Best CBD Oil for Dog Aggression

Is your dog acting aggressively? Find out how you can choose the best cannabidiol (CBD) to help with dog aggression.

Rating
Highlights

Editor's Choice

Spruce Dog CBD Oil 750mg

4.8 out of 5
  1. Has coconut oil as carrier which is generally easier on dogs
  2. Has milder taste and no flavorings
  3. Easy to use just sprinkle on dog’s food twice daily

Best CBD OIl For Dogs

Honest Paws Wellness Oil for Dogs

4.1 out of 5
  1. Calming,
  2. Full Spectrum
  3. Contains other natural ingredients to boost immunity

Best High Potency

Nuleaf Naturals Pet CBD Oil

5 out of 5
  1. Concentrated to approximately 50mg CBD per ml of oil
  2. Great for cats, dogs and other four-legged friends
  3. Can also be used by humans

Best High Potency

4 Corners Cannabis Pet Tincture

5 out of 5
  1. Generous on their options
  2. Different sizes and strengths available for your needs
  3. The flavor peanut butter is available perfect for pets who are picky when it comes to eating

Best Transparency

cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Tincture for Dogs

3.6 out of 5
  1. Uses hemp grown through organic farming methods.
  2. Contains CBD Oil and MCT Oil only
  3. With two yummy flavors

Best CBD Oil for Dog Aggression 2022

  1. Spruce Dog CBD Oil 750mg Best Overall
  2. Honest Paws Wellness Oil for Dogs Best Immunity Support for Dogs
  3. Nuleaf Naturals Pet CBD Oil Best Organic
  4. 4 Corners Cannabis Pet Tincture Best High Potency
  5. cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Tincture for Dogs Best Range


Compare the Best CBD Oil for Dog Aggression

Product Potency Purity Customer Service Type Extraction Transparency Absorption
Spruce Dog CBD Oil 750mg
4.8 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Honest Paws Wellness Oil for Dogs
4.1 out of 5
1.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
Nuleaf Naturals Pet CBD Oil
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4 Corners Cannabis Pet Tincture
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Tincture for Dogs
3.6 out of 5
1.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
3.5 out of 5
4.5 out of 5
5.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5

Best CBD Oil for Dog Aggression

1. Spruce Dog CBD Oil 750mg
cbdc overall score

4.8

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Same as human lab grade, full spectrum CBD oil

No other flavors

Easier on Dog's digestion

Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients

Overview

Spruce’s dog-friendly CBD has been specially formulated for dogs. Instead of hemp seed oil for the carrier oil, the product contains coconut oil, which is generally easier on the digestion for dogs. The taste is also milder with no flavorings, making it more likely that dogs will eat it with their food.

Using Spruce CBD for dogs is simple. All owners have to do is sprinkle the desired dose on the dog’s food at mealtime once or twice a day. Each dose should consist of about two to three drops per 20 pounds of dog weight.

2. Honest Paws Wellness Oil for Dogs
cbdc overall score

4.1

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Product offering is extensive

Most products were not tested for solvents or mycotoxins

Products are made from 100% organic, non-GMO, and locally grown hemp

Limited information on the company

30-day money-back guarantee

Available in the US only

Free shipping for orders over $49.95

Expedited delivery option is available

Overview

A calming full-spectrum hemp oil that combines naturally occurring CBD with other ingredients for healthy immunity, calm moods, and a healthy brain.

3. Nuleaf Naturals Pet CBD Oil
cbdc overall score

5.0

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Pure CBD hemp

No other flavors

All natural

Overview

CBD for dogs, cats and other four-legged friends! Our product is concentrated to approximately 50mg cannabinoids per milliliter of oil. While this product is designed for pets, it’s great for humans, too.

4. 4 Corners Cannabis Pet Tincture
cbdc overall score

5.0

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Has a wide variety of CBD strengths

A bit expensive

Free shipping on $100 and up

Incomplete lab test results

Overview

4 Corners Cannabis Pet Tinctures are generous on their options since there are different sizes and strengths available for you exact needs. The flavor peanut butter is available perfect for pets who are picky when it comes to eating.

5. cbdMD Pet CBD Oil Tincture for Dogs
cbdc overall score

3.6

CBDC Evaluation Table/Score
Potency

Purity

Customer Service

Type

Extraction

Absorption

Transparency

Pros Cons

Same CBD Oil benefits as for humans

Low terpene and cannabinoid profile

No THC Animal-specific products (dogs, cats, horses)

Made from premium CBD from non-GMO USA hemp

Overview

With nothing but MCT oil combined with CBD oil sourced from U.S. hemp that is grown using organic farming methods, these CBD Oil Tinctures for Dogs can be added to their favorite foods while still providing the same effects that you enjoy. We have two flavors to choose from: Natural and Peanut Butter.

How CBD Helps With Dog Aggression 

A study by experts from the University of Western Australia shows promise for aggressive behavior in dogs(1)

Results suggest that CBD may be used effectively to improve the welfare of dogs in a shelter. After 15 days of CBD administration, shelter dogs with aggressive tendencies exhibited less aggression. 

Anxiety is one of the driving forces that leads to dogs’ aggressive responses(2). Anxiety, particularly noise reactivity, is a major reason dog owners seek help using CBD(3).

Human and animal studies show that CBD may potentially help with anxiety-related disorders(4)

Cannabidiol or CBD is an active constituent of cannabis. While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived from hemp plants(5)

Cannabidiol has structural similarities to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the primary psychotropic chemical constituent in the cannabis plant that causes euphoria. However, CBD is non-psychoactive(6)

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is pervasive in mammalian species. ECS can be found everywhere in the body and functions by maintaining homeostasis for several organ systems(7)

Homeostasis is a process that living things use to maintain a stable condition while adapting to changing external environments(8)

This process is achieved through a negative feedback loop that releases the endocannabinoids as they target the cannabinoid receptors(9)

These cannabinoid receptors, namely CB1 and CB2, can be found on cells throughout the body. 

CB2 receptors are located primarily on cells in the immune system(10). When activated, CB2 receptors stimulate a response that fights inflammation.  

Meanwhile, CB1 receptors are responsible for motor regulation and pain sensation. These types of receptors also regulate neurotransmitters(11)

A research paper published in the Neuropharmacology journal examined a murine model of aggression. The researchers noted that CB1 receptors may mediate aggression and play a significant role in social interaction(12)

Compared to humans, dogs have a higher number of endocannabinoid receptors in their brainstem and cerebellum. These parts of the brain control coordination, respiratory rate, and heart rate(13)

Thus, dogs are more susceptible to toxicity from too much THC due to the high concentration of CB receptors and their relatively smaller size than humans(14)

When a dog ingests excessive levels of cannabis containing THC, it may lose muscle coordination, lose bowel and bladder control, and have difficulty with balance(15)

Cannabidiol may have a weak affinity to cannabinoid receptors. Nonetheless, it may have ability to modify THC’s effects, such as anxiety(16)

Another study from the Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry hypothesized that CBD may attenuate aggressive behavior induced by social isolation in mice(17)

The results of these studies may be reassuring. However, they are inconclusive. Before using CBD to manage the symptoms of dog aggression, you should first consult a veterinarian experienced in cannabis use. 

Benefits of Using CBD for Dog Aggression

Using CBD-rich hemp products is becoming popular among pet owners(18)

An animal study in 2019 indicated that an oral CBD-rich hemp supplement may not be detrimental to dogs(19).   

Another study from the Pain Management in Veterinary Clinical Practice showed that dogs that received oral transmucosal CBD in addition to an anti-inflammatory drug had an improved Canine Brief Pain Inventory score(20).  

The Canine Brief Pain Inventory or Canine BPI allows dog owners to rate the degree and severity of their dog’s pain(21). A dog that is in pain may also behave aggressively(22)

The researchers hypothesized that the additional oral transmucosal cannabidiol to a multimodal analgesic regimen may improve a dog’s overall quality of life without severe adverse side effects(23)

A study from the Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research determined the pharmacokinetics of transdermally and orally administered CBD(24)

The researchers also compared the cannabidiol plasma concentrations of three different delivery methods at two different dosages. The research was conducted under the regulations of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee(25).

Results indicated that CBD-infused oil formulation yielded higher maximal concentration and systematic exposure than the other two formulations. 

Meanwhile, lower measurable plasma levels of cannabidiol were seen in the CBD-infused transdermal cream(26)

Several studies also examined cannabidiol’s purported analgesic effects in dogs.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common issue in dogs, particularly in large breeds and seniors. This condition may elicit joint pain due to injuries, improper nutrition, weight gain, or repetitive stress in activities(27)

A 2018 research from the Frontiers in Veterinary Science utilized two different dosages of CBD-enriched oil (2mg/kg and 8mg/kg) to osteoarthritic dogs(28)

The researchers also used hematology (the science of blood), serum chemistry, and physical examinations alongside CBD administration throughout the study(29).  

Results of the experiment showed considerable improvement in osteoarthritic dogs that received CBD compared to those that received a placebo(30)

However, the researchers stated that although the short-term effect of CBD on osteoarthritic dogs may be positive, further long-term studies with larger populations are necessary to determine the long term-effects of cannabidiol-rich industrial hemp treatment(31).  

A University of Kentucky study found that physiological anxiety measurements in a dog’s response to noise were not significantly different for CBD versus placebo and were worse than trazodone (a drug commonly prescribed for a dog’s anxiety)(32)

Thus, CBD may also be beneficial for some dogs that experience separation anxiety(33).   

Although the results are promising, studies on CBD for dog aggression are still lacking. Therefore, the purported health benefits of CBD for canines are inconclusive.       

How Long Does CBD Take to Help With Dog Aggression?

The easiest way to give cannabidiol to your dog is by adding CBD oil to its food, treats, or directly to the mouth(34). You may use a calibrated dropper to dispense the oil or tincture. 

CBD’s onset usually takes about 30 minutes, and your dog should feel the effect for about four to six hours(35).  

Meanwhile, CBD treats, like dog biscuits and chews, have an average onset time of 30 to 90 minutes after ingestion(36)

However, remember that the effect is highly dependent on your dog’s metabolism. Generally, large dogs may need larger doses of CBD for the compound to take effect(37)

How Long Will CBD Help With Dog Aggression?

No study has determined how long CBD takes to help with dog aggression. 

However, reports indicate that the bioavailability of CBD is low when given orally to dogs and humans due to the high first-pass effect through the liver(38). 

Bioavailability is the portion of the ingested substance that can be absorbed into the bloodstream(39)

Risk and Side Effects of Using CBD for Dog Aggression

Using cannabidiol may have negative side effects in dogs, including(40)

  • Diarrhea
  • Lower blood pressure 
  • Drowsiness

Research from the Journal of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association showed that healthy dogs may clinically tolerate CBD. However, notable side effects like diarrhea may still occur(41)

In addition, CBD may increase dogs’ alkaline phosphatase enzyme (ALP) levels, possibly leading to liver damage(42)

On the other hand, dogs intoxicated with THC may show signs of static ataxia or the inability to maintain a fixed position. This condition is unique among dogs, and although it is not fatal, it often requires supportive medical therapy(43).  

For your dog’s safety, make sure you consult with a veterinarian experienced in cannabis use before you purchase any CBD product for your dog’s aggression

How to Choose the Best CBD Oil for Dog Aggression

CBD pet products may contain different types of CBD or hemp extracts:

  • CBD isolates 
  • Broad-spectrum CBD oil
  • Full-spectrum CBD oil  

Choose a broad-spectrum CBD product that contains some extracts of the cannabis plant, like terpenes and other cannabinoids(44).  

However, make sure to avoid full-spectrum CBD products that contain THC(45)

Some CBD brands may promise a high-quality CBD oil or even offer a money-back guarantee to boost consumer confidence. 

It is essential that you know the source of the CBD extract used in the product. Check if the hemp oil or hemp extract comes from non-GMO or organic hemp

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulates the hemp pilot program. The program encourages every state in the U.S.A. to propose and implement hemp farming and production in their locality(46).   

North Carolina, Kentucky, Oregon, and Colorado are among the states that complied with the hemp pilot program(47)

Most CBD brands utilize the carbon dioxide extraction method(48). The process involves compressed CO2 being used as the extraction solvent. The method aims to eliminate toxic and flammable chemicals(49).

Most CBD products may contain additives, such as carrier oils that contribute to CBD’s possible beneficial effects. MCT coconut oil and hemp oil are the most commonly used carrier oils(50).  

It is crucial to assess the ingredients of the CBD pet products to be aware of the possible allergens that may trigger adverse reactions.

Your dog may be dairy or gluten intolerant. If that is the case, ensure to avoid CBD dog treats with these ingredients. 

You should also check with your veterinarian for any preservatives in the CBD treats or chews that may pose harm to your dog. 

Look for the CBD product’s certificate of analysis (COA). This way, you will know the CBD potency and consistency and the other ingredients in the product. 

CBD Dosage for Dog Aggression 

A study on the effects of Cannabis sativa L. on dogs’ aggressive behavior was published on February 2, 2021. The dosage given to each dog that participated in the experiment was calculated as follows: one drop of CBD oil per 2kg of dog weight(51).   

However, results are inconclusive, and recommendations vary by condition or your dog’s weight. Thus, ensure to speak with an experienced veterinarian before giving cannabis to your dog to manage its aggression. 

The veterinarian may also do a physical examination to know your dog’s weight and conduct other tests to help with their diagnosis. 

Veterinary professionals can refer you to a behaviorist who can train your dog to overcome fear-related aggression, such as firework and thunderstorm fears.

How to Administer CBD for Dog Aggression 

The most common pet CBD products include(52):

  • CBD-infused peanut butter
  • CBD biscuits
  • CBD chews
  • CBD capsules 

These CBD treats are orally ingested. However, tinctures and oils give you the most control over dosing. Tinctures and oils can also be easily added to your pet’s food or drink(53)

Dogs can also take CBD oil and tinctures topically and sublingually (under the tongue). Topical CBD products include salves and creams.

Is CBD Safe for Dogs?

  In 2021, a study published in the American Journal of Veterinary Research showed that repeated CBD administration was well tolerated by dogs(54)

However, choose only high-quality CBD pet products for your dog for overall wellness and optimal effectiveness. 

Ensure that your CBD pet products come with lab test results from a third-party lab through certificates of analysis (COAs).

All CBD products must be tested for consumers to determine CBD potency and concentration. Lab testing is necessary to check whether there are harmful contaminants, such as residual solvents and pesticides.  

Legality of CBD 

Federal law may limit how veterinarians can discuss the use of CBD oil with their clients. However, dog owners should be comfortable initiating a discussion(55).

Before giving your pet CBD oil for dog aggression, make sure to read individual state laws regarding CBD to avoid legal consequences. Different states may impose other regulations and statutes about the usage of CBD products

For instance, Colorado expanded their state law on cannabis in 2012 by legalizing the adult use of recreational marijuana(56). However, it is not clear whether the state permits the use of CBD for dogs

Meanwhile, veterinarians licensed in Nevada can administer and recommend hemp and cannabidiol products, provided that the THC content is less than 0.3%(57).

Product Frequently
Asked Questions

  • How can CBD oil help with dog aggression?

    A scientific report from Nature suggested that CBD administration may reduce dogs’ aggression towards humans(58).

  • What evidence or research exists to say that CBD helps with dog aggression?

    There are limited studies directed on CBD and dog aggression. However, a 2021 research article indicated that CBD may help with shelter dogs’ behavior problems(59).

  • Is there any evidence that CBD can make dog aggression worse?

    Anxiety-related aggression is common among dogs(60)

    A study regarding the impact of CBD-infused treats did not provide strong support of an anxiolytic effect of cannabidiol in dogs supplemented at 1.4mg. Thus, researchers suggested increasing doses of CBD for future studies to verify its effects on anxiety(61).

    Due to the limited number of studies on dog aggression and CBD, more research is required to determine if CBD can worsen such a condition. 

  • Will CBD interact with any current medications my pet may be taking for dog aggression?

    Researchers suggested that it may not be wise to administer CBD concomitantly with other medications due to possible drug interactions(62)

    Keeping your veterinarian informed about your decision to use CBD oil for your dog will help them give you advice on any potential interactions with medications your pet may be taking.

  • Are there other treatments I should consider for my pet alongside CBD to help with dog aggression?

    Some medications can alter your dog’s mood and affect its susceptibility to aggression(63). Talk to your veterinarian before combining CBD with other treatments.

  • What is the dosage for dog aggression?

    There is no standard amount of CBD for dog aggression. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate the production of CBD products

    However, a particular study on Cannabis sativa L’s effect on dogs’ aggressive behavior utilized one drop of CBD oil per 2kg of dog weight(64).

  • How do I give CBD oil to my dog with aggression?

    When selecting CBD pet products, avoid full-spectrum hemp CBD with THC(65). Make sure to get a certificate of analysis for verification. 

    You may also opt for organic CBD products for dogs available in the market(66)

    Note that CBD oil is different from hempseed oil. Hempseed oil does not contain cannabinoids. However, it is rich in nutrients and fatty acids(67).

  • How long does CBD take to help with dog aggression?

    CBD treats that are orally ingested have an onset time of 30 to 90 minutes(68)

  • What are some benefits associated with CBD for dog aggression?

    Dog aggression is linked to anxiety(69). Some veterinarians express support in administering CBD to animals due to its potential benefits on humans in managing pain and anxiety(70)

  • Does CBD have side effects on dogs?

    CBD’s side effects on dogs include dry mouth and drowsiness(71)

  • Is CBD safe for dogs with aggression?

    CBD is relatively safe to use in dogs(72). CBD’s anti-anxiety effects(73) may help calm dogs. 

  • Is CBD legal?

    Regulation regarding cannabis use is different in every state. In Nevada, licensed veterinarians can administer CBD to your dog, provided the THC is not more than 0.3%(74)


  1. Cannabis sativa L. may reduce aggressive behaviour towards humans in shelter dogs
    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-82439-2
  2. What Is Aggression? Dog Reactivity vs. Dog Aggression
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/training/reactivity-vs-aggression/
  3. Understanding, Preventing, and Treating Dog Anxiety
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/treating-dog-anxiety/
  4. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2020.569565/full
  5. Cannabidiol (CBD)-what we know and what we don’t
    https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cannabidiol-cbd-what-we-know-and-what-we-dont-2018082414476
  6. Immune Responses Regulated by Cannabidiol
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7173676/
  7. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6770351/
  8. Homeostasis: The Underappreciated and Far Too Often Ignored Central Organizing Principle of Physiology
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2020.00200/full
  9. The Endocannabinoid System, Our Universal Regulator
    https://www.jyi.org/2018-june/2018/6/1/the-endocannabinoid-system-our-universal-regulator
  10. A Look at the Endocannabinoid System’s CB1 and CB2 Receptors
    https://echoconnection.org/look-endocannabinoid-systems-cb1-cb2-receptors/
  11. Ibid.
  12. CB1 cannabinoid receptor-mediated aggressive behavior
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23916480/
  13. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  14. Ibid.
  15. Ibid.
  16. Cannabis—A Valuable Drug That Deserves Better Treatment
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3498425/
  17. Cannabidiol attenuates aggressive behavior induced by social isolation in mice: Involvement of 5-HT1A and CB1 receptors
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31054943/
  18. Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats
    https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/10/832
  19. Ibid.
  20. Oral Transmucosal Cannabidiol Oil Formulation as Part of a Multimodal Analgesic Regimen: Effects on Pain Relief and Quality of Life Improvement in Dogs Affected by Spontaneous Osteoarthritis
    https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/10/9/1505
  21. The Canine Brief Pain Inventory
    http://www.vet.upenn.edu/docs/default-source/VCIC/canine-bpi-user’s-guide-2017-07
  22. Aggression
    https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/dog-care/common-dog-behavior-issues/aggression
  23. Oral Transmucosal Cannabidiol Oil Formulation as Part of a Multimodal Analgesic Regimen: Effects on Pain Relief and Quality of Life Improvement in Dogs Affected by Spontaneous Osteoarthritis
    https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/10/9/1505
  24. Pharmacokinetics of cannabidiol administered by 3 delivery methods at 2 different dosages to healthy dogs
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6038832/
  25. Ibid.
  26. Ibid.
  27. What is Osteoarthritis?
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/osteoarthritis-signs-treatment/
  28. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2018.00165/full
  29. Ibid.
  30. Ibid.
  31. Ibid.
  32. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test
    https://uknowledge.uky.edu/animalsci_facpub/33/?utm_source=uknowledge.uky.edu%2Fanimalsci_facpub%2F33&utm_medium=PDF&utm_campaign=PDFCoverPages
  33. Separation anxiety syndrome in dogs and cats
    https://www.avma.org/sites/default/files/resources/javma_222_11_1526.pdf
  34. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  35. Is CBD safe for dogs? Guidelines from vets about giving your dog CBD
    https://www.insider.com/cbd-for-dogs
  36. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  37. Is CBD safe for dogs? Guidelines from vets about giving your dog CBD
    https://www.insider.com/cbd-for-dogs
  38. Pharmacokinetics of cannabidiol administered by 3 delivery methods at 2 different dosages to healthy dogs
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6038832/#b14-cjvr_07_178
  39. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  40. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  41. A Report of Adverse Effects Associated With the Administration of Cannabidiol in Healthy Dogs
    https://downloads.tripawds.com/files/2020/01/AHVMA-2018-V52-CannabisAdverseEffects.pdf
  42. Ibid.
  43. CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1MILU_6ZjYkII-XMUPHLFPiPQbrz__5Sh/view
  44. Does CBD Work for Dogs?
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/does-cbd-work-for-dogs/
  45. Ibid.
  46. The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018
    https://www.usda.gov/topics/hemp
  47. State Industrial Hemp Statutes
    https://www.ncsl.org/research/agriculture-and-rural-development/state-industrial-hemp-statutes.aspx
  48. Cannabidiol primer for healthcare professionals
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7340472/
  49. Understanding dabs: contamination concerns of cannabis concentrates and cannabinoid transfer during the act of dabbing
    https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jts/40/6/40_797/_pdf/-char/en
  50. Healing with CBD
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  51. Cannabis sativa L. may reduce aggressive behaviour towards humans in shelter dogs
    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-82439-2
  52. Healing with CBD
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  53. Ibid.
  54. Randomized, placebo-controlled, 28-day safety and pharmacokinetics evaluation of repeated oral cannabidiol administration in healthy dogs
    https://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/full/10.2460/ajvr.82.5.405
  55. How to Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil for Dogs
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/talk-veterinarian-cbd-oil/
  56. Legal marijuana use in Colorado
    https://cannabis.colorado.gov/legal-marijuana-use-in-colorado
  57. Nevada veterinarians can treat patients with certain cannabis products
    https://www.avma.org/javma-news/2021-10-01/nevada-veterinarians-can-treat-patients-certain-cannabis-products
  58. Cannabis sativa L. may reduce aggressive behaviour towards humans in shelter dogs
    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-82439-2
  59. Ibid.
  60. Aggression in Dogs
    https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/fear-vs-aggression
  61. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2020.569565/full
  62. Ibid.
  63. Aggression
    https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/dog-care/common-dog-behavior-issues/aggression
  64. Cannabis sativa L. may reduce aggressive behaviour towards humans in shelter dogs
    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-82439-2
  65. Does CBD Work for Dogs?
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/does-cbd-work-for-dogs/
  66. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  67. Hemp Seed Oil Properties
    https://extension.okstate.edu/fact-sheets/hemp-seed-oil-properties.html
  68. Healing with CBD
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AGlxnhS2SoFeOXEuysv75bd_C9pEnwsU/view
  69. Aggression in Dogs
    https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/fear-vs-aggression
  70. US Veterinarians’ Knowledge, Experience, and Perception Regarding the Use of Cannabidiol for Canine Medical Conditions
    https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2018.00338/full
  71. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know
    https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  72. Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6826847/
  73. The Impact of Feeding Cannabidiol (CBD) Containing Treats on Canine Response to a Noise-Induced Fear Response Test
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7537661/
  74. Nevada veterianarians can treat patients with certain cannabis products
    https://www.avma.org/javma-news/2021-10-01/nevada-veterinarians-can-treat-patients-certain-cannabis-products

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