the roots besides making sure that the plants thrive in their surroundings.
Still, discounting the roots as contributory to hemp’s whole-plant therapies is a mistake. The roots contain many healing benefits that have been utilized for centuries. The root extracts were used as potent additives to poultices and salves for the relief of burns and wounds. Oil from hemp root can be rubbed on sore and aching joints to reduce pain and inflammation, promote accelerated healing, and reduce scar formation. Hemp root oil may also be beneficial in cases of dermatitis, eczema, rashes, and insect stings and bites. The oil has a warm and calming effect, making it an excellent massage oil.
Other Medical Benefits of CBD
CBD is often administered in conjunction with other medications. Despite the commonly reported side effects, such as tiredness, diarrhea, and changes in appetite or weight, researchers believe that CBD could improve patients’ compliance and adherence to treatment.
Manufacturers of CBD products often market CBD oil as a potential natural remedy for a variety of ailments and disorders. Although more research is still needed to substantiate therapeutic claims, many people believe that CBD could be a valuable addition to their health regimen. CBD may be used as a preventative medication or a potent antidote to combat symptoms of certain diseases.
CBD vs. Anxiety
A study found that CBD decreases anxiety levels in individuals with a social anxiety disorder (SAD). The brain scans indicated that CBD regulates chemical uptake and blood flow in the brain. CBD can help people with anxiety disorders by impacting the CB1 receptors in the brain and modifying the signaling process of serotonin receptors.
CBD vs. Autism Spectrum Disorder
A study showed that CBD has a success rate of 80% in dealing with problematic behavior in children with autism. Another research demonstrated that CBD helped with resolving behavioral and communication problems, as well as anxiety and stress, in children with ASD.
CBD vs. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
A research established the crucial role of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) regulating body functions related to memory and emotions. CBD oil, when consumed, activates receptors in the ECS. Thus, CBD helps relieve symptoms of PTSD. CBD can alter memory, induce a sense of well-being or happiness, and reduce the recollection of traumatic memories.
CBD vs. Sleep Disorders and Insomnia
CBD can help improve sleep quality by interrelating with receptors in the ECS. CBD oil, in and of itself, does not induce sleep. However, studies indicate that CBD has the potential to counter insomnia by relieving symptoms that cause difficulty in sleeping, such as anxiety, depression, and chronic pain.
CBD vs. Schizophrenia
A double-blind, randomized clinical trial examined CBD’s potency as an antipsychotic for patients with schizophrenia. CBD was compared with another antipsychotic, and the results showed that CBD was safe and led to a significant improvement in the patients’ condition.
CBD vs. Addiction
In a study, CBD demonstrated its ability to help reduce cravings in patients recovering from addiction. CBD also managed to lower their stress levels. The researchers of another study on heroin addiction revealed that CBD has the potential to help individuals with heroin use disorder.
CBD vs. Inflammation
A research corroborates CBD’s potential to help support body movement and healthy joints. Scientists found that CBD interacts with the immune system, thereby reducing stress and inflammation. CBD suppresses the body’s inflammatory response and symptoms by acting on multiple pathways. In another study, results revealed that CBD and THC help to lessen inflammation.
CBD vs. Fibromyalgia
A clinical review was conducted in 2016, and researchers found evidence that cannabinoids may benefit people with fibromyalgia. CBD helps patients manage the symptoms of the disease, which may include fatigue, painful joints, sleep problems, morning stiffness, and memory problems (sometimes referred to as fibro fog).
CBD vs. Arthritis
Many people favor CBD’s versatility as it can either be ingested, smoked, or used topically. In a clinical experiment, researchers applied CBD cream on animals with arthritis. The results demonstrated that topical administration of CBD may help relieve arthritis pain and inflammation without adverse side effects.
CBD vs. Recovery from Sports Injuries
CBD may provide substantial help to athletes who are recovering from serious sports injuries, or people who are recovering from surgery. CBD helps to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, improve sleep quality, and optimize concentration. Studies show that CBD blocks the reuptake of adenosine to optimize sleep quality. The human body mostly regenerates damaged muscle fiber during sleep.
CBD vs. Eczema
A study demonstrates the crucial role of the endocannabinoid system in regulating skin functions. CBD interacts with CB1 receptors and keratinocytes to help maintain the skin’s permeability barrier and epidermal integrity, as well as protect the skin from allergic inflammation.
CBD vs. Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that impacts the central nervous system, especially the spinal cord, brain, and optic nerves. CBD has the potential to help alleviate the symptoms of MS, which include pains and spasms, dizziness, bladder issues, vision problems, lethargy, and cognitive problems. A study concluded that CBD is beneficial in alleviating pain and sleep issues in patients with multiple sclerosis.
CBD vs. Obesity
Overstimulation of the CB1 receptors in the fat tissues in the body could promote weight gain. CBD inhibits the activation of CB1 receptors, which then results in a reduced risk of obesity. Research suggests that the endocannabinoid system and CBD can help combat obesity by regulating lipid and glucose metabolism and converting fat tissue into caloric expenditure.
CBD vs. Gastrointestinal and Digestive Disorders
A study published in the Journal of Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research states that the ECS helps with immune response, gut permeability, gut motility, interaction with microbiota, hunger, and brain-mediated fat intake. CBD can also help alleviate symptoms of gut disorder, including bloating and nausea.
CBD vs. Cardiovascular Diseases
CBD could efficiently reduce blood pressure. Research shows that CBD could alter the way the body responds to anxiety and stress. Stress causes many health issues related to elevated blood pressure. Along with poor eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle, stress could lead to heart disease and heart attack. The body releases cortisol when it is under stress. By lowering cortisol, CBD helps maintain blood pressure levels within the healthy range.
CBD vs. Candidiasis
CBD’s natural antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory properties make it a potential medication to help treat candidiasis. One famous brand of CBD product that is specially formulated to target yeast overgrowth is Candida (CD – 1) Feminized Seeds from Medical Marijuana Genetics. Its CBD levels are between 20.6% and 10.9%, while its THC remains below 1%. The balance between CBD and THC is kept more consistent than any similar strain. This product provides a 20:1 CBD:THC ratio, the highest CBD, and the lowest THC content of any strain sold in the market today.
When the Farm Bill passed in 2014, the cultivation of hemp became legal. Hemp contains less than 0.3% THC. Although hemp contains THC, the THC content is too minimal to make it psychoactive. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate CBD. Its legality depends on its source. Many manufacturers of CBD products claim that their CBD is hemp-derived. CBD that is extracted from hemp is legal. CBD is considered illegal if extracted from other parts of the marijuana plant.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) issued a statement to clarify the confusion. They said that cannabinoids, such as THC, CBN, and CBD, are found in the parts of the cannabis plant that fall within the CSA (Controlled Substances Act) definition of marijuana. These cannabinoids are found in the flowering tops, resin, and leaves of marijuana. Given the current definition by the federal government and the DEA, CBD is only legal if it is extracted from other areas of the plant that do not qualify as marijuana.
Most CBD products are entirely free of THC. However, there are full-spectrum products that contain trace amounts of THC. In general, CBD that contains less than 0.3% of THC is considered legal across the United States.